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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America, Africa to Thailand.
Lantana

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs, subshrubs or herbs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or in whorls of 3–4, usually toothed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in heads or spikes, each flower subtended by a bract
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx truncate to shallowly toothed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Tube cylindric; limb slightly 2-lipped, 4–5-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, included
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 2-celled, each cell with 1 basal ovule; stigma oblique
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a ± fleshy drupe with hard endocarp, 2-celled or splitting into 2 stones at maturity.
Distribution
Some 125 species, the majority in tropical and subtropical America, a few in the Old World.

[FTEA]

Verbenaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1992

Morphology General Habit
Erect, scandent or occasionally prostrate herbs or shrubs, with usually tomentose, scabrid-hairy or sparsely to densely prickly stems
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or in whorls of 3(–4), mostly aromatic, usually toothed, often ± bullate or rugose, usually glandular-punctate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sessile in often colourful, usually axillary, pedunculate heads or spike-like inflorescences, each flower subtended by an ovate to lanceolate usually acuminate bract
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx small, membranous, truncate or sinuate-dentate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla red, yellow, purple, blue, mauve or white, sometimes bicoloured with throat yellow to orange, often changing colour after fertilisation, salver-shaped with narrowly cylindrical tube; limb obscurely 2-lipped, 4–5-lobed, the lobes obtuse or even emarginate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, didynamous, inserted at middle of tube, included
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 2-locular with 1 basal erect ovule per locule; style short, with ± thick oblique or sublateral stigma
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Axis of fruiting spike with scars ± scattered, not close as in Lippia Drupes with ± fleshy mesocarp, rarely rather dry; endocarp hard, 2-locular or splitting into 2 1-locular pyrenes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds without albumen.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

Morphology Stem
Stems and branches tomentose, scabrid hairy, or sparsely to densely armed with prickles Stems and branches tomentose, scabrid hairy, or sparsely to densely armed with prickles.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences usually axillary, pedunculate, spicate; spikes densely cylindrical or subspherical; bracts small Inflorescences usually axillary, pedunculate, spicate; spikes densely cylindrical or subspherical; bracts small.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small, each sessile in the axil of an ovate to lanceolate usually acuminate bract Flowers small, each sessile in the axil of an ovate to lanceolate usually acuminate bract.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx small, ± tubular and shorter than the corolla tube, truncate to entire or sinuate-dentate, membranous, whitish Calyx small, ± tubular and shorter than the corolla tube, truncate to entire or sinuate-dentate, membranous, whitish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla small, hypocrateriform, red, yellow, purple, blue, mauve or white, sometimes bicoloured with the throat yellow to orange, often changing colour after fertilization; tube slender, cylindrical or enlarging above middle; limb spreading, obscurely 2-lipped, 4–5-lobed with lobes obtuse to emarginate Corolla small, hypocrateriform, red, yellow, purple, blue, mauve or white, sometimes bicoloured with the throat yellow to orange, often changing colour after fertilization; tube slender, cylindrical or enlarging above middle; limb spreading, obscurely 2-lipped, 4–5-lobed with lobes obtuse to emarginate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, included; filaments short, inserted ± at middle of corolla tube; anthers ovate, with parallel thecae Stamens 4, included; filaments short, inserted ± at middle of corolla tube; anthers ovate, with parallel thecae.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 1-carpellate; carpel 2-locular; ovules 1 per locule, basal, erect or attached laterally near the base; style undivided with a somewhat thick, oblique or sublateral stigma
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds without endosperm. Seeds without endosperm.
Note
Biegel, Check-list Ornam. Pl. Rhod. Parks & Gard. [Rhodesia Agric. J., Research Report No. 3]: 69 (1977), has recorded the following as cultivated garden ornamentals in Zimbabwe: Lantana montevidensis (Spreng.) Briq. (syn. L. sellowiana Link & Otto).  A slender, much branched trailing or procumbent subshrub with rosy-lilac or violet flowers in flattish spikes on peduncles much exceeding the leaves. Usually grown as a bedding plant or ground cover.  No specimens have been seen from the Flora Zambesiaca area.   Drap d’Or , a sterile cultivar of L. camara , with golden yellow flowers, grown in Zimbabwe gardens.  It has not become naturalized.  No specimens have been seen from the Flora Zambesiaca area. Species are notoriously difficult to determine because of the great variation exhibited, and hybridization is apparently very widespread.   See R. Fernandes in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 61 : 125–214 (1989), for discussion of problematic taxa and also of misidentifications by Moldenke (who subsequently misidentified taxa he had previously described from single specimens at intervals).
Distribution
A genus of about 270 specific and infraspecific taxa (fide Moldenke ), mostly native to subtropical and tropical America, with a few in the Old World tropics.  Several species are widely cultivated as garden ornamentals and there are numerous culti
Morphology General Habit
Shrubs, undershrubs or perennial herbs, usually erect, sometimes scandent, rarely procumbent. Shrubs, undershrubs or perennial herbs, usually erect, sometimes scandent, rarely procumbent
Morphology General Indumentum
Indumentum usually of simple appressed or spreading hairs, gland-tipped hairs sometimes also present; young parts and leaf lower surface usually glandular-punctate. Indumentum usually of simple appressed or spreading hairs, gland-tipped hairs sometimes also present; young parts and leaf lower surface usually glandular-punctate
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or in whorls of 3(4), usually decussate, simple, usually petiolate, mostly aromatic; lamina usually serrate or crenate, often ± bullate or rugose. Leaves opposite or in whorls of 3(4), usually decussate, simple, usually petiolate, mostly aromatic; lamina usually serrate or crenate, often ± bullate or rugose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 1-carpellate; carpel 2-locular; ovules 1 per locule, basal, erect or attached laterally near the base; style undivided with a somewhat thick, oblique or sublateral stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit drupaceous; mesocarp ± fleshy, rarely rather dry; endocarp hard, 2-locular, not splitting into 2 pyrenes. Fruit drupaceous; mesocarp ± fleshy, rarely rather dry; endocarp hard, 2-locular, not splitting into 2 pyrenes

Native to:

Afghanistan, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Galápagos, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Aldabra, Algeria, Andaman Is., Arkansas, Ascension, Baleares, Borneo, California, Cambodia, Canary Is., Caroline Is., Chagos Archipelago, China Southeast, Comoros, Cook Is., East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Easter Is., Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Gilbert Is., Greece, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hawaii, Italy, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kazan-retto, Kriti, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Line Is., Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Malaya, Maldives, Marianas, Marshall Is., Morocco, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicobar Is., Niue, Norfolk Is., Ogasawara-shoto, Palestine, Phoenix Is., Pitcairn Is., Portugal, Queensland, Samoa, Seychelles, Society Is., South Carolina, South China Sea, Spain, St.Helena, Sulawesi, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Tunisia, Tuvalu, Wallis-Futuna Is.

Lantana L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Guedes, M.L. [PCD5131], Bahia K000014372
Saar, E. [PCD5095], Bahia K000014377

First published in Sp. Pl.: 627 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 5: 275.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Atkins in Kadereit (ed.), Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. (Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VII: 461 (2004).
  • Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 61 : 125–214 (1989).
  • F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 37–47 (1992).
  • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 275 (1754).
  • Kadereit (ed.), Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. (Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VII: 461 (2004).
  • R. Fernandes in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 61: 125–214 (1989).
  • Sp. Pl.: 626 (1753)
  • Verdcourt in F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 37–47 (1992).

Flora of Somalia

  • Fernandes in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 61: 125–214 (1989).
  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 275 (1754)
  • R. Fernandes in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 61: 125–214 (1989)
  • Sp. Pl.: 626 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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