Genus:
Glinus L.

Glinus lotoides L.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

[FZ]

Molluginaceae, M. L. Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
A decumbent, semi-prostrate or prostrate spreading rosulate herb up to 30 cm. high, diffusely branched, covered with whitish silky stellate hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, opposite or apparently verticillate; laminae 2–37 × 4–23 mm., elliptic, obovate, spathulate or circular, entire; base cuneate, apex subacute to rounded; petiole up to 1–3 cm. long, green when glabrous or glabrescent, whitish when densely covered with persistent stellate silky hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers greenish-white, sometimes with a pink tinge, apparently cleistogamous, inconspicuous, clustered at nodes, 2–10 per node; pedicels 1–4 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth-segments up to 8 mm. long, more or less keeled, acute or mucronate, remaining closed around the fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Staminodes
Staminodes 0–8, strap-shaped, 2-fid at apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens usually numerous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary of (3)5 united carpels; stigmas (3)5.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a capsule, 6 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds dark brown, usually with ridges, with or without tubercles, the aril c. 1/2 the length of the seed.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Semierect to prostrate herb, most parts with stellate hairs
Morphology Stem
Stems to 45 cm long
Morphology Leaves
Leaves elliptic to obovate or suborbicular, 10–42 x 5–22 mm, base cuneate into petiole 1–11 mm long, tip subacute to rounded, margin sometimes ± wavy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers 2–10 per node; pedicels 1.5–4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals accrescent to 5–8 x 2.5–4.5 mm, sometimes tinged pink
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Staminodes
Staminodes 0–9, ± linear, deeply 2-fid, inconspicuous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 11–30
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule (3–)5-celled
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds bluntly papillate, 0.5–0.6 mm long, brown.
Distribution
S2 widespread in tropics and subtropics.
Note
The Somali collection is densely hairy and belongs to var. lotoides. Var. virens Fenzl has a much sparser indumentum. The seeds are sold as a treatment for tapeworms in Ethiopia.

[FWTA]

Molluginaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
A herb of moist sandy places
Note
Very variable.

[FTEA]

Aïzoaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1961

Morphology General Habit
A semi-erect, decumbent or prostrate and rosette-forming pale- or grey-green diffusely-branched densely stellate pubescent herb up to 20 cm. high; branchlets 10–45 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or apparently verticillate, petiolate, 10–42 mm. long (including petiole of 1–11 mm.), 5–22 mm. broad; blade elliptic or obovate or suborbicular, plane or the veins impressed above and prominent below, entire or the margin obscurely wavy, subacute to rounded at the apex, cuneate at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers greenish-white, sometimes with a pink tinge, not conspicuous, in tight nodal fascicles, 2–10 per node, pedicellate; pedicels 1.5–4 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, free.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Staminodes
Staminodes 0–9, strap-shaped, two-pronged at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 11–30.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary of 5, rarely 3 united carpels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruiting calyx 2.5–4.5 mm. broad, 5–8 mm. long.
Figures
Fig. 5/1–7.
Habitat
Dry river-beds and by open water in scrub and bushland, especially on sandy soils; also a weed of cultivation; 0–1650 m.
Distribution
widespread in the tropics and subtropics K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, Congo, Cyprus, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gambia, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Hainan, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesser Sunda Is., Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New South Wales, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Portugal, Queensland, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, South Australia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Victoria, Vietnam, Western Australia, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Argentina Northeast, Arkansas, California, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Oklahoma, Texas

Glinus lotoides L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Greenway, P.J. [8045], Zambia 3282.000 No
Greenway, P.J. [8051], Zambia 839.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.], India K000641796 Yes
[C.V.] [2937], India K000641795 Yes
[Roxb.] [s.n.], India K000641797 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1517] K001113318 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1517] K001129325 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], India K000641794 Yes

First published in Sp. Pl.: 463 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1967). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 2: 1-581. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 4: 1-559. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmandson, J.R. (eds.) (2016). Flora of Iraq 5(1): 1-284. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1984). Flora of Bhutan 1(2): 189-462. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Jeffrey, C. (1961). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Aïzoaceae: 1-35.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Mao, A.A., Sinha, B.K., Verma, D. & Sarma, N. (2016). Check-List of Flora of Meghalaya: 1-273. Meghalaya Biodiversity Board, Shillong.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1977). Flora of Cyprus 1: 1-832. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Musselman, L.J. (2011). Checklist of Plants of Lebanon and Syria http://ww2.odu.edu/~lmusselm/plant/lebsyria/Checklist%20of%20Lebanon%20Plants.pdf.
  • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1970-1995). Flora of West Pakistan 1-131.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Shaheen, H., Qureshi, R., Akram, A., Gulfraz, M. & Potter, D. (2014). A preliminary floristic checklist of Thal desert Punjab, Pakistan Pakistn Journal of Botany 46: 13-18.
  • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
  • Singh, N.P. & al. (eds.) (2002). Flora of Mizoram 1: 1-845. Botanical Survey of India.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) in Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2012). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 3(2): 1-623. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.
  • Van Steenis, C.G.G.J. (ed.) (1948-1954). Flora Malesiana 4: 1-631. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2003). Flora of China 5: 1-505. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Yao, G. (2019). Taxonomic revision of Chinese Molluginaceae Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany 27: 713-720.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Chev. Fl. Viv. 1: 322.
  • Pax & Hoffmann in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. 16C: 222 (1934)
  • Sp. Pl. 463 (1753)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1967). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 2: 1-581. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 4: 1-559. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (1984). Flora of Bhutan 1(2): 189-462. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1977). Flora of Cyprus 1: 1-832. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Musselman, L.J. (2011). Checklist of Plants of Lebanon and Syria http://ww2.odu.edu/~lmusselm/plant/lebsyria/Checklist%20of%20Lebanon%20Plants.pdf.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Shaheen, H., Qureshi, R., Akram, A., Gulfraz, M. & Potter, D. (2014). A preliminary floristic checklist of Thal desert Punjab, Pakistan Pakistn Journal of Botany 46: 13-18.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. G. Gilbert [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • F. W. Andr., Fl. Pl. Anglo-Egypt. Sudan 1: 92 (1950).
  • Hauman, Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 107 (1951).
  • Hutch. & Dalz., Flora of West Tropical Africa 1: 114 (1927).
  • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 135 (1954).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 463 (1753).
  • Peter, Flora von Deutsch-Ostafrika 2: 256 (1938).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
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  • Flora of Somalia

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  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
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    Flora of West Tropical Africa
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  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

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  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
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  • Plants and People Africa

    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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