Genus:
Carthamus L.

Carthamus tinctorius L.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & E. Turkey to Iran. It is used as animal food, a medicine and invertebrate food, has environmental uses and for food.

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
alazor, azafrán bastardo, azafrancillo, cártamo

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, 0.4–1.3 m high; stem white, glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate to lanceolate, 3–10 cm long, sessile, with entire to spiny-serrate margin
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Capitula 2.5–3 cm long; outer phyllaries resembling the leaves; innermost phyllaries entire, acuminate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets yellow, orange or red
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes 6–10 mm long; pappus ± 5 mm long or absent.
Distribution
Grown at least in S3.
Vernacular
Astur (Somali), safflower (English).
Note
Native of south-western Asia

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 1300–2560 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Bogotá DC, Cundinamarca, Tolima.
Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: artificial - terrestrial.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 1350 - 2800 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba

[FSOM]
Use
Formerly cultivated for its red and yellow pigments, now mainly for the oil-producing achenes.

[UPFC]
Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Invertebrate Food
Used as invertebrate food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Native to:

Iran, Turkey

Introduced into:

Afghanistan, Alberta, Algeria, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Assam, Austria, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belgium, Borneo, British Columbia, Bulgaria, California, Cambodia, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Colorado, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hainan, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Korea, Krym, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Madeira, Malaya, Maluku, Manchuria, Massachusetts, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Ohio, Oman, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qinghai, Queensland, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, South Australia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tasmania, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Victoria, Vietnam, Washington, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zimbabwe

Carthamus tinctorius L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Mooney [5108], Ethiopia 16267.000
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2959] K001118278
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2959], India K001118276
Murray, R.P. [s.n.], Canary Is. K001091204
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2959], Bangladesh K001118277

First published in Sp. Pl.: 830 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Adolphy, K. & al. (2021). Beiträge zur Flora Nordhein-Westfalens aus dem Jahr 2020 Jahrbuch des Bochumer Botanischen Vereins 12: 199-278.
  • Ali, S.I. & Qaiser, M. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Pakistan 223: 1-363. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Bobrov, E.G. & S.K. Czerepanov (eds.) (1963). Compositae. Tribes Cynareae and Mutisieae Flora of the USSR 28: 1-651. Science Publishers, Inc.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2006). Asteraceae, part 1 Flora of North America North of Mexico 19: 1-579. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • GCC in GCC (2011). Global Compositae Checklist Global Compositae Checklist http://compositae.landcareresearch.co.nz/.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A., Edmondson, J.R. & Hind, D.J.N. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Iraq 6: 1-458. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Ling, Y. & C.Shih in Ling, Y. Et Ge, X. (1987). Compositae. Echinopsidae. Cynareae Flora Reiublicae Popularis Sinicae 78(1): 1-230. Science Press.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2011). Asteraceae Flora of China 20-21: 1-992. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Adolphy, K. & al. (2021). Beiträge zur Flora Nordhein-Westfalens aus dem Jahr 2020 Jahrbuch des Bochumer Botanischen Vereins 12: 199-278.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2006). Asteraceae, Part 1 Flora of North America North of Mexico 19(1): 1-579. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • GCC in GCC (2011). Global Compositae Checklist Global Compositae Checklist http://compositae.landcareresearch.co.nz/.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A., Edmondson, J.R. & Hind, D.J.N. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Iraq 6: 1-458. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Pruski, J.F. (ed.) (2018). Flora Mesoamericana 5(2): 1-608. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2011). Asteraceae Flora of China 20-21: 1-992. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by H. Beentje [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Dempewolf, H., Eastwood, R. J., Guarino, L., Khoury, C. K., Müller, J. V. & Toll, J. (2014). Adapting agriculture to climate change: a global initiative to collect, conserve, and use crop wild relatives. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 38, 369-377.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • Jansen, P., Lemmens, R., Oyen, L., Siemonsma, J., Stavast, F. & Van Valkenburg, J. (1991) Plant Resources of South-East Asia. Basic list of species and commodity grouping. Final version. Pudoc, Wageningen.
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • PROTA (2021). Plants Resources of Tropical Africa. https://prota4u.org/database/
  • RBG, Kew (2021). Kew Economic Botany Collection. https://ecbot.science.kew.org/
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0