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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Subtropical Asia.
Perilla frutescens

[LKGF]

Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

Morphology General Habit
Robust annual herbs, strongly aromatic
Morphology Leaves
Leaves toothed, long-petiolate, in cultivated forms often deep purple-tinged or laciniate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence raceme-like, lax or congested, ± secund, of 2(-4)-flowered verticillasters
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts small, often broadly ovate-acuminate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small, distinctly pedicellate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate, lobes triangular, posterior lip shorter with median lobe shortest, tube densely hairy outside, annulate within throat, calyx strongly accrescent in fruit, with base of tube strongly distended and gibbous, calyx-lobes becoming slightly u
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla small, white to purplish, weakly 2-lipped, lobes subequal, corolla-tube very short, included in calyx, annulate at insertion of stamens
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, subequal, divergent, shorter than or equalling corolla, thecae separate, parallel, becoming slightly divergent, connective distinct
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style short
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets 4, subglobose, glabrous, distinctly reticulate
Note
2n = 20, 40.  One variable species: P. frutescens (L.) Britton
Distribution
Pobably native in the Himalayan foothills, from Pakistan eastwards, but cultivated and occurring as a casual in Southeastern Asia to China and Japan.
Ecology
In shady areas

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, India, Japan, Jawa, Khabarovsk, Korea, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Primorye, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya

Introduced into:

Alabama, Arkansas, Cambodia, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Romania, South Carolina, South European Russi, Tennessee, Texas, Transcaucasus, Ukraine, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin

Perilla L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Gen. Pl. ed. 6: 578 (1764)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Dentidia Lour., Fl. Cochinch.: 869 (1790).
  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
  • Li Hsi-Wen & Hedge, Lamiaceae, in Wu Zheng-yi and Raven (eds). Flora of China 17: 241-242 (1994).
  • Perilla L., Gen. Pl. ed 6, 578 (1764)

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0