Polystichum Roth

First published in Tent. Fl. Germ. 3(1): 31, 69 (1799)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Cosmopolitan.

Distribution

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Algeria, Altay, Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Crozet Is., Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Easter Is., Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Falkland Is., Fiji, Finland, Florida, France, Free State, Føroyar, Galápagos, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Greenland, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Louisiana, Macquarie Is., Madagascar, Madeira, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Manchuria, Marion-Prince Edward, Marquesas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Sicilia, Society Is., Solomon Is., Somalia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South Georgia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tristan da Cunha, Tubuai Is., Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Vanuatu

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Accepted Species

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Fraser-Jenkins, C.R. & Kandel, D.R. (2019). Ferns and Fern-Allies of Nepal 2: 1-446. Government of Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Environment, Department of Plant Resources.
  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Roux, Polystichum in Africa: 1–375 (1998)
  • Tent. Fl. Germ. 3: 31 (1799);

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Oct 1, 2011 Wilson, P. [s.n.] Jamaica K000880388 Syntype Yes
Oct 1, 2011 Purdie, W. [s.n.] Jamaica K000880387 Type Yes
Oct 1, 2011 Purdie, W. [s.n.] Jamaica K000880389 Type Yes
Nov 1, 2010 Luschnath, B. [9] Brazil K000954628 Yes
Nov 1, 2010 Smith [s.n.] Brazil K000954629 Yes
Nov 1, 2010 Smith [s.n.] Brazil K000954627 Yes
Jan 1, 2003 Spruce, R. [2567] Peru K000200339 Yes
Jan 1, 2003 Spruce, R. [5267] Ecuador K000200344 No
Jan 1, 2003 Spruce, R. [5305] Ecuador K000200329 Yes
Jan 1, 2003 Spruce, R. [5267bis] Ecuador K000200338 Yes
Jan 1, 2003 Spruce, R. [5305] Ecuador K000200342 Yes
Jan 1, 2003 Spruce, R. [5267] Ecuador K000200330 Yes
Jan 1, 2003 Spruce, R. [5305] Ecuador K000200343 Yes
Jan 1, 2003 Spruce, R. [Cfr5267] Ecuador K000200340 Yes
Dec 1, 2002 Barker, W.R. [LAE67392] Papua New Guinea K000398114 No
May 1, 2000 Wilson [s.n] Jamaica K000590418 Syntype Yes
May 1, 2000 Wright [3924] Cuba K000590412 Holotype Yes
Jun 1, 1992 Jaman, R. [3938] Malaysia K000670652 No
Jan 1, 1985 Beaman, J.H. [9836] Malaysia K000666990 No
Jan 1, 1984 Parris, B.S.; Croxall, J.P. [9089] Malaysia K000666989 No
Jan 1, 1984 Parris, B.S.; Croxall, J.P. [9089] Malaysia K000666987 No
Jan 1, 1984 Parris, B.S.; Croxall, J.P. [9089] Malaysia K000666988 No
Jan 16, 1980 Woodhams, J.R. [145] Papua New Guinea K000665276 No
Jun 1, 1974 Brass, L.J.; Meyer Drees, E. [10338] Indonesia K000398043 Isotype No
Jun 1, 1974 Brass, L.J. [11433] Indonesia K000397944 Isotype No
Jun 1, 1974 Hartley, T.G. [11109] Papua New Guinea K000665318 Paratype Yes
Jun 1, 1974 Brass, L.J. [9344] Indonesia K000665317 Isotype Yes
Jun 1, 1974 Keysser, C. [42] Papua New Guinea K000398036 Isotype No
Jun 1, 1974 Brass, L.J. [9136] Indonesia K000398017 Type Yes
Jun 1, 1974 Brass, L.J.; Meyer Drees, E. [10055] Indonesia K000398022 Isotype No
Jan 27, 1971 Palmer, J. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790459 Yes
Jan 1, 1930 Henry, A. [9773 B] China K001040055 Unknown Type Material Yes
Jan 1, 1928 Linden, J. [1742] Cuba K000590423 Type Yes
May 19, 1922 Mousset, J.P. [B2] Indonesia K000670706 No
May 19, 1922 Mousset, J.P. [C3] Indonesia K000670714 No
May 19, 1922 Mousset, J.P. [C3] Indonesia K000670703 No
Bolus, H. [3030] South Africa K000351195 Unknown Type Material Yes
Bolus, H. [3030] South Africa K000351198 Unknown Type Material Yes
Bolus, H. [3030] South Africa K000351196 Unknown Type Material Yes
Bolus, H. [3030] South Africa K000351197 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790428 Yes
anonymous [s.n.] Indonesia K000666979 No
Luerssen [141] Brazil K000954609 Yes
Mousset, J.P. [184] Indonesia K000670713 No
Metcalfe, E. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790424 Yes
