Justicia L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Africa, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to SW. Pacific, Tropical & Subtropical America.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Herbs or shrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves entire, simple
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in axillary or terminal spikes or clusters; bracts and bracteoles present, sometimes enlarged
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 4–5-lobed (5-lobed in Somalia)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 2-lipped, upper lip usually shallowly 2-lobed, lower lip 3-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2; anthers 2-celled with one cell above the other and the lowest one usually tailed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 2–4-seeded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds smooth or variously ornamented.
Distribution
Genus of some 900 species, mainly in the tropics.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kentucky, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Mexico, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oklahoma, Oman, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Caroline Is., Christmas I., Cook Is., Fiji, Hawaii, Marianas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Rodrigues, Réunion, Sicilia, St.Helena, Taiwan, Tubuai Is., Venezuelan Antilles

Justicia L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Oct 1, 2013 Tchiengue, B. [2518], Cameroon K000745926 No
Aug 1, 2013 Groeninckx, I. [352], Madagascar K000662464 No
Sep 1, 2007 Luke, W. R. Q. [11687], Kenya K000469024 No
Jan 1, 1996 Schoenenberger, J. [15], Cameroon K000198724 No
Jan 1, 1986 Coulter, T. [1175], Mexico K000064770 No
Jan 1, 1986 Coulter, T. [1191], Mexico K000064775 No
Jan 1, 1986 Coulter, T. [1195], Mexico K000064769 No
Jan 1, 1986 Coulter, T. [1188], Mexico K000064772 No
Drummond, R.B. [2289], Tanzania 13091.000 No
Verdcourt, B. [665], Kenya 13092.000 No
Chancellor, R.J. [177], Uganda 13093.000 No
Hornby, R.M. [755 or 2083], Tanzania 13094.000 No
Keay, R.W.J. [25389], Nigeria 13095.000 No
Tweedie, E.M. [510], Kenya 2884.000 No
Hemsley, J.H. [1465], Tanzania 2885.000 No
Tweedie, E.M. [844], Kenya 2888.000 No
Tweedie, E.M. [824], Kenya 2890.000 No
Drummond, R.B. [4452], Kenya 2892.000 No
Scott, H [239], Ethiopia 2893.000 No
Bogdan, A. [3702], Kenya 2894.000 No
Chancellor, R.J. [177], Uganda 2895.000 No
Verdcourt, B. [837], Uganda 2896.000 No
Gillett, J.B. [13969], Kenya 2897.000 No
Fanshawe, D.B. [29], Zambia 2899.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [10953], Tanzania 2900.000 No
Robinson, E.A. [210], Zambia 2901.000 No
Drummond, R.B. [1776], Tanzania 4256.000 No
Verdcourt, B. [788], Tanzania 4257.000 No
Drummond, H.B. [2100], Tanzania 4259.000 No
Hornby, R.M. [2083 or 755], Tanzania 4263.000 No
Keay, R.W.J. [25602], Nigeria 4264.000 No
Beentje, H.J. [4738], Madagascar 60563.000 No
Beentje, H.J. [4683], Madagascar 62894.000 No
Richards, H.M. [4870], Zambia K000419239 holotype Yes
Richards, H.M. [4870], Zambia K000419240 holotype Yes
Bidgood, S. [6022], Tanzania K000468403 No
Palmer, E. [4021], Mexico K000064798 No
Langlassé, E. [635], Mexico K000064803 No
Hinton, G.B. [12524], Mexico K000064789 No
Hinton, G.B. [10955], Mexico K000064792 No
Hinton, G.B. [11478], Mexico K000064794 No
Peterson, K.M. [432], Mexico K000064771 No
Gourlay, W.B. [5], Mexico K000064773 No
Hinton, G.B. [15845], Mexico K000064774 No
Hinton, G.B. [16104], Mexico K000064778 No
Hahn, M., Mexico K000064784 No
Gaumer, G.F., Mexico K000064785 No
Hinton, G.B. [15189], Mexico K000064786 No
Hinton, G.B. [1028], Mexico K000064788 No
Tanzania K000046865 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132338 Yes
Zampieri, C. [62], Brazil K001033582 Yes
Onishi, E. [336], Brazil K001033585 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [5133], Brazil K001033654 Yes
Ferreira, A.R. [281], Brazil K001033655 Yes
Prance, G.T. [58905], Brazil K001033664 Yes
Kuhlmann, M. [s.n.], Brazil K001033665 Yes
Irwin, H.S. [20584], Brazil K001033672 Yes
Lindeman, J.C. [2138], Brazil K001033682 Yes
Mori, S.A. [11495], Brazil K001033683 Yes
Prance, G.T. [15796], Brazil K001033692 Yes
Hill, S.R. [12823], Brazil K001033703 Yes
Pires, J.M. [48853], Brazil K001033699 Yes
Glaziou [11346], Brazil K001033694 Yes
Cid Ferreira, C.A. [4599], Brazil K001033706 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [16061], Mexico K000064776 No
Glaziou, A. [13081], Brazil K001033688 Yes
Calderon, C.E. [2693], Brazil K001033580 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [16063], Mexico K000064802 No
Amaral, I.L. [1093], Brazil K001033571 Yes
Glaziou, A. [21885/a], Brazil K001033684 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [5190], Mexico K000064777 No
Burchell [7580], Brazil K001033658 Yes
Sperling, C.R. [6033], Brazil K001033592 Yes
Prance, G.T. [13910], Brazil K001033691 Yes
