Family:
Rubiaceae Juss.

Psychotria L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

[FZ]

Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:1. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Mostly shrubs but less often trees, lianes or subshrubs, some even ± herbaceous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, petiolate, frequently drying reddish-brown in colour, either with domatia or with bacterial nodules, the former mostly in the main nerve-axils but the latter either scattered throughout the lamina or variously restricted, sometimes only a very few at the base of the midrib beneath; less often neither domatia nor bacterial nodules are present; stipules either entire or variously fimbriated, usually deciduous; colleters present.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers mostly small, sessile or pedicellate, 4–5-merous, hermaphrodite, heterostylous, in terminal or axillary (in some American species) capitate or paniculate inflorescences; bracts and bracteoles small or large, variously placed, sometimes one bract subtending 2 or 3 flowers or only 1 flower or absent; often there is an involucre of bracts (sometimes large) and in some groups (particularly those previously considered to be worth recognising as Cephaelis) united and surrounding the whole inflorescence.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx limb usually a short tube with mostly minute or less often shortly linear or ovate lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tube mostly shortly cylindric, hairy at the throat save in a few species; lobes always valvate, often thickened at the apex, sometimes with little projections which show as small horns in bud.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with long filaments in short-styled flowers and shorter filaments in long-styled flowers, mostly inserted about the middle of the tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 2 (rarely 3–4)-locular, each locule containing a single erect ovule; style filiform, long or short with 2 (rarely 3–4) linear stigmas; disk small, surrounding the base of the style.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a drupe, very often red or in bracteate species often blue or black, with 1 -2( rarely 3 or 4) pyrenes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds mostly semi-ellipsoid with plane ventral face and convex dorsal face; testa usually reddish-brown; endosperm horny, entire, strongly ruminate or with a variously shaped median ventral fissure.

[FTEA]

Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

Morphology General Habit
Mostly shrubs but less often trees, lianes or subshrubs, some even ± herbaceous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, petiolate, frequently drying reddish-brown in colour, either with domatia or with bacterial nodules the former mostly in the main nerve-axils but the latter either scattered throughout the lamina or variously restricted, sometimes only a very few at the base of the midrib beneath; less often neither domatia nor bacterial nodules are present; stipules either entire or variously fimbriated, usually deciduous; colleters present
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers mostly small, sessile or pedicellate, 4–5-merous, hermaphrodite, heterostylous in terminal or axillary (in some American species) capitate or paniculate inflorescences; bracts and bracteoles small or large, variously placed, sometimes one bract subtending 2 or 3 flowers or only 1 flower or absent; often there is an involucre of bracts (sometimes large) and in some groups (particularly those previously considered to be worth recognising as Cephaelis) united and surrounding the whole inflorescence
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-limb usually a short tube with mostly minute or less often shortly linear or ovate lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla-tube mostly shortly cylindric, hairy at the throat save in a few species; lobes always valvate, often thickened at the apex, sometimes with little projections which show as small horns in bud
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with long filaments in short-styled flowers and shorter filaments in long-styled flowers, mostly inserted about the middle of the tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 2(rarely –3–4)-locular, each locule containing a single erect ovule; style filiform, long or short with 2 (rarely 3–4) linear stigmas; disc small, surrounding the base of the style
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a drupe, very often red or in bracteate species often blue or black, with 1–2 (rarely 3 or 4) pyrenes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds mostly 1/2-ellipsoid with plane ventral face and convex dorsal face; testa usually reddish brown; endosperm horny, entire, strongly ruminate or with a variously shaped median ventral fissure.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Mostly shrubs or small trees
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, usually either with domatia in the main nerve-axils or with ± scattered bacterial nodules; stipules usually deciduous, entire or divided
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers heterostylous, 4–5-merous, in paniculate or capitate inflorescences
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes mostly minute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla-tube mostly shortly cylindrical, hairy at throat; lobes valvate in bud
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary mostly 2-celled, with 1 erect ovule in each cell; style filiform with usually 2 stigma-lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a drupe with 1–2 stones
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds often reddish.
Distribution
Pantropical genus with more than 1500 described species.