Cleminshaw, E. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790434 Yes
Croft, J.R.; Sands, M.J.S. [314] Papua New Guinea K000665270 No
Croft, J.R. [LAE68364] Papua New Guinea K000398118 No
Pullen, R. [5106] Papua New Guinea K000398147 No
anonymous [s.n.] Indonesia K000666980 No
Parris, B.S. [11173] Indonesia K000670660 No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790441 Yes
Parris, B.S. [11042] Indonesia K000670663 No
Cuming, H. [234] Philippines K000665252 Type Yes
Greville [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790418 Yes
Stevens, P.F.; Veldkamp, J.F. [LAE54132] Papua New Guinea K000398140 No
Croft, J.R. [1913] Papua New Guinea K000665268 No
Leithied [39] Mexico K000590438 Isotype Yes
Croft, J.R. [LAE65056] Papua New Guinea K000398145 No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790464 Yes
Shoolbred, W.A. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790445 Yes
Drummond, T. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790457 Yes
Wood [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790456 Yes
Parris, B.S. [11457] Malaysia K000666986 No
Matthew, C.G. [941] Indonesia K000666962 No
Nur, Md. [12118] Malaysia K000666872 No
Kato, M.; Ueda, K.; Okamoto, M.; Akiyama, H.; Sunarno, B.; Mahjar, U.W [C5377] Indonesia K000670669 No
Croft, J.R.; Marsh, J.I. [866] Papua New Guinea K000398116 No
Croft, J.R. [LAE61876] Papua New Guinea K000398137 No
Glaziou, A.F.M. [2357] Brazil K000590408 Unknown Type Material Yes
Gardiner, W., Jnr. [1888] United Kingdom K000790453 Yes
anonymous [s.n.] Indonesia K000666966 Type No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790411 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [15769] Brazil K000954631 Yes
Micholitz, W. [s.n.] Philippines K000665257 No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790437 Yes
Smith, N.J.G. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790439 Yes
Metcalfe, E. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790425 Yes
Croft, J.R. [1913] Papua New Guinea K000665266 No
Shoolbred, W.A. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790444 Yes
Streimann, H.; Kairo, A. [NGF47546] Papua New Guinea K000398148 No
Elmer, A.D.E. [22163] Philippines K000665261 No
Lobb, T. [s.n.] Indonesia K000666977 No
Waterfall, W.B. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790407 Yes
Vriese, W.H., de [597] Indonesia K000666978 No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790448 Yes
Woodhams, J.R. [162] Papua New Guinea K000398129 No
Stevens, P.F.; Veldkamp, J.F. [LAE54386] Papua New Guinea K000665277 No
Kato, M.; Ueda, K.; Fanani, Z. [C12140] Indonesia K000670659 No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790402 Yes
Parris, B.S. [11156] Indonesia K000670661 No
Croft, J.R. [1320] Papua New Guinea K000665319 No
Braithwaite [2187] Vanuatu K001561999 Yes
Braithwaite [2187] Vanuatu K001561987 Yes
Braithwaite [2366] Vanuatu K001562000 Yes
Hooker, J. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790430 Yes
O'Loughlin, J.L. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790422 Yes
s.coll. [33] Brazil K000590404 Type Yes
Croft, J.R. [1913] Papua New Guinea K000665267 No
Molesworth Allen, B.E.G. [4105] Malaysia K000666873 No
Lovis, J.D.; Sleep, A.; Reichstein, T. [s.n.] Austria K001040008 Type Yes
anonymous [7] Indonesia K000666958 No
Scannell, M.J.P. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790461 Yes
Mousset, J.P. [87] Indonesia K000666971 No
Mousset, J.P. [312] Indonesia K000670657 No
[Raze] [[130.370.]] Cuba K000590435 Unknown Type Material Yes
Jameson [s.n] Peru K000590498 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wallich, N. [371] K001040117 Unknown Type Material Yes
Lobb, T. [262] Indonesia K000666983 No
Croft, J.R. [LAE65056] Papua New Guinea K000398144 No
Croxall, J.P.; Parris, B.S. [5930] Papua New Guinea K000398132 No
Stevens, P.F. [LAE55630] Papua New Guinea K000398150 No
Croft, J.R. [2039] Papua New Guinea K000665274 No
Anonymous (?Blume) [s.n.] Indonesia K000660190 Type No
Lobb, T. [s.n.] Philippines K000665259 No
Kato, M.; Ueda, K.; Okamoto, M.; Akiyama, H.; Sunarno, B.; Mahjar, U.W [C5049] Indonesia K000670673 No
