Nymphaea L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.

[FZ]

Nymphaeaceae, F. A. Mendoça. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Robust or delicate aquatic herbs, rhizome often tuberous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves large or medium, floating, emergent or submerged, lamina suborbicular to elliptic, deeply cordate, peltate, palmatinerved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4 (sometimes appearing more numerous owing to the presence of ± sepaloid petals).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5-numerous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens perigynous; filaments petaloid; anthers obtuse or appendiculate owing to a prolongation of the connective.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels numerous, pluriovulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit fleshy, ripening under water.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds small, surrounded by a pulpy, sack-like aril open at the top.

[FTEA]

Nymphaeaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Delicate to robust aquatic herbs with usually stout often tuberous rhizomes
Morphology Leaves
Leaves small to large, floating, emergent, or submerged, usually ± round or oval, often slightly to distinctly peltate, cordate, palmately nerved, entire to dentate; stipules present
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4 (but ± sepaloid petals can be present), ± green
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5–numerous, inserted at successively higher levels on the ovary, the outermost usually equalling or shorter than the sepals, the innermost shorter and narrower and grading into the stamens
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens numerous, the outer with broad petaloid filaments, all inserted towards the top of the ovary; anthers obtuse or with connective produced as an appendage
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary syncarpous, many-locular with numerous ovules in each locule; stigmatic surfaces radiating from central apical boss of the ovary and with marginal stylar processes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit fleshy or spongy, ripening under water and eventually splitting
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds small, floating due to air-containing sack-like pulpy aril and seed-wall.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually ± round to ovate, cordate, palmately nerved; stipules present
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5–numerous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Outer stamens with broad petaloid filaments
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary with stigmatic surface radiating from central apical boss and with marginal stylar processes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ripening under water and eventually splitting
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds small, floating due to air-containing sack-like aril and seed-wall.
Distribution
Over 60 species, in both tropical and temperate regions.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Bahamas, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Buryatiya, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Finland, Florida, France, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, New Brunswick, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Carolina, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Extinct in:

Sardegna, Sicilia

Introduced into:

Arizona, Ascension, California, Chile Central, Chile South, Colorado, Cook Is., Fiji, Mauritius, Nevada, New Mexico, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Oregon, Seychelles, Society Is., Tubuai Is., Utah, Victoria

English
Waterlily

Nymphaea L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Meikle, R.D., Nigeria 15396.000 No
Meikle, R.D. [531], Nigeria 39771.000 No
Troupin, G. [4134], Congo 6691.000 No
Edwards, P.J. [4098], New Guinea 64357.000 No
Bauer, P.J. [180], Cameroon K000105672 No
United Kingdom 70000.268 No

First published in Sp. Pl.: 510 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Ansari, R. & Jeeja, G. (2009). Waterlilies in India. Taxonomy and cultivation of the genus Nymphaea L. (Nymphaeaceae): 1-86. Indian Association for Angiosperm Taxonomy.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Gilg in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 41: 351 (1908).
  • —F.T.A. 1: 52

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 227 (1754) emend
  • Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 360 (1808) nom. conserv.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 510 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Chifflot, Contrib. à l’Etude Nymph. (1902)
  • Conard, The Waterlilies (1905)
  • Gilg in E.J. 41: 351–366 (1908)
  • Henkel, Rehnelt & Dittmann, Das Buch der Nymphaeaceen (1907)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 227 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 510 (1753)
  • Wiersema, Syst. Bot. Mon. 16: 1–112 (1987), nom. conserv. (with N. alba L. as type)

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China

    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Living Collection Database

    Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images