Native to:

Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Somalia, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Western Australia, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Extinct in:

Rodrigues

Psychotria L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2017 Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8382], Myanmar K001125359 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Porter, G. [Cat. no. 8348 a], Malaysia K001125290 Yes
Jan 1, 2014 Simaga [09723], Papua New Guinea K000771807 No
Jan 1, 2014 Johns [11207], Papua New Guinea K000771814 No
Jan 1, 2014 Johns [11004], Papua New Guinea K000771822 No
Jan 1, 2014 Johns [12595], Papua New Guinea K000771828 No
Jan 1, 2012 Sakagawa, S. et al. [582], Brazil K000771791 Yes
Aug 19, 2011 Kollmann [4573], Brazil K000771086 Yes
Aug 19, 2011 Kollmann [4793], Brazil K000771085 Yes
Aug 19, 2011 Boone [397], Brazil K000771140 Yes
Jan 1, 2011 Du, N.V. et al. [HNK 2259], Vietnam K000174746 No
Jan 1, 2011 Prance, G.T. [1529], Brazil K001200725 Yes
Jan 1, 2010 Rafidah [FRI 51799], Malaysia K000174544 No
Jan 1, 2010 Girmansyah [Deden 967], Indonesia K000174543 No
Jan 1, 2010 Rena [S.60983], Sarawak K000174555 No
Jan 1, 2010 Yii [S.58821], Sarawak K000174552 No
Jan 1, 2010 Yii [S.58824], Sarawak K000174559 No
Jan 1, 2010 Damas, D. et al. [LAE 88247], Papua New Guinea K000174572 No
Jan 1, 2010 Joseph B. et al. [120893], Sabah K000174577 No
Feb 1, 2009 Maurin, O. [131], Madagascar 77740.000 No
Jan 1, 2009 Kollmann, L. [5853], Brazil K001200576 Yes
Jan 1, 2008 Zapfack, L. [901], Cameroon K000437285 No
Aug 1, 2007 Etuge, M. [4340], Cameroon K000025826 No
Nov 14, 2002 Davis, A.P. [1053], Madagascar 62611.000 No
Nov 14, 2002 Davis, A.P. [1135], Madagascar 62616.000 No
Nov 13, 2002 Barhidi, A. [87056], Tanzania 62604.000 No
Nov 13, 2002 Davis, A.P. [1130], Madagascar 62605.000 No
Jan 1, 2002 Glaziou, A.F.M. [10934], Brazil K001200753 Yes
Jan 11, 1985 Blackmore, S. [1480], Malawi K000318521 Yes
Jan 11, 1985 Richards, H.M. [16728], Malawi K000318522 Yes
May 1, 1974 Greenway, P.J. [11901], Tanzania K000318518 No
Jan 1, 1961 Seemann, B. [304], Fiji K000777571 Unknown type material Yes
Drummond, R.B. [1574], Tanzania 21993.000 No
Gregory, H., Cameroon 22127.000 No
McWhirter, J. [92], Madagascar 32207.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [2847], Zambia 35171.000 No
Keay, R.W.J. [37208], Nigeria 35225.000 No
Starin, E.D. [8], Gambia 40493.000 No
Brenan [8518A], Nigeria 41504.000 No
Wood, G.H.S. [614], Uganda 4721.000 No
Davis, A.P. [557], Indonesia 59613.000 No
Harley, R.M., Brazil 60222.000 No
Davis, A.P. [2184], Madagascar 61294.000 No
Davis, A.P. [1047], Madagascar 61811.000 No
Davis, A.P. [1014], Madagascar 61816.000 No
Davis, A.P. [1046], Madagascar 61817.000 No
Davis, A.P. [2599], Madagascar 62000.000 No
Davis, A.P. [2603], Madagascar 62002.000 No
Davis, A.P. [2258], Madagascar 63910.000 No
Tanner, R. [511], Tanzania 923.000 No
Triono, T. [141], Indonesia 70087.000 No
Puradyatmika, P. [10440], New Guinea 70586.000 No
Edwards, P.J. [4052], New Guinea 70598.000 No
Davis, A.P. [1084], Madagascar 71564.000 No
Davis, A.P. [1092], Madagascar 71565.000 No
Willis, F.R. [84], Indonesia 71476.000 No
Willis, F.R. [90], Indonesia 72282.000 No
Rico, L. [1986], Dominican Republic K000478759 No
Davis, A.P. [3081], Madagascar 76217.000 No
Kwangue, A. [108], Cameroon K000085347 No
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8355], Singapore K001125284 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8359], India K001125305 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8363], India K001125325 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8369] K001125333 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8375], Malaysia K001125341 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8378] K001125347 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8378] K001125348 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8386] K001125366 Yes
