Scleria P.J.Bergius

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical to N. America.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs of very variable habit
Morphology Culms
Culms many-noded and leafy, the stem angles and leaf margins sometimes razor sharp
Morphology Leaves
Leaves with sheaths closed, sometimes with a ligule, the throat margin sometimes extended as a tongue
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence paniculate with a terminal and usually 1–many lateral panicles from upper leaf sheaths or inflorescence glomerate-spicate and ebracteate with clusters of sessile spikelets
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets bearing flowers of one or both sexes, the bisexual ones with one basal female and one to few male flowers above; female spikelet similar but upper part reduced to 1–2 empty scales or wanting; male spikelet lacking basal female flower and more many male flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers with 3-branched style, sometimes persistent Male flowers with 1–3 stamens Flowers unisexual, solitary in the axils of spirally or distichously arranged glumes of which the lower 2–4 are empty
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets ovoid to depressed globose, somewhat trigonous, shiny-smooth, reticulate. Tuberculate or pitted; subtending hypogynium often dilated into a simple or 3-lobed disc, cup-like or almost absent.

Native to:

Alabama, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Arkansas, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Primorye, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rhode I., Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., South Carolina, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Central American Pac

Scleria P.J.Bergius appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3406] K001119326 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3415], Myanmar K001119340 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3410], Malaysia K001119334 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3413] K001119338 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3416] K001119343 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3418] K001119347 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3417], India K001119346 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3420] K001119349 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3410], Malaysia K001119333 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3408], Bangladesh K001119331 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3415], Myanmar K001119341 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3416], Malaysia K001119342 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3407], Malaysia K001119328 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3407], Malaysia K001119327 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3411], Myanmar K001119335 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3409], Singapore K001119332 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3408], India K001119330 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3411], Myanmar K001119336 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3408], Nepal K001119329 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 3420] K001119350 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3419] K001119348 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3412] K001119337 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3416] K001119344 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3416], India K001119345 Yes

First published in Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 26: 142 (1765)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • E. A. Robinson in Kew Bull. 18: 487 (1966).
  • F.T.A. 8: 493 (1902)
  • Nelmes in Kew Bull. 10: 415 (1955)
  • Nelmes in Kew Bull. 11: 73 (1956)
  • Vet. Acad. Handl. Stockh. 24: 142, t.4 & 5 (1765)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • K.B. 18: 487–551 (1966)
  • Vet. Acad. Handl. Stockholm 26: 142 (1765)

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
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  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
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