Olea L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World to SW. Pacific.

[FTEA]

Oleaceae, W. B. Turrill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1952

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs, with simple, opposite, and generally entire leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small in axillary or terminal panicles, hermaphrodite, polygamous, or dioecious
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx truncate to 4-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla with a short tube, campanulate; with 4 induplicate-valvate, valvate, or slightly imbricate segments
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2, inserted by short filaments on the corolla tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary bilocular, usually 2 pendulous ovules in each loculus; style short, stigma more or less capitate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a drupe with a hard bony endocarp
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds typically solitary, endospermous.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, simple
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers small, in paniculate inflorescences
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes 4, short
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla cup-shaped with a short tube; lobes 4, valvate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2; anthers introrse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary subglobose with 2 pendulous ovules in each cell; style short, with±capitate stigma
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a drupe with a hard endocarp, usually 1-seeded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed with endosperm.
Distribution
Genus of c. 34 species in tropical and warm temperate parts of the Old World, including the cultivated olive.

[FZ]

Oleaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
Trees and shrubs, often with very hard wood.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite and decussate, simple, often lepidote; acarodomatia absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small, borne in paniculate cymes, 4–merous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx lobes shallow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla valvate, with very short tube and ovate petals, these not cucullate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2, inserted on corolla tube; anthers introrse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary subglobose, bilocular with 2 pendent ovules per loculus; style short, stigma capitate (obscurely biloped).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a drupe with hard thick endocarp, usually 1–seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed containing endosperm.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Assam, Baleares, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Cyprus, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Greece, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Iran, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Niger, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Portugal, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Argentina Northeast, Ascension, Bermuda, Corse, Egypt, France, Hawaii, Iraq, Korea, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Marianas, Mexico Southwest, New Zealand North, St.Helena, Taiwan, Tubuai Is.

Olea L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Hughes, J.F. [161], Tanzania 14608.000 No
Hughes, J.F. [162], Tanzania 14609.000 No
Hughes, J.F. [183], Tanzania 14610.000 No
Hughes, J.F. [169], Tanzania 14611.000 No
Hughes, J.F. [185], Tanzania 14612.000 No
Hughes, J.F. [165], Tanzania 14613.000 No
Hughes, J.F. [170], Tanzania 14614.000 No
Hughes, J.F. [163], Tanzania 17433.000 No
Newbury, P.E. [s.n.], Egypt K000251161 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], West Bengal K001132386 Yes
Finlayson, G. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132387 Yes

First published in Sp. Pl.: 8 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Green, P.S. (2006). World Checklist of Oleaceae Manuscript Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 4, 1: 17.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Sp.Pl. 1: 8(1753).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 8 (1754)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0