Peperomia Ruiz & Pav.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

[FZ]

Piperaceae, M.A. Diniz. Flora Zambesiaca 9:2. 1997

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial often succulent herbs, terrestrial epiphytic or growing on rocks; stems erect or ascending, sometimes climbing.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, opposite or verticillate, simple, entire, sometimes peltate, thin to ± fleshy, often glandular-punctate, glabrous or hairy, stipules absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of solitary or crowded spikes, terminal, leaf-opposed or axillary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite, numerous, sessile, sometimes sunk in depressions in the rhachis, usually white cream or green.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2, borne at the base of the ovary, soon deciduous; filaments short, very thin; anthers transversely oblong or subglobose, dorsifixed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose or ellipsoid, glabrous; stigma 1(2), sessile or style developed, simple, sometimes sunken, smooth or penicillate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a sessile or stipitate drupe; pericarp thin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 1, testa membranous or coriaceous; endosperm farinaceous.

[FTEA]

Piperaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial often succulent herbs, terrestrial, epiphytic or growing on rocks; stems erect, prostrate, spreading or climbing, the vascular anatomy resembling that of monocotyledons
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, opposite or verticillate, simple, entire, sometimes peltate, thin to thick and succulent, even ± globose, glabrous or pubescent with simple or branched hairs; petioles usually present; stipules absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite, numerous, congested or lax, in simple spikes or inflorescences of many spikes arranged in panicles, usually white, cream or green, sessile, sometimes borne in depressions in the rhachis; bracts round or ovate, peltate, glabrous or fimbriate, usually with gland dots
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2, borne at base of the ovary, soon deciduous; anthers subglobose or ellipsoid, 2-thecous, with filaments usually much shorter
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma 1 (rarely 2), sessile or style developed, simple or sometimes sunken, usually fimbriate, apical, subapical on the abaxial side and usually oblique or at base of apical beak
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit globose, ovoid, ellipsoid, subcylindrical or obovoid, rounded mammiform or with a small style (oblique or adnate shield-shaped or with short beak), sessile, pedicellate, or on flattened pseudopedicel, sticky, smooth or verruculose, affixed basally or subbasally
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 1; pericarp thin; endocarp slightly hardened.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Herbs, often epiphytic, ± succulent; stipules absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bisexual, subtended by small fleshy bracts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary of a single carpel; style simple
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a small berry.
Distribution
Genus of perhaps more than 1300 species, the majority in tropical America.
Note
P. abyssinica Miq. and P. tetraphylla (Forst.) Hook. & Arn. were said to occur in Somalia by Düll in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 93: 82, 96 (1973), but the localities cited are in Ethiopia.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kazan-retto, Kenya, Kermadec Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tristan da Cunha, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Easter Is., Northern Territory, Western Australia

Peperomia Ruiz & Pav. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Aug 25, 2003 SAN [143437], Sabah K000183436 No
Jan 1, 2003 Lane, P. [53], Cameroon K000180247 No
Jan 1, 2003 Cable, S. [1123], Cameroon K000180246 No
Oct 1, 1994 Lane, P. [135], Cameroon K000518910 No
Oct 1, 1994 Balding, S. [40], Cameroon K000518900 No
16976.000 No
Madagascar 17459.000 No
Madagascar 17561.000 No
Madagascar 17562.000 No
Madagascar 18136.000 No
18137.000 No
Wild, H. [37629], Zimbabwe 24383.000 No
Polhill, R. [1779], Tanzania 35287.000 No
Polhill, R. [1631], Tanzania 35290.000 No
Cable, S. [1183], Cameroon K000180269 No
Satabie, B. [246], Cameroon K000182030 No
Cable, S. [2848], Cameroon K000180263 No

First published in Fl. Peruv. Prodr.: 8 (1794)

Accepted by

  • Callejas Posada, R. (2020). Flora Mesoamericana 2(2): 1-590. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Mathieu, G. & Callejas Posada, R. (2006). New synonymies in the genus Peperomia Ruiz & Pav. (Piperaceae) - an annotated checklist Candollea 61: 331-363.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 147

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Düll in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 93: 56–129 (1973).
  • Fl. Peruv. Chilen. Prodr. : 8, t. 2 (1794).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Düll in E.J. 93: 56–129 (1973)
  • Fl. Peruv. Chilen. Prodr.: 8, t. 2 (1794)
  • Tebbs in Kubitzki et al., Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 2: 519 (1993)

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images