Parris, B.S.; Croxall, J.P. [8173] Papua New Guinea K000398123 No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790414 Yes
Tsai, H.T. [52690] China K001040044 Unknown Type Material Yes
Copeland, E.B. [97] Philippines K000665258 No
Johns, R.J. [3228] Papua New Guinea K000397942 No
Parris, B.S.; Croxall, J.P. [4901] Papua New Guinea K000398124 No
Kato, M.; Ueda, K.; Okamoto, M.; Akiyama, H.; Sunarno, B.; Mahjar, U.W [C5377] Indonesia K000670668 No
Henderson, M.R. [19651] Malaysia K000666870 No
Kato, M.; Ueda, K.; Fanani, Z. [C12457] Indonesia K000670658 No
Beccari, O. [418] Indonesia K000666963 No
Mousset, J.P. [312] Indonesia K000666972 No
Smith, E. [2443] Indonesia K000670709 No
West, W. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790436 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [2356] Brazil K000590405 Unknown Type Material Yes
Lobb, T. [s.n.] Indonesia K000666982 No
Fée [147] Guadeloupe K000590433 Unknown Type Material Yes
Fée [147] Guadeloupe K000590434 Unknown Type Material Yes
Elmer, A.D.E. [22149] Philippines K000665262 No
Croft, J.R. [2039] Papua New Guinea K000665273 No
Nur, Md. [12118] Malaysia K000666871 No
Harvey, H.H. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790431 Yes
Clemens, J.; Clemens, M.S. [29629] Malaysia K000666993 No
Iwatsuki, k.; Kato, M.; Ueda, K.; Mahjar, U.W. [C550] Indonesia K000670666 No
Tsai, H.T. [51800] China K001040043 Type Yes
Copeland, E.B. [1031] Philippines K000665247 No
Stevens, P.F.; Veldkamp, J.F. [LAE54132] Papua New Guinea K000398142 No
Miers [s.n.] Brazil K000954606 Yes
Croft, J.R. [165] Papua New Guinea K000398135 No
Gardner [132] Brazil K000954633 Yes
Hartweg [631] Guatemala K000512993 Type Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790454 Yes
Kato, M.; Sunarno, B.; Akiyama, H. [C3282] Indonesia K000670670 No
Glaziou, A.F.M. [15768] Brazil K000954630 Yes
Vriese, W.H., de [204] Indonesia K000666973 No
Sprague, T.A. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790435 Yes
Williams, L.H. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790427 Yes
Parris, B.S.; Croxall, J.P. [4249] Papua New Guinea K000398126 No
Henderson, M.R. [22321] Malaysia K000666874 No
Croft, J.R. [LAE 61785] Papua New Guinea K000398134 No
Worsdell, W.C. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790450 Yes
Clarke, C.B. [49630] United Kingdom K000790433 Yes
Wallich, N. [369] K001040122 Unknown Type Material Yes
Malme [s.n.] Brazil K000954607 Yes
Wallich, N. [369] K001040121 Unknown Type Material Yes
Glaziou [1413] Brazil K000954632 Yes
Burchell [3087] Brazil K000954605 Yes
Kato, M.; Ueda, K.; Okamoto, M.; Akiyama, H.; Sunarno, B.; Mahjar, U.W [C5049] Indonesia K000670672 No
Kato, M.; Sunarno, B.; Akiyama, H. [C3282] Indonesia K000670671 No
Smith [60] Brazil K000954613 Yes
O' Connor, P. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790460 Yes
Vriese, W.H., de [598] Indonesia K000666975 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Nepal K001040119 Unknown Type Material Yes
Parris, B.S.; Croxall, J.P. [9400] Papua New Guinea K000398127 No
Croft, J.R.; Akakavara, O. [LAE68175] Papua New Guinea K000398120 No
Glaziou, A.F.M. [2354] Brazil K000590407 Unknown Type Material Yes
Stevens, P.F.; Veldkamp, J.F. [LAE54132] Papua New Guinea K000398141 No
Croft, J.R. [2039] Papua New Guinea K000665271 No
Stevens, P.F.; Veldkamp, J.F. [LAE54125] Papua New Guinea K000398149 No
Clemens, J.; Clemens, M.S. [29937] Malaysia K000666991 No
Koorders, S.H. [37473ß] Indonesia K000666981 No
McGregor, W. [36] Papua New Guinea K000398121 No
Tatham, J. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790413 Yes
Lechler, W; Hohenacker, R.F. [515] Chile K000590469 Unknown Type Material Yes
Worsdell, W.C. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790458 Yes
Johns, R.J. [s.n.] Papua New Guinea K000397943 No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790455 Yes
Mousset, J.P. [231a] Indonesia K000670712 No
Wallich, N. [371] K001040115 Unknown Type Material Yes
Raciborski, M. [s.n.] Indonesia K000666957 No
Fraser, J. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790429 Yes
Croft, J.R. [2039] Papua New Guinea K000665272 No
Farges, R.P. [s.n.] China K001040080 Type Yes