Carvalho, F.A. [s.n.], Brazil K001200535 Yes
Kollmann, L. [899], Brazil K001200545 Yes
Fernandes, H.Q.B. [1834], Brazil K001200550 Yes
Vieira, R.F. [1612], Brazil K001200565 Yes
Assis, M.C. [109], Brazil K001200569 Yes
Trail, J.W.H. [432], Brazil K001200578 Yes
Silva, A.S. [237], Brazil K001200582 Yes
Usteri, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001200583 Yes
Miers, J. [3187], Brazil K001200587 Yes
Plowman, T. [12688], Brazil K001200590 Yes
Costa, C.B. [347], Brazil K001200602 Yes
Kollmann, L. [1461], Brazil K001200611 Yes
Kollmann, L. [880], Brazil K001200615 Yes
Boone, W. [302], Brazil K001200619 Yes
Vervloet, R.R. [1449], Brazil K001200634 Yes
Demuner, V. [1444], Brazil K001200641 Yes
Lopes, W.P. [688], Brazil K001200657 Yes
Fernandes, H.Q.B. [1701], Brazil K001200666 Yes
Kollmann, L. [10409], Brazil K001200669 Yes
Kollmann, L. [10642], Brazil K001200693 Yes
Kollmann, L. [7500], Brazil K001200699 Yes
Vimercat, J.M. [285], Brazil K001200701 Yes
Kollmann, L. [6259], Brazil K001200704 Yes
Kollmann, L. [6537], Brazil K001200705 Yes
Folli, D.A. [5698], Brazil K001200716 Yes
Maas, P.J. [12697], Brazil K001200730 Yes
Spruce [3439], Venezuela K001200737 Yes
Irwin, H.S. [21462], Brazil K001200748 Yes
Mathias, M.E. [5470], Peru K001200752 Yes
Queiroz, L.P. [5552], Brazil K001200539 Yes
Assis, M.C. [241], Brazil K001200595 Yes
Kollmann, L. [3818], Brazil K001200690 Yes
Walter, B.M.T. [798], Brazil K001200572 Yes
Kollmann, L. [2033], Brazil K001200607 Yes
Vervloet, R.R. [124], Brazil K001212210 Yes
Kollmann, L. [1415], Brazil K001200664 Yes
Tchiengue, B. [2616], Cameroon 75953.000 No
Forzza, R.C. [2782], Brazil K001200552 Yes
Assis, M.C. [192], Brazil K001200741 Yes
Prance, G.T. [8322], Brazil K001200750 Yes
Fernandes, H.Q.B. [1873], Brazil K001200606 Yes
Kollmann, L. [6606], Brazil K001200655 Yes
Kollmann, L. [1261], Brazil K001200707 Yes
Mello-Silva, R. [2449], Brazil K001200543 Yes
Spruce, R. [2640], Brazil K001200738 Yes
Zartman, C.E. [7085], Brazil K001200597 Yes
Kollmann, L. [5834], Brazil K001200659 Yes
Forzza, R.C. [5077], Brazil K001200695 Yes
Bausen, E. [95], Brazil K001200645 Yes
Kollmann, L. [2040], Brazil K001200614 Yes
Kollmann, L. [6864], Brazil K001200678 Yes
Forzza, R.C. [2836], Brazil K001200719 Yes
Kollmann, L. [9516], Brazil K001200667 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8365] K001125329 Yes
Walter, B.M.T. [2046], Brazil K001200559 Yes
Carvalho-Sobrinho, J.G. [1408], Brazil K001200534 Yes
Mello-Silva, R. [2447], Brazil K001200542 Yes
Nunes, T.S. [225], Brazil K001200540 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8372], Myanmar K001125338 Yes
Boone, W. [391], Brazil K001200662 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8378] K001125346 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8339] K001125273 Yes
Assis, M.C. [96], Brazil K001200561 Yes
Kollmann, L. [827], Brazil K001200616 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8351], India K001125298 Yes
Bamps, P. [5347], Brazil K001200751 Yes
Vervloet, R.R. [533], Brazil K001200551 Yes
Pizziolo, R.M. [69], Brazil K001200697 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8348], Singapore K001125291 Yes
Kollmann, L. [758], Brazil K001200665 Yes
Delprete, P.G. [10545], Brazil K001200747 Yes
Pollard, B.J. [556], Cameroon 76132.000 No
Demuner, V. [357], Brazil K001200630 Yes
Vieira, R.F. [1738], Brazil K001200574 Yes
Demuner, V. [452], Brazil K001200626 Yes
Fernandes, H.Q.B. [2501], Brazil K001200628 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8338], Singapore K001125272 Yes
Walter, B.M.T. [2001], Brazil K001200568 Yes
Kollmann, L. [1099], Brazil K001200609 Yes
Hoffmann, W.A. [61], Brazil K001200692 Yes
Boone, W. [985], Brazil K001200651 Yes
Kollmann, L. [5740], Brazil K001200700 Yes
Kollmann, L. [5948], Brazil K001200649 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [5989], Brazil K001200586 Yes
Fernandes, H.Q.B. [1635], Brazil K001200643 Yes
Kollmann, L. [7484], Brazil K001200681 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8384] K001125363 Yes
