Codiaeum Rumph. ex A.Juss.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Malesia to SW. Pacific.

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Monoecious or occasionally dioecious shrubs or small trees with or without a simple indumentum
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, petiolate, minutely stipulate or not, simple and entire or occasionally trilobate, sometimes with the lamina recurved, twisted or interrupted, penninerved, eglandular or subeglandular at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary or subterminal, often subtended by a small orbicular leaf, laxly racemose, solitary or sometimes binate, usually unisexual, pedunculate; ♂ bracts 1–6-flowered; ♀ bracts 1-flowered
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers: pedicels slender, articulate; sepals (3–)5(–6), free, imbricate; petals (3–)5(–6), small, minute or 0; disc-glands 5–15, small, free, alternating with the petals; stamens 15–100, filaments free, anthers erect, extrorse, dorsifixed, connective broad, thecae apically confluent, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode 0 Female flowers: pedicels short and stouter than in ♂, not articulate; sepals smaller than in ♂, otherwise ± similar; petals 0; disc shallowly cupular, entire or ± so; ovary 3-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles 3, shortly connate at the base, spreading or recurved, simple, rarely bipartite
sex Male
Male flowers: pedicels slender, articulate; sepals (3–)5(–6), free, imbricate; petals (3–)5(–6), small, minute or 0; disc-glands 5–15, small, free, alternating with the petals; stamens 15–100, filaments free, anthers erect, extrorse, dorsifixed, connective broad, thecae apically confluent, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode 0
sex Female
Female flowers: pedicels short and stouter than in ♂, not articulate; sepals smaller than in ♂, otherwise ± similar; petals 0; disc shallowly cupular, entire or ± so; ovary 3-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles 3, shortly connate at the base, spreading or recurved, simple, rarely bipartite
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit globose or tridymous, dehiscing into 3 bivalved cocci
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds smooth, shiny, marbled, carunculate; testa crustaceous; albumen fleshy; cotyledons broad, flat.

[FZ]

Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

Morphology General Habit
Monoecious or occasionally dioecious shrubs or small trees with a simple indumentum, or glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, petiolate, minutely stipulate or stipules absent, simple, entire or 3-lobed, occasionally the lamina contorted or interrupted along the midrib, penninerved, eglandular or ± so.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary or subterminal, racemose, solitary or paired, usually unisexual, pedunculate; male bracts 1–6-flowered; female bracts l-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers: pedicels slender, jointed; sepals (3)5(6), closely imbricate; petals (3)5(6), small, minute or absent; disk glands 5–15, free, alternipetalous; stamens 15–100, filaments free, anthers erect, extrorse, dorsifixed, connective broad, thecae apically confluent, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode absent. Female flowers: pedicels shorter and stouter than in the male, not jointed; sepals smaller than in the male, otherwise ± similar; petals absent; disk shallowly cupular, subentire or shallowly 5-lobed; ovary 3-locular, 1 ovule per locule; styles 3, shortly connate at the base, spreading or recurved, usually simple.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit globose or 3-lobed, dehiscing septicidally into 3 bivalved cocci; pericarp thin; endocarp thinly woody; columella persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid to subglobose, carunculate; testa smooth, shiny, marmorate, crustaceous; albumen fleshy; cotyledons broad, flat.

Native to:

Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Fiji, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Maluku, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Philippines, Queensland, Santa Cruz Is., Solomon Is., Sulawesi, Vanuatu

Introduced into:

Bangladesh, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Cook Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, Gambia, Gilbert Is., Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Leeward Is., Line Is., Marianas, Marshall Is., Mozambique, Niue, Puerto Rico, Samoa, Society Is., Thailand, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Venezuelan Antilles, Wake I., Wallis-Futuna Is., Windward Is.

Codiaeum Rumph. ex A.Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Euphorb. Gen.: 33 (1824)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Euph. Gen. Tent.: 33, t. 9, f. 30 (1824).
  • Müller Argoviensis in De Candolle, Prodr. 15, 2: 1116 (1866).
  • Pax in Engler, Pflanzenr. [IV, fam. 147, iii] 47: 23 ( 1911), nom. conserv.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Euphorb. Gen. Tent.: 33, t. 9, fig. 30 (1824)
  • G.P. 3(1): 299 (1880)
  • Muell. Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 1116 (1866)
  • Pax in E.P. IV. 147(3): 23 (1911), nom. conserv.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0