Saint-Hilaire, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001033652 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. s.n.], Myanmar K001132510 Yes
Prance, G.T. [58661], Brazil K001033588 Yes
Ferreira, C.A.C. [6293], Brazil K001033657 Yes
Teixeira, L.O.A. [521], Brazil K001033679 Yes
Hemming, J.H. [23], Brazil K001033587 Yes
Trail, J.W.H. [658], Brazil K001033696 Yes
Rico, L. [1006], Mexico K000064793 No
Mueller, F. [163], Brazil K001033686 Yes
Harley, R.M. [20160], Brazil K001033576 Yes
González O., J. [1B], Mexico K000064795 No
Paula- Zárete, E.L. [257], Brazil K001033676 Yes
Sperling, C.R. [6026], Brazil K001033570 Yes
Rosa, N.A. [1098], Brazil K001033594 Yes
Ferreira, A.R. [784], Brazil K001033653 Yes
Lleras, E. [P/16868], Brazil K001033705 Yes
MacDougall, T. [H106], Mexico K000064787 No
Cid Ferreira, C.A. [4802], Brazil K001033573 Yes
Steward, W.C. [P/13104], Brazil K001033579 Yes
Silva, M.B. [164], Brazil K001033662 Yes
Bolland [17], Brazil K001033677 Yes
Pires, J.M. [51267], Brazil K001033589 Yes
Cid Ferreira, C.A. [4502], Brazil K001033574 Yes
Prance, G.T. [13729], Brazil K001033581 Yes
Prance, G.T. [12229], Brazil K001033578 Yes
Burchell [7580], Brazil K001033661 Yes
González O., J. [636], Mexico K000064797 No
Philcox, D. [4049], Brazil K001033586 Yes
Anderson, W.R. [10757], Brazil K001033572 Yes
Calderon, C.E. [2897], Brazil K001033702 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [10855], Mexico K000064791 No
Hinton, G.B. [10316], Mexico K000064801 No
Harley, R.M. [10581], Brazil K001033681 Yes
Mendonça, R.C. [2140], Brazil K001033690 Yes
Sperling, C.R. [6053], Brazil K001033590 Yes
Cid Ferreira, C.A. [4834], Brazil K001033575 Yes
Cid Ferreira, C.A. [4557], Brazil K001033707 Yes
Giulietti, A.M. [13758], Brazil K001033689 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [16100], Mexico K000064779 No
Bidgood, S. [6114], Tanzania K000468311 No
Cavalcanti, T.B. [2371], Brazil K001033583 Yes
Rico, L. [2014], Mexico K000265993 No
Palmer, E. [788], Mexico K000064799 No
Pires, J.M. [48853], Brazil K001033698 Yes
Taylor, E.L. [E/1300], Brazil K001033697 Yes
Hunt, D.R. [5890], Brazil K001033584 Yes
Sperling, C.R. [6152], Brazil K001033651 Yes
Prance, G.T. [1685], Brazil K001033663 Yes
Miers, J. [4660], Brazil K001033673 Yes
Chautems, A. [80], Brazil K001033678 Yes
González O., J. [5589], Mexico K000064780 No
Ferreira, A.R. [410], Brazil K001033656 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001033693 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [6530], Brazil K001033671 Yes
Burchell [5643], Brazil K001033659 Yes
Kuhlmann, M. [4339], Brazil K001033685 Yes
Kuhlmann, M. [4339], Brazil K001033680 Yes
Mendonça, R.C. [3041], Brazil K001033669 Yes
Martinelli, G. [s.n.], Brazil K001033701 Yes
Calderon, C.E. [2883], Brazil K001033577 Yes
Morton, C.V. [2364], Mexico K000064796 No
Fonseca, M.L. [1241], Brazil K001033668 Yes
Martinelli, G. [9100], Brazil K001033593 Yes
Mori, S.A. [9376], Brazil K001033666 Yes
Mori, S. [10678], Brazil K001033667 Yes
Prance, G.T. [7291], Brazil K001033704 Yes
Prance, G.T. [12596], Brazil K001033687 Yes
Harley, R.M. [18322], Brazil K001033675 Yes
Martinelli, G. [s.n.], Brazil K001033700 Yes
Dusén, P. [10880], Brazil K001033695 Yes
Burchell [7577/2], Brazil K001033660 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [5364], Brazil K001033591 Yes
Krukoff, B.A. [6530], Brazil K001033670 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [12291], Mexico K000064790 No
Harley, R.M. [20160], Brazil K001033674 Yes
Mexia, Y. [8732], Mexico Jacobinia K000064781 No
Drummond, R.B. [1998], Tanzania Thamnojusticia 2839.000 No
Drummond, R.B. [1720], Tanzania Thamnojusticia 2898.000 No
Drummond, R.B. [2094], Tanzania Thamnojusticia 4296.000 No
Drummond, R.B. [1874], Tanzania Thamnojusticia 4297.000 No

First published in Sp. Pl.: 15 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Daniel, T.F. & Figueiredo, E. (2009). The California Academy of Sciences Gulf of Guinea Expeditions (2001, 2006, 2008) VII. Acanthaceae of São Tomé and Príncipe Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, IV, 60: 623-674.
  • Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Flora Zambesiaca 8(6): 1-314. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (2009). New names, combinations and synonyms in Justicia and Stenostephanus Kew Bulletin 64: 49-55. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 5: 179.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Sp. Pl.: 15 (1753).
  • —Graham in Kew Bull. 43: 551–624 (1988).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Hedrén [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

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    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

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    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
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