Hibiscus sabdariffa L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 695 (1753), nom. cons.
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is W. Tropical Africa to Sudan. It is an annual or biennial and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is has environmental uses and social uses, as animal food, a poison and a medicine and for food.

Descriptions

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
flor de Jamaica, rosella, saril, sorrel, vino
[UNAL]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1700 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, subarbusto, arbusto
[CPLC]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb up to 1.5 m tall, glabrous to pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with petiole up to 10 cm long; blade suborbicular to elliptic in outline, usually ± deeply 3–5-lobed, up to 15 x 15 cm; lobes linear to narrowly elliptic. Flowers in leaf axils or in well-defined racemes; pedicels up to 2 cm long, articulated below the middle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Epicalyx
Epicalyx bracts 9–10, 10–20(–30) mm long, lanceolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx up to 50 mm long, red, fleshy; lobes ± narrowly ovate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals pale yellow with maroon base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule up to 25 mm long, subglobose, hispid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds c. 5 mm long, glabrous or sparsely and minutely pubescent.
Distribution
Cultivated at least in S2 cultivated throughout the tropics, perhaps of African origin.
Vernacular
Jamaica sorrel, roselle (English)
[FSOM]

Malvaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
Erect, slightly branched with smooth or slightly hispid stem, often coloured
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Epicalyx and calyx sometimes with scattered hairs and tubercles, becoming succulent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers an inch or more long, yellow with a purple centre
Note
Widely cultivated and variable in form and size.
[FWTA]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Caribbean, Pacific. Elevation range: 0–1700 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Atlántico, Bogotá DC, Chocó, Quindío, Santander.
Habit
Herb, Shrub, Subshrub.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, shrubland, artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Abutilón
[UPFC]

Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb up to 1·5 m. tall; stems glabrous or almost so.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina up to 15 × 15 cm., suborbicular to elliptic in outline, usually rather deeply digitately 3–5-lobed, usually glabrous or nearly so, lobes narrowly to very narrowly elliptic; petiole up to 10 cm. long, glabrous or sparsely pubescent; stipules up to 10 mm. long, very narrowly triangular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Epicalyx
Epicalyx of 9–10 bracts, glabrous or sparsely pubescent; bracts up to 18 mm. long, elliptic, joined at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx up to 3(5) cm. long, red, fleshy, edible; lobes ovate to ovate-lanceolate, joined to nearly half-way, usually with a conspicuous gland on the median vein on the outside of each lobe.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 3–5 cm. in diam., pale yellow with purplish-brown centres, solitary, axillary or in racemose inflorescences by reduction of the upper leaves; peduncle up to 2·5 cm. long, glabrous, pubescent or pilose, articulated below the middle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule up to 20 × 18 mm., ovate-acuminate, glabrous or somewhat pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds up to 5 × 4 mm., subreniform, minutely stellate-pubescent, glabrescent.
[FZ]

Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb to 4.5 m tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems and foliage green, green-red, or red, glabrous to sparsely pubescent, occasionally aculeate
Morphology Leaves
Leaves entire to shallowly or deeply 3–7lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary in the leaf axils, calyx green, green-red or red, fleshy to leathery; corolla pale yellow, with or without a dark red centre
Note
Widely cultivated. The most common form of this species is the form with fleshy edible calyces that are used for drinks and jams, and are the source of ‘Hibiscus tea’ of commerce.
[FTEA]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Uses

Use
The fleshy calyx as well as the leaves may be cooked and eaten as vegetables. The calyx may also be used in drinks or jellies.
[FSOM]

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
Use Social
Social uses.
[UPFC]

Common Names

English
Roselle

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0