Clemens, J.; Clemens, M.S. [30533] Indonesia K000666976 No
Linden, J. [505] Bolivia K000590463 Type Yes
Smith [60] Brazil K000954612 Yes
Douglas [s.n.] Brazil K000954611 Yes
Belanger, C.P. [s.n.] Indonesia K000666959 No
Millar, A.; Holttum, R.E. [NGF15705] Papua New Guinea K000398136 No
Croft, J.R. [LAE61876] Papua New Guinea K000398138 No
Croxall, J.P.; Parris, B.S. [5930] Papua New Guinea K000398131 No
Glaziou, A.F.M. [2065] Brazil K000590406 Unknown Type Material Yes
Croxall, J.P.; Parris, B.S. [7804] Papua New Guinea K000398133 No
Afriastini, J.J. [525] Indonesia K000670656 No
Parris, B.S. [11245] Indonesia K000670662 No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790403 Yes
Jones, D.O. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790421 Yes
Gardner [1839] Brazil K000954634 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [4433] Brazil K000590410 Unknown Type Material Yes
McGregor, W. [38] Papua New Guinea K000660189 No
Coode, M.; Stevens, P. [NGF46348] Papua New Guinea K000398146 No
Parris, B.S. [6947] Malaysia K000666985 No
Mousset, J.P. [87] Indonesia K000666970 No
Metcalfe, E. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790426 Yes
Gardner [216] Brazil K000954610 Yes
Parris, B.S. [11042] Indonesia K000670664 No
Kato, M.; Ueda, K.; Okamoto, M.; Akiyama, H.; Sunarno, B.; Mahjar, U.W [C7195] Indonesia K000670674 No
Williams, L.H. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790420 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790423 Yes
Cuming, H. [234] Philippines K000665250 Type No
Hancock, W. [68] Indonesia K000666969 No
Smith, E. [2443] Indonesia K000670710 No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790446 Yes
Parris, B.S.; Croxall, J.P. [8173] Papua New Guinea K000398122 No
Parris, B.S. [11101] Indonesia K000670665 No
Praeger, R.L. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790463 Yes
Linden [1536] Mexico K000590441 Unknown Type Material Yes
Curtis, W. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790404 Yes
Croft, J.R. [LAE68364] Papua New Guinea K000398117 No
Afriastini, J.J. [525] Indonesia K000670655 No
Barton, W.C. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790462 Yes
Iwatsuki, k.; Kato, M.; Ueda, K.; Mahjar, U.W. [C550] Indonesia K000670667 No
Parris, B.S.; Croxall, J.P. [4249] Papua New Guinea K000398125 No
Croft, J.R.; Marsh, J.I. [1363] Papua New Guinea K000398115 No
Turrill, W.B. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790449 Yes
Chew, W.L.; Corner, E.J.H.; Stainton, A. [949B] Malaysia K000670653 No
Cubitt, M. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790409 Yes
s.coll. [609] Peru K000590499 Unknown Type Material Yes
Chile K000590468 Unknown Type Material Yes
Schaffner, W. [290] Mexico K000590437 Isotype Yes
Parris, B.S. [6947] Malaysia K000666984 No
Parris, B.S.; Croxall, J.P. [9400] Papua New Guinea K000398128 No
Jameson [s.n] Peru K000590497 Unknown Type Material Yes
Matthew, C.G. [941] Indonesia K000666961 No
Luerssen [s.n.] Brazil K000954608 Yes
Wallich, N. [369] K001040120 Unknown Type Material Yes
Matthew, C.G. [941] Indonesia K000666960 No
Parris, B.S. [11101] Indonesia K000670677 No
Croft, J.R.; Akakavara, O. [LAE68175] Papua New Guinea K000398119 No
Matthew, C.G. [s.n.] Indonesia K000666968 No
Wallich, N. [370] Nepal K001040118 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wallich, N. [371] Nepal K001040116 Type Yes
Hunt, G.E. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790432 Yes
Price, M.G. [516] Philippines K000665256 No
Holttum, R.E. [SFN25534] Malaysia K000666992 No
s.coll. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000790438 Yes
Croft, J.R.; Sands, M.J.S. [314] Papua New Guinea K000665269 No
Vriese, W.H., de [586] Indonesia K000666974 No
Croxall, J.P.; Parris, B.S. [5863] Papua New Guinea K000398130 No
Buwalda, P. [7565] Indonesia K000670711 No
Sellow [s.n.] Brazil K000590403 Type Yes
Fuchs, H.P. [21481] Malaysia K000670654 No
Croft, J.R. [LAE65056] Papua New Guinea K000398143 No
Carr, C.E. [14711] Papua New Guinea K000398139 No
Faber, E. [14] China Acropelta K001040167 Unknown Type Material Yes
Faber, E. [1027] China Acropelta K001040166 Type Yes

Sources

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0