Family:
Malvaceae Juss.

Sida L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics to N. America.

[FZ]

Malvaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs or suffrutices, erect or prostrate, glabrous or pubescent or pilose to densely tomentose or velutinous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually undivided, serrate or crenate-serrate, occasionally 3-lobed, cuneate to cordate at the base, usually petiolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small to medium-sized, usually cream or orange, long-pedicelled to subsessile or solitary, clustered or fasciculate in the leaf-axils or arranged in racemes (sometimes subcapitate or subumbellate) or spikes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Epicalyx
Epicalyx absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx shallow-campanulate to saucer-shaped; lobes ovate or triangular, generally acute to acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals not clawed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal tube dilated at the base, divided at the apex into several to many free filaments; free parts of filaments terete.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary of 5 to many carpels, each with a single pendulous ovule; style terete or subclavate; stigmas capitate or truncate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit of 5 to many mericarps ultimately separating from the torus, dehiscent at the apex (or rarely at the base) or indehiscent, smooth, transversely ribbed, glabrous or hairy, usually acute, beaked or awned.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds triangular; cotyledons folded; endosperm scanty or absent.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs or dwarf shrubs, usually with stellate hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves entire or rarely 3(–5)-lobed; stipules filiform to lanceolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers solitary or paired in leaf axils, or in clusters, heads, racemes, spikes or panicles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Epicalyx
Epicalyx absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 5-lobed, with triangular usually 1-veined lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary of 5–13(–15) 1-ovulate free carpels around a central torus; style-branches as many as carpels
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a flattened to globose schizocarp; mericarps indehiscent or irregularly dehiscent, sculptured in various ways.
Distribution
Some 230 species throughout the tropics and subtropics; many species are weedy and some yield useful fibers.
Note
A record from Somalia of Sida rhombifolia L. in Cuf. Enum.: 544 (1959) has not been substantiated and the species is omitted here.

[FTEA]

Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs, erect or prostrate.
Morphology General Indumentum
Indumentum simple or mostly stellate
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple (rarely not so outside Africa), lobed or not, mostly distinctly toothed, cuneate to cordate at base, usually petiolate; stipules filiform to lanceolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary or ± fasciculate in the leaf-axils, pedicellate or subsessile, often running into terminal clusters; pedicel often jointed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Epicalyx
Epicalyx absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx cupular, often angular, 5-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla mostly white to yellow or orange, mostly small
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary of 5–15 carpels, each with a single pendulous ovule.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style branches as many as carpels
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps ± trigonous, ultimately separating from columella, dehiscent at apex or less often at base or indehiscent, smooth or variously sculptured, glabrous or pubescent, usually distinctly beaked, the beak often bearing 1–2 short to long awns
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds triangular-reniform with little or no endosperm.
Note
A key to the sections of the genus is given by Fryxell in Sida 11: 63–64 (1985).

Native to:

Alabama, Aldabra, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, Chile North, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Howland-Baker Is., Illinois, India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Line Is., Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Mexico, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Phoenix Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Socotra, Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South China Sea, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Turks-Caicos Is., Tuvalu, Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Wake I., Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Ascension, Azores, Belgium, Canary Is., Central American Pac, Chile Central, Cook Is., Czechoslovakia, District of Columbia, Easter Is., Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Korea, Madeira, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, Norfolk Is., Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Pitcairn Is., Portugal, Primorye, Sinai, Solomon Is., St.Helena, Tokelau-Manihiki, West Virginia

Sida L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Gomes, A.P.S. [64], Brazil K001217134 Yes
Pickersgill, B. [72-268], Brazil K001217136 Yes
Mamede, M.C.H. [CFCR/6381], Brazil K001217181 Yes
Gomes, A.P.S. [3], Brazil K001217131 Yes
Eden, M.J. [EM/10], Brazil K001217166 Yes
Andrade, K. [263], Brazil K001217172 Yes
Rambo, B. [45288], Brazil K001217154 Yes
Eiten, G. [1711], Brazil K001217160 Yes
Eden, M.J. [EM/6], Brazil K001217162 Yes
Irwin, H.S. [17581], Brazil K001217143 Yes
Inácio, E. [8], Brazil K001217133 Yes
Gomes, A.P.S. [146], Brazil K001217175 Yes
Weiss [s.n.], Brazil K001217146 Yes
Rambo, B. [43285], Brazil K001217155 Yes
Pickersgill, B. [s.n.], Brazil K001217139 Yes
Eden, M.J. [65], Brazil K001217168 Yes
Gardner [2485], Brazil K001217151 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001217148 Yes
Gardner [2485], Brazil K001217150 Yes
Santos, T.S. [2494], Brazil K001217186 Yes
Sales, M.F. [564], Brazil K001217135 Yes
Eden, M.J. [23], Brazil K001217165 Yes
Oliveira, M. [120], Brazil K001217174 Yes
Marcon, A.B. [151], Brazil K001217176 Yes
Silva, E.I. [87], Brazil K001217177 Yes
Fevereiro, V.P.B. [M/II7], Brazil K001217158 Yes
Pickersgill, B. [72-397], Brazil K001217179 Yes
Hora, M.J. [107], Brazil K001217171 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001217149 Yes
Heringer, E.P. [14228], Brazil K001217184 Yes
Tschá, M. [191], Brazil K001217173 Yes
Agra, M.F. [698], Brazil K001217159 Yes
Eden, M.J. [51], Brazil K001217164 Yes
Pickersgill, B. [72-384], Brazil K001217138 Yes
Burchell [5171], Brazil K001217145 Yes
Heringer, E.P. [14179], Brazil K001217183 Yes
s.coll. [1320], Brazil K001217142 Yes
Eden, M.J. [EM/40], Brazil K001217163 Yes
Santos, T.S. [2494], Brazil K001217185 Yes
Souza, S.A.M. [271], Brazil K001217141 Yes
Maas, P.J.M. [325], Brazil K001217157 Yes
Eden, M.J. [79], Brazil K001217161 Yes
Eden, M.J. [EM/101], Brazil K001217167 Yes
Mynssen, C.M. [1011], Brazil K001217170 Yes
Pickersgill, B. [Ru/72/463], Brazil K001217137 Yes
Irwin, H.S. [20527], Brazil K001217156 Yes
Burchell [4440], Brazil K001217147 Yes
Heringer, E.P. [18346], Brazil K001217180 Yes
Coradin, L. [5759], Brazil K001217152 Yes
Coradin, L. [6350], Brazil K001217153 Yes
Oliveira, M. [25], Brazil K001217132 Yes
Robert, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001217144 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132300 Yes
Rico, L. [1180b], Bolivia K000295022 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132301 Yes
Stannard, B. [6314], Brazil K001217140 Yes
Mamede, M.C.H. [6381], Brazil K001217182 Yes
Silva, L.F. [14], Brazil K001217129 Yes
Zickel, C. [1], Brazil K001217130 Yes
Heringer, E.P. [16998], Brazil K001217178 Yes
Campelo, M.J. [51], Brazil K001217169 Yes

First published in Sp. Pl.: 683 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Brandão, J.L. & al. (2017). Synopsis of Sida (Malvaceae, Malvoideae, Malveae) in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil Phytotaxa 307: 205-227.
  • Cervantes Aceves, N. (1992). La Familia Malvaceae en el Estado de Jalisco, Mexico: 1-393. Editorial Universidad de Guadalajara.
  • Fryxell, P.A. (2009). A new South American subsection of Sida sect. Nelavaga (Malvaceae) with two new species Lundiana 12: 15-27.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 1: 178.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 306 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 683 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Sp. Pl.: 683 (1753) & Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 306 (1754)

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