Prance, G.T. [13463], Brazil K001200724 Yes
Calió, M.F.A. [81], Brazil K001200742 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8362] K001125319 Yes
Ivanauskas, N.M. [131], Brazil K001200553 Yes
Hoffmann, W.A. [58], Brazil K001200618 Yes
Walter, B. [1059], Brazil K001200571 Yes
Kollmann, L. [1808], Brazil K001200691 Yes
Prance, G.T. [10307], Brazil K001200745 Yes
Kollmann, L. [6382], Brazil K001200646 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8356] K001125302 Yes
Kollmann, L. [979], Brazil K001200658 Yes
Folli, D.A. [5889], Brazil K001200594 Yes
Kollmann, L. [6021], Brazil K001200722 Yes
Zartman, C. [6255], Brazil K001200596 Yes
Assis, M.C. [152], Brazil K001200566 Yes
Santos, M.F. [s.n.], Brazil K001200639 Yes
Vásquez, R. [4729], Peru K001212214 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8342], Singapore K001125277 Yes
Krausem, V. [s.n.], Brazil K001200654 Yes
Chapman, J.D. [7349], Malawi K000318520 Yes
Kollmann, L. [340], Brazil K001200636 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8361] K001125314 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8388] K001125368 Yes
Demuner, V. [4680], Brazil K001200548 Yes
Kollmann, L. [2967], Brazil K001200629 Yes
Kollmann, L. [7292], Brazil K001200575 Yes
Boone, W. [580], Brazil K001200622 Yes
Assis, M.C. [98], Brazil K001200562 Yes
Assis, M.C. [228], Brazil K001200554 Yes
Cavalcanti, T.B. [1817], Brazil K001200555 Yes
Kollmann, L. [1027], Brazil K001200625 Yes
Kollmann, L. [7986], Brazil K001200684 Yes
Assis, M.C. [101], Brazil K001200557 Yes
Kollmann, L. [1634], Brazil K001200638 Yes
Santos, M.F. [566], Brazil K001200710 Yes
Spruce, R. [4203+], Peru K000006627 Yes
Bowie, J. [s.n.], Brazil K001200723 Yes
Boudet Fernandes, H.Q. [1695], Brazil K001200608 Yes
Kollmann, L. [8308], Brazil K001200648 Yes
Lima, H.C. [2240], Brazil K001200746 Yes
Kollmann, L. [1911], Brazil K001200617 Yes
Kollmann, L. [7594], Brazil K001200671 Yes
Fontana, A.P. [1027], Brazil K001200698 Yes
Silva Neto, S.J. [1883], Brazil K001212216 Yes
Kollmann, L. [2064], Brazil K001200680 Yes
Kollmann, L. [6351], Brazil K001200577 Yes
Kollmann, L. [6076], Brazil K001200683 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8366] K001125330 Yes
Silva, G.P. [1273], Brazil K001200740 Yes
Ndam, N. [777], Cameroon K000085538 No
Kollmann, L. [1787], Brazil K001200546 Yes
Reitz, P.R. [3868], Brazil K001200726 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8357], India K001125303 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8361] K001125315 Yes
França, F. [2469], Brazil K001200541 Yes
Reitz [9251], Brazil K001200588 Yes
Fernandes, H.Q.B. [1681], Brazil K001200709 Yes
Piziolo, W. [218], Brazil K001200627 Yes
Forzza, R.C. [5003], Brazil K001200644 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8346] K001125281 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8352], India K001125299 Yes
Vimercat, J.M. [90], Brazil K001200632 Yes
Christenhusz, M.J.M., Kamau, P., Mbale, M. [6639], Kenya K000696641 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132361 Yes
Noton, E. [Cat. no. 8377], India K001125344 Yes
Zappi, D. [423], Brazil K001200656 Yes
Mitchell [Cat. no. 8390] K001125371 Yes
Akogo, M. [17], Cameroon K000085529 No
Nakajima, J.N. [1500], Brazil K001200544 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132362 Yes
Farias, G.L. [284], Brazil K001200713 Yes
Piziolo, W. [190], Brazil K001200702 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8381], Singapore K001125356 Yes
Boone, W. [866], Brazil K001200613 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8378] K001125345 Yes
Sonké, B. [1175], Cameroon K000436997 No
Demuner, V. [1351], Brazil K001200642 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8340] K001125275 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8379], India K001125349 Yes
Prance, G.T. [4869], Brazil K001200755 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8337] K001125271 Yes
