Pittosporum Banks ex Gaertn.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World to Pacific.

[FZ]

Pittosporaceae, G. Cufodontis. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs, never climbing or spiny.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually entire, sometimes undulate, rarely subserrate or shallowly lobed, glabrous or pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences usually variously paniculate or subracemose, terminal or terminal with axillary branches, rarely fascicled, or flowers solitary and axillary. Usually all the flowers of one inflorescence alike (? monoecious or dioecious).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers actinomorphic, never more than 15 mm. long, of various colours (in our area only white, yellowish or greenish) sweet-scented, functionally unisexual; male with long filaments, fertile anthers and slender sterile ovary; female with short filaments, reduced sterile anthers and stout fertile ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals free or ± connate, imbricate or not.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals with claws sometimes connivent and blades usually spreading or revolute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers opening by slits.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 1-locular, with 2–5 (in our area always 2) carpels; style short with a capitate or 2-lobed stigma, splitting in fruit according to the number of carpels; ovules ovoid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit capsular with entire, leathery or woody, erect or spreading valves, sometimes reflexed when quite ripe.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds variously deformed by mutual pressure, 2-many in 2 rows on each parietal placenta, orange to red, covered with a sticky, slow-drying resin.

[FTEA]

Pittosporaceae, G. Cufodontis (University of Vienna). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs, never climbing or spiny
Morphology Leaves
Leaves entire or (outside Africa) rarely undulate or sinuate, glabrous or hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences usually many-flowered subracemose or subumbellate panicles, terminal and/or axillary from the uppermost leaves, but (outside Africa) flowers sometimes solitary or clustered on the old wood
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers regular, up to 15 mm. long, of various colours (but only white, greenish or yellow in Africa), sweet-scented, very often, perhaps always, functionally unisexual; ♂ with long filaments, fertile anthers and slender sterile ovary; ♀ with short filaments, reduced sterile anthers and stout fertile ovary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary unilocular, 2(–5)-merous; style ± as long as ovary, with truncate or sublobed stigma, splitting in fruit according to number of carpels; ovules ovoid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a capsule; valves leathery or woody, yellow or brown, finally suberect, spreading or reflexed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds variously deformed by mutual pressure, 2–4(–many outside Africa) in two rows on each placenta, ripening orange or red, covered with a sticky slow-drying resin.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Trees and shrubs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences usually many-flowered ± racemose or umbellate panicles, terminal and/or in the axils of the uppermost leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers regular, white, greenish white or yellow, sweet scented, probably always functionally unisexual. Ovary 1-celled, 2-merous; style ± as long as ovary, with globular, truncate or ± lobed stigma
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a capsule; the 2 valves leathery or woody, yellow or brown, finally suberect, spreading or reflexed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds variously deformed by mutual pressure, 2–4 in 2 rows on each placenta, orange or red, covered with a sticky slow-drying resin, which remains sticky for many years in herbarium specimens.
Distribution
Between 200 and 230 species in the Old World tropics and subtropics.

Native to:

Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cook Is., Djibouti, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Free State, Gabon, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Hawaii, India, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Kermadec Is., Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Australia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Thailand, Tibet, Tonga, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Vanuatu, Victoria, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Ascension, Azores, Baleares, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, California, Corse, East Aegean Is., Ecuador, Florida, France, Georgia, Great Britain, Italy, Jamaica, Marianas, Morocco, North Carolina, Portugal, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, St.Helena, Tristan da Cunha, Tunisia

Pittosporum Banks ex Gaertn. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Verdcourt, B. [4913A], Papua New Guinea 34325.000 No
Johns, R.J. [9252], New Guinea 62486.000 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8127] K001129023 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8131], India K001129039 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8127] K001129024 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8130], India K001129038 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8127] K001129025 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8127] K001129028 Yes
Letouzey, R. [8898], Cameroon K000106223 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8127] K001129026 Yes
Kamrup [Cat. no. 8129], India K001129037 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8132], Malaysia K001129040 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8132], Malaysia K001129041 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8127], Nepal K001129027 Yes

First published in Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 286 (1788)

Accepted by

  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (eds.) (2010). Flore du Gabon 41: 1-75. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 1: 124.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Cufod. in Fedde, Repert. 55: 27–112 (1952), 113 (1953).
  • in Gaertn. Fruct. 1: 286, t. 59 fig. 7 (1788).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by I. Friis [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Friis in Kew Bull. 42: 319–335 (1987).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Cuf. in F.R. 55: 27 (1952)
  • F.F.N.R.: 66 (1962)
  • J. Léon, in F.C.B. 2: 574 (1951)
  • K.T.S.: 380 (1961)
  • Pritzel in E. & P. Pf., ed. 2, 18a: 273 (1930)
  • in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 34: 159 (1960)
  • in F.W.T.A., ed. 2, 1: 182 (1954)
  • in F.Z. 1: 298 (1960)
  • in Fl. Madag. (1955)
  • in Gaertn., Fruct. 1: 286, t. 59/7 (1788)

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China

    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0