Araceae Juss.

Anthurium Schott

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America.


CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

General Description
HABIT : evergreen herbs, stem erect, creeping, or short- to long-climbing, rarely rhizomatous, internodes very short (plant rosulate) to elongated. LEAVES : prophylls and cataphylls usually ± persistent, entire (membranaceous) or rotting to a fibrous mass (net-fibrous), sometimes completely disappearing. PETIOLE : geniculate apically (geniculum rarely well below blade, e.g. A. oerstedianum), variously shaped in cross-section, sheath long in juvenile (monopodial) leaves, very short in sympodial leaves. BLADE : small to very large (exceeding 2m), usually coriaceous, more rarely membranaceous or stiff and brittle, extraordinarily variable in shape, linear to orbicular in outline, rarely peltate, entire to trifid or trisect, or pedatifid or subpalmatifid, or pedatisect to radiatisect, rarely the lobes or segments themselves pinnately lobed, blade base cuneate to cordate, sagittate or hastate; primary lateral veins pinnate or more rarely all arising at the base, usually forming one or more submarginal collective veins, basal ribs often present in cordate leaves, higher order venation reticulate. FLOWERING BRANCHES : sympodial units usually comprising one 2-keeled prophyll, one 1-keeled cataphyll, one foliage leaf and terminal inflorescence. INFLORESCENCE : always solitary. PEDUNCLE : usually rather elongated, rarely short. SPATHE : usually persistent, sometimes marcescent or deciduous, usually linear to linear-lanceolate, more rarely elliptic to ovate, broadly cordate to suborbicular, erect, spreading or reflexed. SPADIX : sessile to long-stipitate, usually cylindric to conic, more rarely clavate, rarely globose, very short to very long (over 1m). FLOWERS : bisexual, perigoniate; tepals 4, fornicate, in 2 decussate whorls. STAMENS : 4, filaments somewhat flattened, usually equalling tepals at anthesis, sometimes exceeding them, anthers short, connective slender, thecae ovate to oblong-ovate, dehiscing by longitudinal slit. POLLEN : forate (most often 3-4 pores), more rarely diporate, rarely inaperturate (sect. Polyphyllium), spherical to subspheroidal, small (mean 22 µm., range 14-29 µm.), exine foveolate to reticulate or subrugulate, rarely tuberculate, muri ± psilate or spinulose, apertural exine mostly psilate, rarely spinulose. GYNOECIUM : ovary ovoid to oblong or obovoid, 2-locular, ovules 1-2 per locule, rarely more, anatropous, hemianatropous or subcampylotropous, funicle short, placenta axile near apex of septum, style inconspicuous to attenuated; stigma small, subcapitate, secreting conspicuous nectar droplet at anthesis. BERRY : variously shaped from globose to elongate-fusiform, when mature exserted from tepals and usually held dangling by tiny strips of inner tepal epidermis, sometimes simply falling out of spadix, 2-4-seeded (more in sect. Tetraspermium), variously coloured, from conspicuous reds and oranges to dull purplish green, white or blueish. SEED : ± oblong to ellipsoid or subglobose, sometimes curved, testa usually smooth or somewhat verrucose, thin, usually with sticky gelatinous mass adhering to raphe, small strophiole sometimes present, embryo axile, subcylindric to conoid, sometimes curved, endosperm copious.
Plants usually an epiphyte or climbing hemiepiphyte, less often lithophyte or terrestrial; stem aerial, not tuberous or rhizomatous; petiole geniculate at apex; higher order leaf venation clearly reticulated, submarginal collective veins usually present, tissues without trichosclereids; flowers bisexual, with obvious perigone of four free tepals; spathe simple, spreading, reflexed or erect; spadix uniform in appearance with flowers of only one type; berries exserted when mature; seeds with copious endosperm; Neotropical range.
Mexico to Trop. America.
Tropical humid forest, especially diverse in cloud forests; climbing hemiepiphytes, terrestrial on forest floor, epiphytes, lithophytes, rarely helophytes or rheophytes.

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Central American Pac, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Introduced into:


Anthurium Schott appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Whitmore, T. [848], Ecuador 27561.000 No
29047.125 No
Bleher, A. [5045/66], Brazil 36027.000 No
Harley, R.M. [19430], Brazil 37825.000 No
Harley [19430], Brazil 39208.000 No
Hunt, D.R. [7043], Belize 39362.000 No
Grubb, P.J. [1159], Ecuador 40975.000 No
Mayo, S. [595], Brazil 46367.000 No
46962.000 No
47722.000 No
Harley, R. [H 19561], Brazil 51393.000 No
CFCR [1681], Brazil 58048.000 No
Mayo [728] 58136.000 No
Mayo et al [716], Brazil 59006.000 No
59017.000 No
HCL [2937] 59068.000 No
Taylor, N.P. [1585], Bahia K000302890 No
Mayo, S. [855], Bahia K000302889 No
Mayo, S. [855], Bahia K000302887 No
K000457174 No
Edwards, P. J. [2348], Brazil 65195.000 No
Kummrow, R. [1347], Brazil K001239769 Yes
Hatschbach, G. [16655], Brazil K001239775 Yes
Hatschbach, G. [28534], Brazil K001239770 Yes
Usteri, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001239777 Yes
Krapovickas, A. [38463], Brazil K001239763 Yes
Cordeiro, J. [360], Brazil K001239764 Yes
Mayo, S.J. [32], Brazil K001239779 Yes
Mayo, S. [855], Bahia K000302886 No
Ribas, O.S. [117], Brazil K001239766 Yes
Kummrow, R. [558], Brazil K001239771 Yes
Hatschbach, G. [42507], Brazil K001239767 Yes
Cordeiro, J. [443], Brazil K001239765 Yes
Dusén, P. [15250], Brazil K001239773 Yes
Hatschbach, G. [32540], Brazil K001239760 Yes
Jonsson [65 a], Brazil K001239772 Yes
Mayo, S.J. [594], Brazil K001239778 Yes
Usteri, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001239776 Yes
Krapovickas, A. [38463], Brazil K001239762 Yes
Tessmann, G. [s.n.], Brazil K001239761 Yes
Mayo, S. [855], Bahia K000302888 No
Dusén, P. [6643], Brazil K001239774 Yes
Hatschbach, G. [27593], Brazil K001239768 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Meghalaya K001132686 Yes

First published in Wiener Z. Kunst 3: 828 (1829)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Nadruz Coelho, M.A., Waechter, J.L. & Mayo, S.J. (2009). Revisão taxonômica das espécies de Anthurium (Araceae) seção Urospadix subseção Flavescentiviridia Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 60: 799-864.

  • CATE Araceae

    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images