Dichapetalum Thouars

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

[FZ]

Dichapetalaceae, A. R. Torre. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers actinomorphic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens all fertile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk sometimes divided into 5 squamulous glands.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits drupaceous, dry or rarely fleshy with (1) 2–3 mericarps; mericarps obtuse or acuminate.
Note
Otherwise characters of the family.

[FTEA]

Dichapetalaceae, F.J. Breteler (Agricultural University, Wageningen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Lianas, lianescent shrubs, shrubs, or small trees with sympodial growth
Morphology Stem
Stems often with intruding phloem; branches solid or hollow, often distinctly lenticellate, the lenticels in vertical rows or scattered
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules caducous or persistent, simple, entire, or variously lobed or divided
Morphology Leaves
Leaves spirally arranged on the orthotropic shoots, but pseudo-distichous on the plagiotropic shoots, strongly reduced to absent on orthotropic shoots in lianas, shortly-petioled, pinnatinerved, margins entire; orbicular, usually flat glands nearly always present on the leaf-blade, mostly beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, sometimes arranged on leafless axillary or terminal shoots, cymose, distinctly branched or subglobose, sessile or pedunculate; peduncle free or adnate to the petiole; bracts and bracteoles usually small; pedicel articulate, the upper part (the true pedicel) variable in length, absent to very distinct Flowers small, actinomorphic, 5-merous, bisexual in African species
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle flat or slightly concave
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals unequal to subequal, imbricate, free or shortly united, rarely forming a tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals whitish to pale yellow, equal, alternating with the sepals, ± spathulate in outline, at base usually as wide as the filaments and adnate to them, rarely the petals entirely free, bilobed to entire, the lobes flat or concave
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5, equal, episepalous; anthers introrse, opening by longitudinal slits, usually with a strongly thickened connective
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Staminodes
Staminodes 5, epipetalous, variously shaped, sometimes united into a disk-like lobulate ring or cupula
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Pistil 2–3(–4)-merous; obturator often present; styles free or coherent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit with 1–3(–4) pyrenes, subglobose or deeply lobed, usually yellow to orange at maturity; exocarp dehiscent or indehiscent; mesocarp fleshy; endocarp indehiscent, with a distinct apical, and usually partly ventral, suture, leathery or bony, often hairy inside
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds exalbuminous, usually with a rather thin testa; cotyledons planoconvex, often grooved on the convex sides.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Dichapetalum Thouars appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jun 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [1823], Cameroon K000008599 No
Drummond, R.B. [4330], Kenya 16054.000 No
Keay, R.W.J. [25593], Nigeria 16055.000 No
Faulkner [3310], Tanzania 29429.000 No
Lock [88/81], Tanzania 53248.000 No

First published in Gen. Nov. Madagasc.: 23 (1806)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Nov. Gen. Madag. 23 (1806).

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Nov. Madag.: 23 (1806).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Breteler in Med. Landbouwh. 73–13: 37 (1973)
  • Gen. Nov. Madag.: 23 (1806)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0