Family:
Myrtaceae Juss.

Eugenia P.Micheli ex L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

[FZ]

Myrtaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs, or rhizomatous, geoxylic suffrutices.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flower-buds subglobose. Flowers bisexual, or male by abortion, axillary, solitary or in fascicles, or in very short racemes, rarely in 2–3-flowered cymules.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles conspicuous and persistent at base of receptacle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle sharply differentiated from the usually elongate and slender pedicel, in bisexual flowers completely fused to the inferior ovary, in male flowers usually deeply concave; upper receptacle absent or poorly developed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx of 4–5 well-developed, free, ciliolate sepals.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4–5, ± ovate, ciliolate, free, persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens numerous, in male flowers inserted on the rim of the receptacle; filaments free, shorter than or scarcely longer than the petals.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 2-locular; placentation axile; ovules numerous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style as long as or longer than the filaments, punctiform, funnel-shaped, capitate or shortly 2-lobed at the apex, in male flowers rudimentary and less than 0·1 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a berry with 1–3 seeds.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Cotyledons partly or completely fused.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs and subshrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers axillary, solitary or in small clusters, bisexual or male; bracteoles conspicuous and persistent at base of hypanthium
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4–5, free
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4–5, free, persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens many, inserted on the rim of the hypanthium, scarcely longer than petals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 2-celled with axile placentas
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a 1–3-seeded berry.
Distribution
Several hundred species (over one thousand, probably), mostly in tropical and subtropical America.

[FTEA]

Myrtaceae, B. Verdcourt, B.Sc., Ph.D.. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs or sometimes small subshrubs from a woody rootstock; sometimes dioecious
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite (at least in ours)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary, hermaphrodite or functionally unisexual or purely male, solitary or fasciculate or in few-flowered cymes or racemes; bracteoles usually persistent; receptacle (calyx-tube) sharply differentiated from the pedicel, adnate to the ovary in hermaphrodite flowers, concave in male
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes 4–5, usually ciliolate, persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4–5, free, often ciliolate, sometimes persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens numerous, included on the receptacle rim; filaments free
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 2-locular with axile placentation; ovules numerous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style as long as or longer than stamens in hermaphrodite or female flowers, with capitate or shortly 2-lobed stigma but often rudimentary or completely lacking in male flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a 1–3-seeded berry; cotyledons partly or completely fused.

Native to:

Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Niue, Northern Provinces, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Senegal, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Somalia, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Western Australia, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

China South-Central, China Southeast, Norfolk Is., Taiwan

Eugenia P.Micheli ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jul 1, 2017 Oldeman [1602], French Guiana K000275736 Yes
Jul 1, 2017 Sastre, C. [6020], French Guiana K000275749 Yes
Feb 1, 2009 Couto [86], Brazil K000565179 Yes
Feb 1, 2009 Hamilton, W.D. [218], Brazil K000565185 Yes
Jul 1, 2007 Nunes [1170], Ceará K000277037 Yes
Jul 1, 2007 Moreira [9], Bahia K000277038 Yes
Jul 1, 2007 Conceiçao [1460], Bahia K000277039 Yes
Jul 1, 2007 Machado [104], Bahia K000277040 Yes
Mar 1, 2007 Maceda [1354], Peru K000276229 Yes
Jan 1, 2007 Jansen-Jacobs, M.J. [2782], Guyana K000276162 Yes
Jan 1, 2007 Jansen-Jacobs, M.J. [3016], Guyana K000276163 No
Jan 1, 2007 Jansen-Jacobs, M.J. [3353], Guyana K000276170 Yes
Jan 1, 2007 Wood [17497], Bolivia K000276178 Yes
Jan 1, 2007 Graville [11691], French Guiana K000277049 Yes
May 16, 2006 Wood [22034], Bolivia K000275864 No
May 16, 2006 Brooks [TMEX 645], Brazil K000275894 Yes
Mar 27, 2006 Folli [4682], Brazil K000275797 Yes
Feb 27, 2006 Wood, J.R.I. et al. [19853], Bolivia K000275782 Yes
Feb 23, 2006 Wood [11146], Bolivia K000275719 Yes
Feb 23, 2006 Oldeman [B-3534], French Guiana K000275732 Yes
Feb 23, 2006 de Graville [C. 131], French Guiana K000275737 Yes
Aug 1, 2005 Pennington [17804], Peru K000261638 Yes
Cheek [10596], Cameroon K000949159 No
Wheatley [468], Cameroon K000948996 No
Baker [254], Cameroon K000949131 No
Nguembock [29A], Cameroon K000949129 No
Molmou [1030], Cameroon K001243861 No
Mpandzou [179], Congo K000581854 No
Amherst, S. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132350 Yes

First published in Sp. Pl.: 470 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Giaretta, A., Lucas, E. & Takeo Sano, P. (2021). Taxonomic monograph of Eugenia sect. Schizocalomyrtus (Myrtaceae: Myrteae), a group within Eugenia with unusual flowers. Phytotaxa 524: 135-177.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R., Sobral, N., Ashton, P., Barrie, F., Holst, B.K., Landrum, L.L., Matsumoto, K., Fernanda Mazine, F., Nic Lughadha, E., Proença, C. & al. (2008). World Checklist of Myrtaceae: 1-455. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wilson, P.G. (2009). Conspectus of the genus Eugenia (Myrtaceae) in the Philippines. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 60: 399-410.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 2: 436.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 211 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 470 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin & G. Moggi [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 211 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 470 (1753)
  • Verdc. in K.B. 54: 41–62 (1999)

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

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  • Flora of Somalia

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  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

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