Lactuca saligna L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 796 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Azores, Europe to Iran, NW. Africa. It is an annual or biennial and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Descriptions

Ghazanfar, S. A., Edmondson, J. R. & Hind, D. J. N. (Eds). (2019). Flora of Iraq, Volume 6: Compositae.Kew Publishing

Morphology General Habit
Annual or rarely biennial with woody base, with many slender ascending whitish stems, to 0.5 m tall, smooth or prickly in lower part
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, oblong-ovate (basal) to linear (cauline), 3–20 × 0.4–0.5 cm, sagittate-auriculate at base, basal runcinate-pinnatifid, cauline leaves usually simple, all dark green, underside of midrib sometimes prickly- setose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence spicate, with sessile groups of (1–)2–4 capitula, about 11-flowered; involucres cylindrical; phyllaries glabrous, purple-tinged around midrib; inner phyllaries 4–6, lanceolate, increasing in length at base in fruit to become linear, c. 14 mm long and spreading, fruiting involucre 1–2.5 mm wide, not abruptly contracted above achene bodies
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corollas yellow, ligules 10 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes obovoid, body 3.5–4.5 mm, tapering into very slender beak, compressed, many-ribbed, dull brown; beak equaling body.
Ecology
Occasional by rivers or in other damp situations; alt. up to 250 m;
Phenology
flowering & fruiting: not known.
Distribution
Occasional, mainly in irrigated areas. Mediterranean Europe, Arabia, Palestine, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Caucasia, Iran, N Africa (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt); naturalized in N America.
[FIQ]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora of Iraq

    • Ghazanfar, S. A., Edmondson, J. R. (Eds). (2013-2019). Flora of Iraq, Volumes 5.1, 5.2 and 6.0. Kew Publishing
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images