Maguire, B. [24905], Suriname K001212215 Yes
Boone, W. [1007], Brazil K001200640 Yes
Spruce [3334], Venezuela K001200733 Yes
Vervloet, R.R. [1634], Brazil K001200687 Yes
Britto, R.C. [181], Brazil K001200663 Yes
Kollmann, L. [6749], Brazil K001200696 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8385], Malaysia K001125365 Yes
Cavalcanti, T.B. [1100], Brazil K001200556 Yes
Boone, W. [827], Brazil K001200672 Yes
Hill, S.R. [12782], Brazil K001200756 Yes
Fernandes, H.Q.B. [1875], Brazil K001200549 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8358], India K001125304 Yes
Fontana, A.P. [897], Brazil K001200652 Yes
Pizziolo [228], Brazil K001200676 Yes
Eiten, G. [5231], Brazil K001200727 Yes
Prance, G.T. [8226], Brazil K001200744 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8341] K001125276 Yes
Spruce, R. [3214], Venezuela K001200734 Yes
Demuner, V. [29], Brazil K001200610 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8373], Myanmar K001125339 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8363] K001125321 Yes
Berg, C.C. [s.n.], Brazil K001200581 Yes
Ehrendorfer, F. [s.n.], Brazil K001200592 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8376], Malaysia K001125342 Yes
Cavalcanti, T.S. [1102], Brazil K001200711 Yes
Kollmann, L. [1360], Brazil K001200694 Yes
Zappi, D. [475], Brazil K001200720 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8363] K001125323 Yes
Kollmann, L. [1085], Brazil K001200605 Yes
Toledo, C.B. [174], Brazil K001200538 Yes
Kollmann, L. [4557], Brazil K001200679 Yes
Kollmann, L. [6762], Brazil K001200703 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8363] K001125322 Yes
Fraga, C.N. [3175], Brazil K001200593 Yes
Folli, D.A. [2520], Brazil K001200714 Yes
Zartman, C. [6185], Brazil K001200600 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8371], Myanmar K001125337 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8390] K001125370 Yes
Stancik, J.F. et al. [458], Brazil K000771421 No
Kollmann, L. [9298], Brazil K001200685 Yes
Vieira, R.F. [1746], Brazil K001200570 Yes
Vieira, R.F. [163], Brazil K001200567 Yes
Kollmann, L. [2133], Brazil K001200637 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], Guyana K001200547 Yes
Fontana, A.P. [312], Brazil K001200674 Yes
Kollmann, L. [7793], Brazil K001212230 Yes
Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [785], Cameroon K000085535 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8362] K001125318 Yes
Assis, M.C. [108], Brazil K001200564 Yes
Kollmann, L. [3982], Brazil K001200604 Yes
Vimercat, J.M. [138], Brazil K001200677 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8361] K001125316 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8381], Singapore K001125355 Yes
Silva, A.S. [252], Brazil K001200736 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8382], Singapore K001125357 Yes
Kollmann, L. [1047], Brazil K001200708 Yes
Kollmann, L. [5065], Brazil K001200682 Yes
Kollmann, L. [1404], Brazil K001200661 Yes
Silva, G.P. [1272], Brazil K001200739 Yes
Prance, G.T. [5029], Brazil K001200589 Yes
Cardoso, D. [668], Brazil K001200601 Yes
Noton, E. [Cat. no. 8350], India K001125297 Yes
Kollmann, L. [1627], Brazil K001200647 Yes
Kollmann, L. [5897], Brazil K001200650 Yes
Assis, M.C. [181], Brazil K001200743 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8332], Singapore K001125263 Yes
Demuner, V. [436], Brazil K001212218 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8368], Singapore K001125332 Yes
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8382], Myanmar K001125358 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8387], Myanmar K001125367 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8389], Singapore K001125369 Yes
Preston, T.A. [s.n.], Brazil K001200579 Yes
Vimercat, J.M. [281], Brazil K001200633 Yes
Bassini, F. [s.n.], Brazil K001200536 Yes
Piziolo, R.M. [81], Brazil K001200673 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132363 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8361] K001125317 Yes
