Gaillardia pulchella Foug.

First published in Hist. Acad. Roy. Sci. Mém. Math. Phys. (Paris, 4to) 1786: 5 (1788)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Central U.S.A. to N. Mexico. It is an annual and grows primarily in the temperate biome. It is used as a medicine and has environmental uses.


Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá.

Adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 2550 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
No Evaluada

Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 2550–2550 m a.s.l. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bogotá DC.
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, artificial - terrestrial.

Ghazanfar, S. A., Edmondson, J. R. & Hind, D. J. N. (Eds). (2019). Flora of Iraq, Volume 6: Compositae.Kew Publishing

Morphology General Habit
Annual, erect, simple or more usually branched, shortly bristly and variably long- multicellular-hairy, to 47(–60) cm tall, with ribbed stems
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, lower cauline ± petiolate, oblanceolate, 2–9 × 0.7–2 cm, lyrate-pinnatifid to ± toothed, teeth often rounded; upper cauline leaves oblong-lanceolate, sessile, ± clasping, often entire but sometimes toothed or lobed, usually smaller than lower leaves All leaves variably multicellular-hairy on both surfaces, but usually more sparsely so above
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula solitary, terminal on stem and branches, long-pedunculate, about 5 cm in diameter; peduncle slender, striate, up to 18 cm long, multicellular-hairy; phyllaries herbaceous, subequal, 12 ×2–2.5 mm, connate at base; outer series lanceolate, acuminate, densely multicellular-hairy; inner series broad at base, abruptly narrowed into a long, bristly acumen; receptacular setae subulate
Ray florets corollas crimson- purple, with or without yellow tips; ray 1.8–2 cm long, externally hairy
Disc florets c. 7 mm long, tube yellow and glabrous, lobes crimson-purple and externally long-hairy; style bifid, arms compressed, appendage tapering upwards, long-papillose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achene 2–3 × 1.5–2 mm, with erect, long, stiff hairs arising from base and ± concealing achene; pappus of 5–7 chartaceous, lanceolate scales, each 4–5 mm, tapering into an awn equalling half length of scale.
Cultivated as an ornamental in Iraq; alt. up to 35 m;
flowering & fruiting: Apr.-Aug.
A native of N America, this species is cultivated in many other countries. Gaillaria aristata Pursh is also said by Husain & Kasim, l.c., to be “commonly cultivated” in Iraq (Lazar p. 430), but no specimens of this species have been seen from the Flora area.
It differs from G. pulchella in being perennial and usually having entirely yellow rays, or occasionally rays purplish at the base; its receptacle-setae exceed the achenes, whereas in G. pulchella they subequal the achenes.

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E.

Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident


Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.


  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Flora of Iraq

    • Ghazanfar, S. A., Edmondson, J. R. (Eds). (2013-2019). Flora of Iraq, Volumes 5.1, 5.2 and 6.0. Kew Publishing
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia