Ardisia Sw.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

[FTEA]

Myrsinaceae, P. Halliday. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1984

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs, trees or woody herbs, hermaphrodite or ♀
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually marked with dark, often raised dots or streaks
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence axillary, with a bract-covered peduncle shorter than or equalling the petioles and bearing less than 12 flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 5-merous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals imbricate, the latter shortly united and sometimes contorted in bud
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens subsessile on lower 1/3 of petals; anthers large, dehiscing by longitudinal slits, often adnate in bud
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary with several to many ovules in several rows but in African species usually with placenta bearing few ovules which are in 1 row on the upper half of the placenta and attached basally to it; style long, slender; stigma minute, punctiform
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit globose, 1-seeded; endocarp brittle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed globose, covered by remnants of placenta; embryo transverse, straight or slightly curved.

[KBu]

Julius, A. & Utteridge, T.M.A. Kew Bull (2012) 67: 379. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-012-9374-4

Morphology General Habit
Herbs or low subshrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves subopposite, subverticillate or crowded towards the stem apex, rarely alternate; margins finely and densely serrate or serrulate-denticulate (rarely nearly entire), lacking marginal glands
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 5-merous; sepals spreading at anthesis, not or scarcely overlapping; filaments short or very short; styles inserted before anthesis; ovules few to many in 1 – 3 series.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, in axils of fully-developed or bract-like leaves; simple racemes appearing umbellate or corymbose or compound-racemose (appearing umbellate-paniculate)

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Central American Pac, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Korea, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Ogasawara-shoto, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Zaïre

Introduced into:

Alabama, Bermuda, Cook Is., Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Louisiana, Mauritius, Northern Territory, Réunion, Samoa, Seychelles, Society Is., Texas

Ardisia Sw. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Forman, L. [178], Indonesia 7019.000 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K000802073 Yes
Thomas, D.W. [388], Cameroon K000027702 No
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 9128], Malaysia K001132247 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K000802075 Yes
Lyne [150], Tanzania K000791916 Yes
Lyne [150], Tanzania K000802074 Yes

First published in Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ.: 48 (1788)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Jackes, B.R. (2009). Taxonomic revision of Australian Myrsinaceae: Ardisia Sw. and Terardisia Mez Austrobaileya 8: 1-23.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Mez in E.P. IV. 236: 57 (1901)
  • Prodr.: 3, 48 (1788)

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China

    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Bulletin

    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0