Begonia L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics to Central China.


Begoniaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Herbs and subshrubs, often acaulescent (rarely so in F.Z. area), often with tuberous caudices or creeping rhizomes, or climbing by adventitious roots.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ± asymmetric27, palmate-veined, lobed, toothed or entire, simple or very rarely pinnate (not in F.Z. area), sometimes peltate (not in F.Z. area); stipules free, persistent or deciduous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
female flowers: tepals 2–5(6–9), often persistent; ovary inferior, (2)3(4–6)-locular (always 3-celled in F.Z. area), usually angled or winged; styles 2–6, free or connate, usually bifid but occasionally multifid (not in F.Z. area), branches stigmatic and often twisted; placentation axile, placentae entire or bilamellate (2-lobed in transverse section); ovules ?. male flowers: tepals 2–5, free or very rarely connate; stamens ?, filaments free or very rarely connate; anthers ovoid to oblong, rarely circular or linear, dehiscing by lateral slits or rarely with apical pores. Flowers monoecious, ± zygomorphic, in terminal and axillary cymes; tepals pink, orange, yellow or white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a capsule or berry, usually with irregular dehiscence; seeds minute and very numerous.


Begoniaceae, Vanessa Plana, Martin J.S. Sands & Henk J. Beentje. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

Description as for the family, except for those characters distinguishing Hillebrandia, namely: perianth segments (10 in male flowers, 8–10 in female flowers) in two distinct whorls, ovary semi-inferior, and fruit dehiscing between the styles.
The genus Begonia has been divided into more than 60 Sections of which 16 are represented in Africa. Species belonging to five of these occur in the FTEA area together with B. humilis, a naturalised species of the American Section, Doratometra. A key to the Sections based only on species found in the FTEA is given on p. 21.


Girmansyah D. 2017. Two new species of Begonia (Begoniaceae) from Long Duhung, Berau Regency, East Kalimantan, Borneo Island, Indonesia. Kew Bulletin 72:3. DOI 10.1007/S12225-016-9665-2

Begonia duhungensis is another member of section Petermannia, but does have three alternate female flowers arising from the lower inflorescence. This character in unusual in section Petermannia in which, usually, the female flowers arise from the base of the inflorescences in pairs or as single flowers.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Réunion, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Ascension, Cook Is., Eritrea, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Korea, Society Is., St.Helena

Begonia L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Sep 1, 2016 Beaman, J.H. [6781], Sabah K001235072 No
Jan 1, 2009 van der Burgt [869] K000634002 Yes
Sep 1, 1989 Thomas, D.W. [4201], Cameroon K000050456 No
Tchiengue [2638] K000580344 No
Tchiengue [2615] K000580346 No
Tchiengue [2276] K000580347 No
Tchiengue [2247] K000580348 No
Tchiengue [2753] K000580349 No
Tchiengue [2229] K000580353 No
Tchiengue [2248] K000518594 No
Tchiengue [1911] K000518597 No
Tchiengue [2188] K000580352 No
Tchiengue [1882] K000580351 No
Tchiengue [2576] K000580350 No
Tchiengue [2797] K000580342 No
Tchiengue [1912] K000580341 No
Tchiengue [1962] K000518607 No
van der Burgt [869] K000460227 No
Kenneth Tah [301] K000518596 No
Kenneth Tah [313] K000518605 No
Kenneth Tah [295] K000518606 No
Steyermark, J. [75502] 11574.000 No
Drummond, R.B. [1897], Tanzania 11576.000 No
11577.000 No
16618.000 No
Osmaston, H.A. [1886], Congo, DRC 16619.000 No
Forman, L. [248], Indonesia 17233.000 No
Coode, M. [4607], Reunion 35416.000 No
37358.000 No
Coode, M. [5455], Philippines 49766.000 No
5180.000 No
Forman, L. [204], Indonesia 5181.000 No
Forman, L. [207], Indonesia 5182.000 No
Mason, M., Guyana 5183.000 No
Pan, J.T.S., Malaysia 52564.000 No
Lewis, G.P. [753], Brazil 56000.000 No
Coode, M.J.E. [7191], Brunei 61305.000 No
Beentje, H.J. [4650], Madagascar 62804.000 No
Guyana 6980.000 No
Mason, L.M., Guyana 9981.000 No
Johns, R.J. [9257], New Guinea 70626.000 No
Triono, T. [137], New Guinea 64381.000 No
Utteridge, T.M.A. [348], New Guinea 70654.000 No
Triono, T. [136], New Guinea 70644.000 No
Triono, T. [135], New Guinea 70638.000 No
Triono, T. [134], New Guinea 70646.000 No
Triono, T. [137], New Guinea 70630.000 No
Sands, M.J.S. [7252], Indonesia 72492.000 No
Johns, R.J. [10687], Indonesia 72495.000 No
Sands, M.J.S. [7253], Indonesia 72502.000 No
Sands, M.J.S. [7253], Indonesia 72503.000 No
Sands [3921] 73692.000 No
Sands, M.J.S. [7210], Indonesia 74013.000 No
Sands, M.J.S. [7171], Indonesia 74018.000 No
Sands, M.J.S. [7138], Indonesia 74019.000 No
Sands, M.J.S. [7150], Indonesia 73351.000 No
Rico, L. [1484], Bolivia K000295443 No
Rico, L. [1314], Bolivia K000295145 No
Sands [3933] 44012.000 No
Wood, J. J. [941], Indonesia 65171.000 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132353 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 9107] K001132226 Yes
Thomas, D.W. [4243], Cameroon K000051416 No
Thomas, D.W. [3292], Cameroon K000051417 No
Lewis, G. P. [213], Malaya 76166.000 No
Johns, R.J. [9258], Indonesia 73349.000 No
Utteridge, T.M.A. [191], Indonesia Symbegonia 70104.000 No
Utteridge, T.M.A. [194], Indonesia Symbegonia 62411.000 No
Edwards, P.J. [4393], New Guinea Symbegonia 70460.000 No
Willis, F.R. [270], Indonesia Symbegonia 72297.000 No
Sands, M.J.S. [7033], Indonesia Symbegonia 74026.000 No