Assis, M.C. [160], Brazil K001200563 Yes
Kollmann, L. [6542], Brazil K001200660 Yes
Prance, G.T. [5402], Brazil K001200754 Yes
Hill, S.R. [12790], Brazil K001200729 Yes
Kollmann, L. [6330], Brazil K001200668 Yes
Carvalho-Sobrinho, J.G. [1497], Brazil K001200598 Yes
Vervloet, R.R. [426], Brazil K001200635 Yes
Prance, G.T. [16348], Brazil K001200731 Yes
Eiten, G. [5242], Brazil K001200735 Yes
Piziolo, W. [131], Brazil K001200670 Yes
Fernandes, H.Q.B. [1672], Brazil K001200623 Yes
Silva, A.S. [261], Brazil K001200580 Yes
Kollmann, L. [5949], Brazil K001200653 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8367] K001125331 Yes
Lorenzoni, D. [3], Brazil K001200631 Yes
Chapman, J.D. [8445], Malawi K000318519 No
Ehrendorfer, F. [s.n.], Brazil K001200585 Yes
Boone, W. [951], Brazil K001200686 Yes
Kollmann, L. [1333], Brazil K001200624 Yes
Kollmann, L. [607], Brazil K001200620 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8384], Myanmar K001125364 Yes
Walter, B.M.T. [830], Brazil K001200573 Yes
Hoehne [4502], Brazil K000005120 No
Usteri, P.A. [110], Brazil K001200584 Yes
Cheek, M. [5076], Cameroon K000085526 No
Rico, L. [1983], Dominican Republic K000478753 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8363] K001125320 Yes
Moraes, A.C. [73], Brazil K001200603 Yes
Assis, M.C. [184], Brazil K001200712 Yes
Rico, L. [1318], Bolivia K000295140 No
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8337] K001125270 Yes
Kollmann, L. [1131], Brazil K001200621 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001200675 Yes
Zappi, D. [401], Brazil K001200721 Yes
Noton, E. [Cat. no. 8377], India K001125343 Yes
Souza, V.C. [32489], Brazil K001200717 Yes
Nguembock, F. [32c], Cameroon K000085553 No
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8339] K001125274 Yes
Kollmann, L. [4172], Brazil K001200612 Yes
Prance, G.T. [10587], Brazil K001200732 Yes
Hill, S.R. [13111], Brazil K001200591 Yes
Silva Neto, S.J. [1622], Brazil K001200728 Yes
Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [759], Cameroon K000085536 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8363] K001125324 Yes
Zartman, C.E. [7111], Brazil K001200599 Yes
Jack, W. [Cat. no. 8343], Malaysia K001125278 Yes
Kollmann, L. [7494], Brazil K001200688 Yes
Boone, W. [492], Brazil K001200689 Yes
Folli, D.A. [5892], Brazil K001200718 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8346] K001125285 Yes
Assis, M.C. [159], Brazil K001200558 Yes
Kollmann, L. [8409], Brazil K001200560 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8345], India K001125280 Yes
Kollmann, L. [1754], Brazil K001200706 Yes
Folli, D.A. [6075], Brazil K001200715 Yes
Skorupa, L.A. [818], Brazil K001200537 Yes
Pires, M.J. [2025], Brazil K001200749 Yes
Milne-Redhead, E. [9106], Tanzania Uragoga 28488.000 No
Drummond, R.B. [1839], Tanzania Uragoga 8583.000 No
Andrews, F.W. [1594], Sudan Uragoga 946.000 No
Davis, A.P. [2540], Madagascar Cremocarpon 61991.000 No
Davis, A.P. [2577], Madagascar Cremocarpon 61997.000 No
Davis, A.P. [2156], Madagascar Cremocarpon 63998.000 No
Coode, M. [4877], Mauritius Psathura 34316.000 No
Richardson, I. [4038], Mauritius Psathura 40023.000 No
Davis, A.P. [1088], Madagascar Psathura 61800.000 No
Davis, A.P. [2270], Madagascar Psathura 63906.000 No
Davis, A.P. [2594], Madagascar Apomuria 64151.000 No
Davis, A.P. [2524], Madagascar Mapouria 61985.000 No
Davis, A.P. [2505], Madagascar Mapouria 61994.000 No
Davis, A.P. [2211], Madagascar Mapouria 63721.000 No
Davis, A.P. [2272], Madagascar Mapouria 63907.000 No
Davis, A.P. [1051], Madagascar Mapouria 62450.000 No
Davis, A.P. [1146], Madagascar Mapouria 62462.000 No
Davis, A.P. [1072], Madagascar Mapouria 70122.000 No
Davis, A.P. [2271], Madagascar Mapouria 70123.000 No
Davis, A.P. [1062], Madagascar Mapouria 62469.000 No
White, F. [3126], Zambia Grumilea 12192.000 No
Drummond, R.B. [3951], Kenya Grumilea 5023.000 No
Chancellor, R.J. [302], Uganda Grumilea 878.000 No

