Jatropha gossypiifolia L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 1006 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Mexico to Tropical America. It is a shrub and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, has environmental uses and social uses, as a poison and a medicine and for fuel and food.

Distribution

Native to:

Argentina Northwest, Aruba, Bahamas, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Burkina, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Fiji, Florida, Galápagos, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Hawaii, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Malaya, Marianas, Marquesas, Mozambique, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Queensland, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Togo, Zaïre

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Balakrishnan, N.P. & Chakrabarty, T. (2007). The family Euphorbiaceae in India. A synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography: 1-500. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Buragohain, S. & Sarma, G.C. (2009). The exotic weeds of Guwahati, Assam and their role in employment generation. Pleione 3(1): 45-49.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Dehgan, B. (2012). Flora Neotropica, Monograph 110: 1-273.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2016). Flora of North America North of Mexico 12: 1-603. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Florence, J. (1997). Flore de la Polynésie Française 1: 1-393. ORSTOM éditions, Paris.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.
  • Gosline, G., Bidault, E., van der Burgt, X., Cahen, D., Challen, G., Condé, N., Couch, C., Couvreur, T.L.P., Dagallier, L.M.J., Darbyshire, I., Dawson, S., Doré, T.S., Goyder, D., Grall, A., Haba, P., Haba, P., Harris, D., Hind, D.J.N., Jongkind, & al. (2023). A Taxonomically-verified and Vouchered Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Republic of Guinea. Nature, scientific data 10, Article number: 327: [1]-[12].
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Lautenschläger, T. & al (2020). New records for the flora of Angola: observations from Uíge and Cuanza Norte. Plant Ecology and Evolution 153: 132-142.
  • Leti, M., Hul, S., Fouché, J.-G., Cheng, S.K. & David, B. (2013). Flore photographique du Cambodge: 1-589. Éditions Privat, Toulouse.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée. Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Pasha, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • van Welzen, P.C. & Chayamarit, K. (2007). Flora of Thailand 8(2): 305-592. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.

Flora of the Cayman Islands

  • L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1006 (1753).

