Genus:
Bergia L.

Bergia suffruticosa (Delile) Fenzl

This species is accepted, and its native range is Senegal to Arabian Peninsula, Pakistan to W. India.

[FTEA]

Elatinaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Aromatic woody-based spreading shrublet with numerous opposite branchlets, the erect shoots 5–20(–60) cm. tall; plant at first densely shortly hispid, the older stems at length almost glabrous with the bark papery and peeling in rust-coloured flakes.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or pseudo-verticillate, usually rather thick, sessile or shortly petiolate; blade elliptic or oblanceolate, 0.2–3 cm. long, 0.1–1 cm. wide, obtuse to acute at the apex, cuneate, crenate or serrate, usually markedly so, margins sometimes revolute, mostly densely scabrid-pubescent, sometimes glandular; petiole 0–3 mm. long; stipules linear or lanceolate, 1.5–2.5 mm. long, mostly not membranous, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 5-merous, solitary or in 2–8-flowered fascicles; pedicels 1–5 mm. long, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals ovate, 2.5–5 mm. long, acute to distinctly acuminate, keeled, pubescent, usually with membranous margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals obovate-oblong, ± equalling the sepals, 3–4 mm. long, 1.2–2 mm. wide, obtuse, white to pinkish-mauve, thin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10, nearly equal or alternately shorter, those opposite the sepals often dilated below.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary ovoid, 5-sulcate; style 1–1.2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule pinkish, ovoid, 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong-ellipsoid, dark brown to black, shining, 0.5–0.6 mm. long, faintly reticulate.
Figures
Fig. 1/9, p. 2.
Habitat
Hard seasonally wet pans with Sphaeranthus, Glinus, Lawsonia, Aerva, etc.; 100–750 m.
Distribution
K1 K7 Senegal and Mauritania to Egypt, Sudan Republic, Arabia, W. Pakistan and western India

[FWTA]

Elatinaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
A heath-like undershrub, often covering large patches of ground
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers with stamens and ovary often pink, frequented by bees.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Spreading shrublet, aromatic, up to 60 cm tall, young parts usually hairy
Morphology Leaves
Leaves elliptic or oblanceolate, 2–30 x 1–10 mm, crenate, sometimes with revolute margins; stipules 1.5–2.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers solitary or in small axillary fascicles; pedicels 1–5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals ovate, acute to acuminate, 2.5–5 mm long, keeled, medially usually pubescent, with membranous margins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals about as long as sepals, obovate, white to pink
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary ovoid; styles c. 1 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid; seeds 0.5–0.6 mm long, faintly reticulate.
Distribution
C1, 2; S3 Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Egypt to Senegal and Mauritania, Arabia, Pakistan, W India.
Ecology
Altitude range c. 50–300 m.
Vernacular
Daremo (Somali).

Native to:

Algeria, Burkina, Chad, Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Pakistan, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

Bergia suffruticosa (Delile) Fenzl appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Edgeworth, M.P. [148], India Bergia odorata K000677001

First published in Denkschr. Bayer. Bot. Ges. Regensburg 3: 183 (1841)

Accepted by

  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Chev. Fl. Viv. 1: 300.
  • —F.T.A. 1: 153

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Engl., Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(2): 525, fig. 237/A–J (1921).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 83, fig. 56 (1950).
  • Fenzl in Denkschr. Bot. Gesell. 3: 183 (1841).
  • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 127, fig. 45 (1954).
  • Niedenzu in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien 21: 274, t. 119/A–J (1925).
  • Oliv., Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 153 (1868).

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0