Taraxacum F.H.Wigg.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. & Subtropical to Tropical Mountains.


Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs with a rosette of leaves and a solitary capitulum on a leafless, hollow scape
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually pinnatilobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula with phyllaries in two unequal rows
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow, rarely whitish
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes fusiform, with a long beak; pappus of barbellate bristles.


Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

Morphology General Habit
Perennial scapigerous herbs with simple or branched taproots.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves radical, rosulate, entire, sinuate-dentate or runcinate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scapes 1-many, simple, hollow; capitula large solitary terminal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Involucres oblong-campanulate; phyllaries 2-seriate, the inner series erect, the outer series shorter and spreading or recurved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Receptacle
Receptacle ± flat, epaleate, pitted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corollas yellow (white), ligulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers sagittate at the base with shortly setaceous-acuminate auricles.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style branches long slender, sweeping hairs long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes fusiform-oblanceolate, many-ribbed, narrowed and shortly conical above before tapering ± abruptly into a slender stalk-like beak (rostrum), beaks rarely absent, the ribs antrorsely muricate or echinate above.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Pappus many-seriate consisting of numerous slender, unequal setae.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil South, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Corse, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, El Salvador, Falkland Is., Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Greenland, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Labrador, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Magadan, Maine, Manchuria, Manitoba, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Mexico, New South Wales, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nunavut, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Québec, Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Sicilia, South Australia, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Svalbard, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tasmania, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Victoria, Vietnam, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Western Australia, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia, Yukon

Introduced into:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Arizona, Arkansas, Bahamas, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Connecticut, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Ecuador, Florida, Free State, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Kerguelen, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Louisiana, Madagascar, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Namibia, Nebraska, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, New Zealand North, Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Prince Edward I., Queensland, Rhode I., South Carolina, South Dakota, South Georgia, Swaziland, Tennessee, Texas, Tuamotu, Uruguay, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Taraxacum F.H.Wigg. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Bautista, H.P. [PCD3705], Brazil K001031937 Yes
Lombardi, J.A. [2819], Brazil K001100158 Yes

First published in Prim. Fl. Holsat.: 56 (1780)

Accepted by

  • (2019). https://doi.org/10.1139/cjb-2018-0094. epublication.
  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.


Flora Zambesiaca

  • Prim. Fl. Hols.: 56 (1780) nom. conserv.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • K. Bremer, Asteraceae Clad. & Class.: 182 (1994), nom. conserv.
  • Prim. Fl. Hols.: 56 (1780)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0