First published in Sp. Pl.: 1056 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Girmansyah, D. (2009). A taxonomic study of Bali and Lombok Begonia (Begoniaceae) Reinwardtia 12: 419-434.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.


Kew Bulletin

  • Candolle, A. L. P. P. de (1859). Memoire sur la famille des Begoniacees. Ann. Sci. Nat, Bot, Ser. 4 11: 93 - 149.
  • Chong, F. Y., Guanih, V. S. & Rimi, R. (2015b). Begoniakibambanganensis and B. melanosticta (Begoniaceae), two New Species from Sabah, Borneo. Sandakania 20: 1 - 6.
  • Chong, F. Y., Guanih, V. S., Julia, S. & Kiew, R. (2015a). Begonia (Begoniaceae) in the Danum Valley Conservation Area, Sabah, Borneo, includ­ing Eleven New Species. Sandakania 20: 51 - 85.
  • Doorenbos, J., Sosef, M. S. M. & De Wilde, J. J. F. E. (1998). The sections of Begonia including descrip­tions, keys and species lists (Studies in Begoniaceae VI). Wageningen Agr. Univ. Pap. 98(2): 1 - 266.
  • Girmansyah, D. & Susanti, R. (2015). Two new species of Begonia from Borneo. Kew Bull. 70: DOI 10.1007/S12225-015-9569-6
  • Hughes, M. (2008). An Annotated Checklist of South-East Sulawesi Asian Begonia. Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • IUCN (2012). IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1. Second edition. IUCN, Gland and Cambridge.
  • Joffre, A. A., Kiew, R., Julia, S. & Rimi, R. (2015). The Begoniaceae of Brunei Darussalam, Borneo, including Two New Species. Sandakania 20: 7 - 50.
  • Julia, S. & Kiew, R. (2014). Diversity of Begonia (Begoniaceae) in Borneo — How many species are there? Reinwardtia 14: 233 - 236.
  • Julia, S. , Kiew, R. & Ling, C. Y & Geri, C. (2015b). Begonia (Begoniaceae) from Kubah National Park and Environs, Sarawak, Borneo, including a New Spe­cies. Sandakania 20: 87 - 106.
  • Julia, S. , Kiew, R. & Ling, C. Y. (2015a). A Decade of Begonia (Begoniaceae) from Sarawak, Borneo. Sandakania 20: 129 - 154.
  • Julia, S. & Ling C. Y. (2015). Eight New species of Begonia (Begoniaceae) from Murum Dam, Sarawak, Bor­neo. Sandakania 20: 107 - 128
  • Kiew, R. (2001). The limestone Begonias of Sabah, Borneo — flagship species for conservation. Gard. Bull. Singapore 53(1 - 2): 241 - 286.
  • Kiew, R. , Julia, S., Rimi, R. & Joffre, A. A. (2015). A Guide to Begonias of Borneo. Natural History Publication (Borneo). Kota Kinabalu.
  • Kiew, R. (2005). Begonia in Peninsular Malaya. Natural History Publications (Borneo).
  • Lin, C. W., Chung, S. W. & Peng, C. I. (2014a). Begonia baik and B. padawanensis spp. nov. (Begoniaceae) from sandstone area in Sarawak, Malaysia. Nordic J. Bot. doi:10.1111/njb.00641.
  • Lin, C. W., Chung, S. W. & Peng, C. I. (2014b). Three new species of Begonia (section Petermannia, Begoniaceae) From Sarawak, Borneo. Phytotaxa 191 (1): 129 - 140.
  • Lin, C. W., Chung, S. W. & Peng, C. I. (2014c). Begonia hoesensis (section Reichenheimia, Begoniaceae) a new species from Sarawak, Malaysia. Taiwaniana 59 (4): 326 - 330. DOI:10.6165/tai.2014.59.4.326
  • Linnaeus C. (1753). Species plantarum. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae [Stockholm].
  • Rimi, R., Karim, R. M. & Mujih, H. (2015b). Three New Begonia (Begoniaceae) Species from Ultramafic Outcrops in Kinabalu Park, Sabah, Malaysia. Sandakania 20: 155 - 164.
  • Rimi, R., Sampang, K. & Limbawang, S. (2015a). Begonia (Begoniaceae) from Tawau Hills Park, Sabah, Malaysia, including Ten New Species. Sandakania 20: 165 - 204.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 2: 569.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Barkley & Golding, The species of the Begoniaceae, ed. 2 (1974).
  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 475 (1754).
  • Sp. PL 2: 1056 (1753)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • E.& P. Pf. ed. 2, 21: 548–588 (1925)
  • E.J. 81: 106–188 (1961)
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 1056 (1753);

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