Geranium Tourn. ex L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. & Subtropical to Tropical Mountains.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Herbs or rarely shrublets
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate or opposite, palmately lobed or dissected
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 2–3 together or solitary, regular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals usually awn-tipped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals mostly notched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10, usually all fertile; filaments free or basally united
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles adhering to the beak; stigmas 5, filiform
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps with beak rolling upwards into a flat spiral at maturity, remaining attached at the apex.
Distribution
Some 360 species, mainly in temperate regions.
Note
The Somali species belong to section Trilopha Yeo (Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 89: 13–14, 1984).

[FTEA]

Geraniaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University College Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs, rarely subshrubs, sometimes tufted, occasionally woody at the base
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate or opposite, petiolate, palmatelylobed or dissected, rarely toothed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a simple axillary umbel of 2–3 flowers or the flowers solitary, the peduncle occasionally very short or lacking
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers actinomorphic
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, imbricate, usually awn-tipped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, mostly notched, hypogynous, imbricate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10, usually all fertile, very rarely 5 without anthers; filaments free or shortly connate at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Extrastaminal glands 5 and alternating with the petals, generally located at the base of the stamens
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 5-lobed and 5-locular, usually long beaked, each locule containing 2 superposed ovules, 1 ovule aborting; style glabrous inside, adhering to the beak, recoiled at maturity but not twisting; stigmas 5, filiform
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a schizocarp containing 4–5 mericarps, dehiscing by the splitting of the rostrum, the segments of which roll upwards, remaining attached at the apex, thus releasing the 1-seeded mericarp from the base of the calyx; in many species the mericarps open at the same time and the seeds are shot out
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds with thin endosperm or exalbuminous; embryo with leafy cotyledon, curved or folded.

[FZ]

Geraniaceae, T. Müller. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 5-lobed, 5-locular; loculi 2-ovulate, with 1 ovule aborting.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a capsule, dehiscing by the splitting of the rostrum, the segments of which roll upwards (remaining attached at the apex) releasing the cocci from the base of the calyx.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds with little or no endosperm.
Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate or opposite, stipulate, palmately lobed or dissected.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers actinomorphic, solitary or in pairs, axillary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals and petals 5.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk-glands present.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10 (rarely 5), usually all antheriferous; filaments slightly connate at the base or sometimes free.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Algeria, Altay, Amur, Angola, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, Florida, France, Free State, Føroyar, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Hawaii, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, Nigeria, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Bahamas, Bermuda, Cape Verde, Dominican Republic, Falkland Is., Greenland, Haiti, Jamaica, Kermadec Is., Labrador, Malaya, Norfolk Is., Paraguay, Réunion

Geranium Tourn. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2004 Ahlberg, F. [s.n.], Sweden K000380401 Yes
Pennington, T.D. [5386], Ecuador 25586.000 No
Rico, L. [1299], Bolivia K000295046 No
Rico, L. [1916], Morocco K000564899 No
Rico, L. [1926], Morocco K000564890 No
Rico, L. [1939], Morocco K000564879 No
Rico, L. [1741], Armenia K000297315 No
Rico, L. [1744], Armenia K000297259 No
Rico, L. [1752], Armenia K000297266 No
Rico, L. [1729], Armenia K000297320 No
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8561], India K001125860 Yes
Rico, L. [1774], Armenia K000297089 No
Rico, L. [1933], Morocco K000564883 No
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 8562], India K001125862 Yes
Rico, L. [1753], Armenia K000297294 No
Rico, L. [1757], Armenia K000297289 No
Rico, L. [1683], Armenia K000297327 No
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8562], India K001125861 Yes
Rico, L. [1736], Armenia K000297313 No
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8561], India K001125859 Yes
Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 8564], India K001125864 Yes
Rico, L. [1751], Armenia K000297265 No
Rico, L. [1661], Armenia K000297349 No

First published in Sp. Pl.: 676 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 1: 290.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 306 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 676 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 306 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 676 (1753)

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China

    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0