Phytolacca Tourn. ex L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 441 (1753)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is New World, Tropical Africa, Madagascar, E. Medit. to Temp. E. Asia and Indo-China.


Native to:

Alabama, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, California, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chile Central, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Maine, Malawi, Manchuria, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nebraska, Nepal, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Nicaragua, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Puerto Rico, Québec, Rhode I., Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Carolina, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Trinidad-Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, West Himalaya, West Virginia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Ascension, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Belgium, Bermuda, Botswana, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Cook Is., Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, India, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jawa, Kriti, Krym, Libya, Madeira, Malaya, Mauritius, Morocco, Namibia, Netherlands, New Caledonia, New South Wales, New Zealand North, Norfolk Is., North Caucasus, Northern Territory, Palestine, Portugal, Primorye, Queensland, Romania, Réunion, Sardegna, Sicilia, South Australia, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Victoria, Western Australia, Yugoslavia


Heterotypic Synonyms


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POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. Scientific Data 8: 215.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 96.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Sp. Pl. 1: 441 (1753)
  • in Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 200 (1754).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • H. Walt. in E.P. IV. 83: 36 (1909)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 200 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 441 (1753)

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Mar 31, 2017 Tredwell; Hahn [257] Peru K001611457 Yes
Jan 1, 2008 Nascimento, J.; Silveira, E.A.; Philippsen, M.; Bessa, M.A. [63] Brazil K000578499 No
Nov 1, 2005 Etuge, M. [5180] Cameroon K000338833 No
Mar 1, 2005 Tchiengue, B. [1935] Cameroon K000461039 No
Sep 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [1681] Cameroon K000008085 No
May 1, 2000 Cheek, M. [9908] Cameroon K000339631 No
May 1, 2000 Pollard, B.J. [366] Cameroon K000339630 No
Nov 25, 1987 Monteiro [1073] Angola K000244142 Unknown Type Material Yes
Nov 25, 1987 Welw. [2438] Angola K000244141 Unknown Type Material Yes
Jan 1, 1987 Manning, S.D. [1267] Cameroon K000025002 No
Jan 1, 1986 Thomas, D.W. [5500] Cameroon K000025001 No
Oct 20, 1969 Bridges [s.n.] Chile K000601169 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1965 Steudner [557] Ethiopia K000244140 Type Yes
Jan 21, 1915 Smith, C. [s.n.] Congo, Democratic Republic of the K000244134 Unknown Type Material Yes
Schimper [1541] Ethiopia K000244139 Unknown Type Material Yes
Meurillon, A. [CNAD 656] Cameroon K000070649 No
Hildebrandt, J.M. [3578] Madagascar K000244143 Unknown Type Material Yes
Dunlap [128] Cameroon K000070648 No
Bojer [s.n.] Madagascar K000244144 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K000779557 Unknown Type Material Yes
Zenker, G.A. [1509] Cameroon K000244135 Unknown Type Material Yes
Sanchez, H.L. [2128] Ecuador K001516489 Yes
Thomas, D.W. [3282] Cameroon K000025004 No
Rico, L.; Windsor-Shaw, T. [1207] Bolivia K000295054 No
Jackson G. [2506] Cameroon K000025003 No
Schimper [131] Ethiopia K000244136 Unknown Type Material Yes
Schimper [131] Ethiopia K000244137 Unknown Type Material Yes
Zenker; Staudt. [97] Cameroon K000244132 Unknown Type Material Yes
K:SPC-16964.000 No
Mann, G. [1090] K000244133 Unknown Type Material Yes
Last, J., T. [s.n.] Tanzania K000244138 Unknown Type Material Yes
Meurillon, A. [CNAD 649] Cameroon K000070650 No


  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.