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Bernal, R., Galeano, G., Rodríguez, A., Sarmiento, H. & Gutiérrez, M. (2017). Nombres comunes de las plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Kew Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) https://www.kew.org/science/data-and-resources/tools-and-services/medicinal-plant-names-services in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Balakrishnan, N.P. & Chakrabarty, T. (2007). The family Euphorbiaceae in India. A synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography: 1-500. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Caminho, J., Mutemba, L., Matusse, E., Osborne, J., Wursten, B., Burrows, J., Cianciullo, S., Malatesta, L. & Attorre, F. (2022). An updated checklist of Mozambique’s vascular plants. PhytoKeys 189: 61-80.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
  • Dehgan, B. (2012). Flora Neotropica, Monograph 110: 1-273.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2016). Flora of North America North of Mexico 12: 1-603. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Florence, J. (1997). Flore de la Polynésie Française 1: 1-393. ORSTOM éditions, Paris.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae. Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.
  • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
  • Lautenschläger, T. & al (2020). New records for the flora of Angola: observations from Uíge and Cuanza Norte. Plant Ecology and Evolution 153: 132-142.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Leti, M., Hul, S., Fouché, J.-G., Cheng, S.K. & David, B. (2013). Flore photographique du Cambodge: 1-589. Éditions Privat, Toulouse.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée. Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Pasha, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Smith, A.C. (1981). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 2: 1-810. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
  • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
  • van Welzen, P.C. & Chayamarit, K. (2007). Flora of Thailand 8(2): 305-592. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Burkill HM. (1995). The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols. 1-3. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols 1-3.
  • Cámara-Leret, R., & Dennehy, Z. (2019). Information gaps in indigenous and local knowledge for science-policy assessments. Nature Sustainability 2:736-741.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (2015). Identificación de las plantas útiles como Productos Forestales No Maderables del Bosque seco-Tropical en tres ventanas del Caribe colombiano. 1386 registros, aportados por: Garcia, H. (Contacto del Recurso), López Camacho, R. (Creador del recurso), Sarmiento Bernal, C. (Proveedor del metadatos). Espitia Palenci, L. (Autor), Gallego, B. (Punto de contacto), Aguilar Cano, J. (Curador), Mendoza, H. (Curador). Versión 2.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=rrbb_bst-caribe_plantae_2015
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (2015). Listado de especies de Productos No Maderables del caribe colombiano. 366 registros, aportados por: Garcia, H. (Contacto del Recurso), López Camacho, R. (Creador del recurso), Espitia Palencia, L. (Proveedor del metadatos). Versión 2.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=le_bst-caribe_plantae_2015
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (2019). Lista de especies vedadas por la resolución 213 de 1977. 8256 especies. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=le_plantaspriorizadas_2019
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt. (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • PROTA (2021). Plants Resources of Tropical Africa. https://prota4u.org/database/
  • Plants for malaria, plants for fever: Medicinal species in Latin America, a bibliographic survey: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • RBG, Kew (ed.) (1999). Survey of Economic Plants for Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (SEPASAL) database. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London.
  • Ulian, T., Sacandé, M., Hudson, A., & Mattana, E. (2017). Conservation of indigenous plants to support community livelihoods: the MGU–Useful Plants Project. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 60:668-683.
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2013 I Made Maduarta (Pung) [IMM 89] Indonesia K000734520 No
Jan 1, 2012 Baker, C.F. [2279] Nicaragua K000813192 Yes
Jan 1, 2005 Pennington, T.D.; de la Cruz, J.F. [10541] Ecuador K000822548 Yes
Jan 1, 1995 Miller, J., S; Schmidt, H., H.; Welsing, A. [8480] Ghana K000254624 Yes
Jan 1, 1993 Kaz, V.; Jaramillo, J. [3417] Ecuador K000822220 Yes
Jan 1, 1993 Jongkind, C., C. H.; Noyes, R., D. [1270] Ghana K000254623 No
Jan 1, 1992 Allen, C. [169] Colombia K000822216 Yes
