Ardisiandra Hook.f.

First published in J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 7: 205 (1863)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Tropical African Mountains.

Descriptions

Primulaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
Pilose creeping herbs with leafy stems.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, alternate, orbicular, coarsely lobed and toothed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes few–flowered, extra–axillary, short–peduncled; flowers pedicellate and bracteate, inconspicuous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx segments 5, free or somewhat accrescent, persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla campanulate, with 5 lobes 1/3–1/2 the length of the corolla.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5, oppositipetalous; filaments short, connate below into a continuous ring fused at the base to the corolla–tube; anthers apiculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary multiovulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule globose, dehiscent by 5 apical valves or indehiscent, many–seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds angular, blackish, papillose.
[FZ]

Primulaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1958

Morphology General Habit
Pubescent herbs, creeping and rooting at the nodes or more or less acaulescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, alternate, ovate to orbicular, coarsely lobed and toothed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small, pedicellate, bracteate, in few-flowered short extra-axillary sessile or pedunculate racemes; bracts linear, situated at or near the base of the pedicels
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-segments 5 (rarely and abnormally up to 7) ± ovate, acute, ciliate, sometimes somewhat accrescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla campanulate; lobes 5, about 1/3 of the length of the corolla, sometimes ciliate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens shortly connate at the base into a ring which is adnate to the corolla; filaments short; anthers apiculate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary globose, setulose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule globose, dehiscing by 5 short cartilaginous valves, or indehiscent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 3angled, minutely papillose
Distribution
The genus is confined to the mountains of tropical Africa
Note
It is very closely related to Cortusa L. with a few species in central Europe and Asia.
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0