Genus:
Calamus L.

Calamus guruba Buch.-Ham. ex Mart.

This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. India to Bangladesh.

[PW]
Distribution
India (North-central and North-east), Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand (East, South-east and Peninsular), Laos (South) and Peninsular Malaysia. Also probably Cambodia (Gagnepain & Conrard 1937).
Vernacular
wai deng (Lao Loum), wai kikai (Thailand).
Biology
In Laos, scrub forest, often by rivers, at 100 m. In Thailand, evergreen forest up to 750 m.
Conservation
Widespread and so probably of little concern, although Renuka (1999) notes that the Indian populations have declined considerably in recent years.

[PW]
Use
Cane used in handicrafts, trade potential unknown in Indochina but reported to be a highly sought-after species in West Bengal (Sarkar 1999). Shoot edible.

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, India

Calamus guruba Buch.-Ham. ex Mart. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2000 Kerr, A.F.G. [9414], Thailand K000525659 No
Jan 1, 2000 Helfer [6398], Burma K000521903 No
Jan 1, 2000 [Wallich] [s.n.], Burma K000525692 holotype Yes
Jan 1, 2000 Parker, R.N. [2483], Burma K000521900 No
Jan 1, 2000 Kerr, A.F.G. [9414A], Thailand K000525660 No
Jan 1, 2000 Kerr, A.F.G. [19811], Thailand K000525657 No
McClelland [s.n.E68], Burma K000521882 No
Phengkhlai, C. [663], Thailand K000525661 No
Jenkins, J.D. [s.n.E114] K000521914 No
Gamble [7768], Bangladesh K000521892 No
Hooker and Thompson [s.n. E117] K000521896 No
Keenan [s.n. E109], India K000521912 No
Cowan, J.M. [s.n. E110], India K000521913 No
Henderson, A. [3181], Myanmar K000208544 No
Helfer [6390], Burma K000521901 No
Haines, H.H. [5238], Burma K000521916 No
Hooker and Thompson [s.n. E117] K000521897 No
Maung BA PE [13057], Burma K000521921 No
Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E108], India K000521908 No
Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E108], India K000521909 No
McMillen, J.R. [s.n. E107], Burma K000521889 No
Gamble [7883], Bangladesh K000521894 No
Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E118], Bangladesh K000521898 No
Haines, H.H. [3686], Burma K000521879 No
Gamble [7768], Bangladesh K000521893 No
Griffith [s.n.E112], India K000521918 No
Gamble [324], India K000521911 No
Henderson, A. [3118], Myanmar K000208551 No
Gamble [6759], Bangladesh K000521891 No
Griffith [6383], India K000521917 No
Gamble [6759], Bangladesh K000521890 No
McClelland [s.n.E67], Burma K000521884 No
Maung BA PE [13057], Burma K000521920 No
Vogt, G.B. [BU56], Burma K000521925 No
Haines, H.H. [3686a], Burma K000521881 No
McMillen, J.R. [s.n. E107], Burma K000521888 No
Dransfield, J. [JD5458], Thailand K000525658 No
Gamble [324], India K000521910 No
unknown [540], India K000462311 No
Helfer [6396], Burma K000521886 No
McClelland [s.n.E67], Burma K000521883 No
Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E108], India K000521907 No
Mann, G. [s.n. E116], India K000521922 No
unknown [540], India K000462310 No
Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E118], Bangladesh K000521899 No
Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E111], India K000521904 No
Gamble [7883], Bangladesh K000521895 No
Helfer [6390], Burma K000521885 No
Mann, G. [s.n.E113], India K000521923 No
Helfer [6396], Burma K000521902 No
Mooney, H.F. [1364], India K000521887 No
Maung BA PE [13057], Burma K000521919 No
Haines, H.H. [5238], Burma K000521915 No
Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E108], India K000521906 No
Khamphone [411], Laos K000114557 No
Haines, H.H. [3686], Burma K000521880 No
Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E111], India K000521905 No
Hooker [8614], India K000521924 No

First published in Hist. Nat. Palm. 3: 211 (1838)

Accepted by

  • Barfod, A.S. & Dransfield, J. (2013). Flora of Thailand 11(3): 323-498. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
  • Bhattacharya, R.P., Pal, D.C. & Pati, B.R. (2014). A sytematic census of monocot climbers of Bihar anf Jharkhand states Indian Journal of Forestry 37: 317-324.
  • Devi, S.P. & Singh, P.K. (2007). Rattan of Manipur: tree new records for the state Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 31: 460-463.
  • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Henderson, A. (2009). Palms of Southern Asia: 1-197. Princeton university press, Princeton and Oxford.
  • Peters, C.M. & Henderson, A. (2014). Systematics, ecology and management of Rattans in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam: 1-222. Agricultural Printing House.

Literature

Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

  • T. Evans, A Synopsis of the Rattans (Arecaceae: Calamoideae) of Laos and Neighbouring Parts of Indochina. 2002

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0