First published in Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 929 (1759)

Accepted by

  • Delprete, P.G. & Cortés-B., R. (2006 publ. 2007). A synopsis of the Rubiaceae of the states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, with a key to genera, and a preliminary species list. Revista de Biologia Neotropical 3: 13-96.
  • Delprete, P.G. (2010). Rubiaceae. Flora dos estados de Goiás e Tocantins 40: 1-1610. Universidade Federal de Goiás.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Ruhsam, M., Govaerts, R. & Davis, A.P. (2008). Nomenclatural changes in preparation for a World Rubiaceae Checklist. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 157: 115-124.
  • Sant'Ana Melhem, T., das Graças Lapa Wanderley, M., Ehlin Martins, S., Jung-Mendaçolli, S.L., Shepherd, G.J. & Kirizawa, M. (eds.) (2007). Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo 5: 1-476. Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo.
  • Sohmer, S.H. & Davis, A.P. (2007). The genus Psychotria (Rubiaceae) in the Philippine Archipelago. Sida, Botanical Miscellarry 37: 1-247.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 3: 193. Nom. cons.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Hiern in F.T.A.3: 193 (1877) pro parte.
  • Petit in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 36: 65–190 (1966).
  • Petit in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.34: 1–299 (1964)
  • Steyerm. in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard.23: 406 (1972) nom conserv.
  • Syst. Nat., ed. 10: 929 (1759).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Hiern in F.T.A. 3: 193 (1877), pro parte
  • Petit in B.J.B.B. 34: 1–229 (1964)
  • Petit in B.J.B.B. 36: 65–190 (1966)
  • Steyerm. in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 23: 406 (1972), nom. conserv.
  • Syst. Nat., ed. 10: 929 (1759)

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0