Jan 1, 1992 Greene [s.n.] Cuba K000813189 Yes
Jan 1, 1992 André, E.F. [125] Ecuador K000822546 Yes
Jan 1, 1992 Tate, R. [349(2)] Nicaragua K000813191 Yes
Jan 1, 1992 Harley, R.M. [21104] Brazil K000716428 Yes
Jan 1, 1992 Coulter, T. [1468] Mexico K000813190 Yes
Jan 1, 1992 Asplund, E. [14101] Peru K000822218 Yes
Jan 1, 1992 Lehmann [8786] Colombia K000822217 Yes
Jan 1, 1992 Stoffers, A.L. [42] K000822544 Yes
Jan 1, 1992 Steinbach, J. [8719] Bolivia K000822215 Yes
Jan 1, 1992 André, E.F. [s.n.] Ecuador K000822685 Yes
Jan 1, 1992 Badcock, W.J. [401] Bolivia K000716429 Yes
Jan 1, 1992 s.coll. [DPM 12] Guyana K001205907 Yes
Jan 1, 1988 Zarucchi, J.L.; Brant, A.E.; Castaño, C.J. [5467] Colombia K001501275 Yes
Jan 1, 1983 Michael Fay, J.; Ngaindiro, S.; Jules, F.; Raymond, S.; Remy, N. [4999] Central African Republic K000254649 Yes
Jan 1, 1983 Michael Fay, J.; Doka, J. [4998] Central African Republic K000254648 Yes
Jan 1, 1982 Plowman, T.; Schunke V., J. [11688] Peru K000822547 Yes
Jan 1, 1965 Belshaw, C.M. [3372] Peru K000822219 Yes
Frieslmann, F. [1597] Madagascar K000254877 Yes
Miquels [s.n.] Suriname K000822202 Yes
Glaziou, A. [22124] Brazil K001205898 Yes
Bullock, A.A. [2916] Zimbabwe K000776935 Yes
Tracey, Mrs. [458] Colombia K000822207 Yes
Dawodu, J., B. [s.n.] Nigeria K000254629 Yes
Burchell [9537] Brazil K001205896 Yes
Dalziel, J.M. [532] Sierra Leone K000254614 Yes
Linden, I. [107] Venezuela K000822199 Yes
Tonduz [17727] Costa Rica K000813187 Yes
Macquerys [825 (1.893-94)] Venezuela K000822545 Yes
Wit, P. [2244] Nigeria K000254631 Yes
Smith, H.H. [1412] Colombia K000822205 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [1691] Brazil K001205904 Yes
Klug, G. [3974] Peru K000822201 Yes
Heringer, E.P.; Filgueiras, T.S.; Mendonça, R.C.; Pereira, B.A.S.; Heringer Salles, A.E.; Chagas e Silva, F. [5778] Brazil K001205900 Yes
Gilli, A. [s.n.] Guatemala K000813193 Yes
Tonduz [7156] Costa Rica K000813183 Yes
Hatschbach, G. [42093] Brazil K001205897 Yes
Maas, P.J.M. [360] Brazil K001205905 Yes
Vogel [s.n.] K000254625 No
Hemming, F.C.; s.n. [s.n.] Mali K000254612 Yes
Eiten, G. [10134] Brazil K001205902 Yes
Michael Fay, J. [1705] Central African Republic K000254650 Yes
Raynal, J. [20974] Mali K000254622 Yes
Ruffo. [689] Tanzania K000776751 Yes
Pereira, E. [102] Brazil K001205906 Yes
Smith, R.; Pope; Goyder. [5855] Malawi K000776934 Yes
Wiehe, P.O. [149] K000776931 Yes
Lawrence, E. [220] K000776929 Yes
Meissner, Dr. [43] Mexico K000813185 Yes
Pedro, J.G. [4333] Mozambique K000776923 Yes
Pope, G.; Muller, Y. [1234] Mozambique K000776927 Yes
Glaziou, A. [3684] Brazil K001205894 Yes
Wiehe, P.O. [175] K000776930 Yes
Mori, S.A. [14228] Brazil K001205901 Yes
Silva, M.B. [184] Brazil K001205911 Yes
Spruce, R. [211] Brazil K001205909 Yes
Macedo, A. [3890] Brazil K001205893 Yes
Macuacua, L. [1499] Mozambique K000776928 Yes
Phillips [s.n.] Nigeria K000254628 Yes
Riedel [s.n.] Brazil K001205895 Yes
Latilo, M., G. [24434] Nigeria K000254630 Yes
Lemos, F., de; Balsinhas, A. [103] Mozambique K000776924 Yes
Anderson, D. [566] K000254620 Yes
Lovi, N., K. [4157] K000254626 Yes
Heipko, P.; Schultze-Motel, W. [290] Togo K000254615 Yes
Chase, N.C. [2709] Mozambique K000776922 Yes
Stork, H.E.; Horton, O.B. [8914] Costa Rica K000813184 Yes
Brummitt, R.K.; Polhill, R.M.; Patel, I.H. [15970] Malawi K000776933 Yes
Williams, L. [13249] Venezuela K000822197 Yes
Oste [1087] Cameroon K000254647 Yes
Blackmore, S.; Dudley, C.O.; Brummitt, R.K. [1309] Malawi K000776932 Yes
Hostmann [460] Suriname K001205910 Yes
Salzmann [s.n.] Brazil K001205908 Yes
Evans, M. [1776] K000254616 Yes
Ying, T. [2595] K000254605 Yes
Wild, H.; Barbosa, G. [5901] Mozambique K000776925 Yes
Dalziel, J.M. [942] K000254613 Yes
Leach.; Canmell. [14334] Mozambique K000776926 Yes
Pittier, H. [16594] Costa Rica K000813188 Yes
Mullins, B. [29] Peru K000822200 Yes
K:SPC-39258.000 No
Kalbteyer, W. [1222] Colombia K000822203 Yes
Burchell [9335] Brazil K001205899 Yes
Semann [619] Panama K000822206 Yes
Greenway. [2973] K000776750 Yes
Handover, W.P. [s.n.] Venezuela K000822198 Yes
Morong, T. [71] Paraguay K000822204 Yes
Ludovic, R.; Razafintsalama, L.J. [16] Madagascar K000254876 Yes
Mexia, Y. [4477] Brazil K001205903 Yes
Hakki, M.; Leuenberger, B.; Schiers, C. [29] Togo K000254627 Yes
Orper, F.R. [49910] Zimbabwe K000776936 Yes
Dacremont [166] Congo, Republic of the K000254652 Yes
Kinet, U. [275] Congo, Republic of the K000254651 Yes
Asplund, E. [14101] K000822218 Yes
Kaz, V.; Jaramillo, J. [3417] K000822220 Yes
Macquerys [825 (1.893-94)] K000822545 Yes
Plowman, T.; Schunke V., J. [11688] K000822547 Yes
Pennington, T.D.; de la Cruz, J.F. [10541] K000822548 Yes
André, E.F. [s.n.] K000822685 Yes
Colombia K000984700 Yes
Colombia K001501276 Yes
Ecuador K001501277 Yes

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of the Cayman Islands

    • Flora of the Cayman Islands
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/