Gomphrena L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Central Malesia to Australia, Tropical & Subtropical America.

[FZ]

Amaranthaceae, C. C. Townsend. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Annual or occasionally perennial herbs with entire, opposite leaves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal or axillary, capitate or spicate, solitary or glomerate, often subtended by a pair of sessile leaves, bracteate with the bracts persistent in fruit, the axis frequently thickened.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite, each solitary in the axil of a bract, bibracteolate; bracteoles laterally compressed, carinate, often more or less winged or cristate along the dorsal surface of the midrib, deciduous with the fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals 5, erect, free or almost so, more or less lanate dorsally, at least the inner 2 usually more or less indurate at the base in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5, monadelphous, the tube shortly 5-dentate with entire to very deeply bilobed teeth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style short or long, stigmas 2, suberect or more or less divergent to very short.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary with a single pendulous ovule.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a thin-walled, irregularly rupturing utricle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed ovoid, compressed.

[FTEA]

Amaranthaceae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

Morphology General Habit
Annual or occasionally perennial herbs with entire opposite leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal or axillary, capitate or spicate, solitary or glomerate, often subtended by a pair of sessile leaves, bracteate with the bracts persistent in fruit, the axis frequently thickened
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite, each solitary in the axil of a bract, bibracteolate; bracteoles (in African species) laterally compressed, carinate, often ± winged or cristate along the dorsal surface of the midrib, deciduous with the fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals 5, erect, free or almost so, ± lanate dorsally, at least the inner 2 usually ± indurate at the base in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5, monadelphous, the tube shortly 5-dentate with entire to very deeply bilobed teeth; anthers unilocular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary with a single pendulous ovule; style short or long; stigmas 2, suberect or ± divergent, filiform to very short
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a thin-walled irregularly rupturing capsule
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed ovoid, compressed.

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Chile Central, Chile North, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Louisiana, Maluku, Maryland, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Northern Territory, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Queensland, South Australia, Texas, Uruguay, Venezuela, Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Alabama, Angola, Arkansas, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Congo, Cook Is., Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Free State, Gabon, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Pennsylvania, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Carolina, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Xinjiang, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Gomphrena L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Froggatt, W.W. [13], Australia K000357337 Yes
Sakuragui, C.M. [CFCR/13885], Brazil K001207798 Yes
Giulietti, A.M. [2216], Brazil K001209320 Yes
Inácio, E. [125], Brazil K001209325 Yes
Figueiredo, L. [255], Brazil K001209321 Yes
Ratter, J.A. [6688], Brazil K001209316 Yes
Giulietti, A.M. [2426], Brazil K001209319 Yes
Tschá, M.C. [258], Brazil K001209323 Yes
Harley, R.M. [20897], Brazil K001209313 Yes
Giulietti, A.M. [s.n.], Brazil K001209314 Yes
Gomes, A.P.S. [8], Brazil K001209327 Yes
Ratter, J.A. [6688], Brazil K001209315 Yes
Rodal, M.J.N. [626], Brazil K001209326 Yes
Harley, R.M. [54528], Brazil K001209318 Yes
Pimentel, D.S. [14], Brazil K001209322 Yes
Inácio, E. [13], Brazil K001209329 Yes
Esteves, G.L. [CFCR 6054], Brazil K001207794 Yes
Tschá, M.C. [113], Brazil K001209328 Yes
Rodal, M.J.N. [658], Brazil K001209324 Yes
Ganev, W. [3126], Brazil K001207795 Yes
Harley, R.M. [54842], Brazil K001209317 Yes
Sakuragui, C.M. [s.n.], Brazil K001209312 Yes

First published in Sp. Pl.: 224 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 75.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Sp. Pl. 1: 224 (1753)
  • in Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 105 (1754).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 105 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 224 (1753)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Neotropikey

    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0