Solanum capsicoides All.

First published in Auct. Syn. Meth. Stirp. Hort. Regii Taur.: 12 (1773)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is S. Tropical America. It is an annual or subshrub and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome. It is has environmental uses, as a poison and a medicine and for food.

Distribution

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Colombia, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles

Introduced into:

Alabama, Assam, Belize, Bermuda, Cape Provinces, China South-Central, China Southeast, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Florida, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Japan, Laos, Leeward Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Malaya, Manchuria, Marquesas, Mexico Central, Mississippi, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New South Wales, Nicaragua, North Carolina, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Society Is., South Carolina, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Taiwan, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Vietnam, Windward Is., Zimbabwe

Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Amith, J. & collaborators (2020). Nahuatl Learning Environment http://www.balsas-nahuatl.org/index.html.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Liogier, A.H. (1994). Flora de la Española 6: 1-517. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo.
  • Lorence, D.H. & Wagnwe, W.L. (2020). Flora of the Marquesas Islands 2: 413-1135. National Tropical Botanic Garden, Smithsonian, DRPF.
  • PBI Solanum Project (2014-continuously updated). Solanaceae Source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family http://www.solanaceaesource.org/.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Amith, J. & collaborators (2020). Nahuatl Learning Environment http://www.balsas-nahuatl.org/index.html.
  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Liogier, A.H. (1994). Flora de la Española 6: 1-517. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo.
  • Lorence, D.H. & Wagnwe, W.L. (2020). Flora of the Marquesas Islands 2: 413-1135. National Tropical Botanic Garden, Smithsonian, DRPF.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Burkill HM. (1995). The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols. 1-3. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols 1-3.
  • Castañeda, R.R. (1991). Frutas silvestres de Colombia. Instituto Colombiano de Cultura Hispánica.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • PROTA (2021). Plants Resources of Tropical Africa. https://prota4u.org/database/
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Ann. Bot. 10: 19 (1912)
  • Auct. Syn. Meth. Stirp. Hort. Reg. Taurensis: 64 (1773)
  • Biol. & Tax. Solanaceae: 574 (1979);
  • Bot. Miss. Con. Kenya: 88 (1935),
  • Bothalia 18: 84 (1988);
  • F.Z. 8, 4: 69 (2005);
  • Fl. Eth. 5: 145 (2006).
  • Jaeger, Syst. stud. Solanum in Africa: 477 (1985, ined.);
  • Mélanges Philos. Mathém.: 64 (1774);
  • Polhill, Solanum in E & NE Africa: 37 (ined., 1961),
  • Purdie, Symon & Haegi, Fl. Australia 29: 118 (1982);
  • RHS Gard. Dict. 4: 317 (1997);
  • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 3: 378 (1985);

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2013 [Martius] [254], Brazil K000590070 isotype Yes
Aug 1, 2009 Pereira, J. et al. [498], Sabah K000610972 Yes
Jan 1, 2005 Townsend, USA K000196288 Yes
Feb 1, 1989 Agra, M.F. [697], Brazil K000983220 Yes
Oct 1, 1988 Agra, M.F. [662], Brazil K000983223 Yes
Jan 1, 1982 Fourcade, H.G. [1224], South Africa K000426005 isotype Yes
Jul 24, 1976 Mimura, I. [262], Brazil K000983219 Yes
Jul 24, 1976 Preston, T.A. [1872], Brazil K000983222 Yes
Jul 24, 1976 South Africa K000426006 Yes
Jul 24, 1976 Burchell [972], Brazil K000983224 Yes
Jul 22, 1976 Martius [257], Brazil K000983212 Yes
Jul 22, 1976 Mueller, F. [379], Brazil K000983285 Yes
Jul 22, 1976 Glaziou, A.F.M. [8845], Brazil K000983211 Yes
Jul 22, 1976 Boog [s.n.], Brazil K000983210 Yes
Jul 22, 1976 Martius [251], Brazil K000983213 Yes
Jul 3, 1905 Jardine, W. [s.n.] K000658609 Yes
Jul 3, 1905 Anonymous [s.n.], United Kingdom K000658608 Yes
Jul 3, 1905 Mann, G. [1110], Turkey K000658606 Yes
Jul 3, 1905 Morton, J.K. [A5008], Ghana K000658469 Yes
Jul 3, 1905 Mann, G. [1110], Turkey K000658607 Yes
Jul 3, 1905 Jordan, H.D. [2114], Sierra Leone K000658468 Yes
Renvoize, S.A. [1925], Tanzania 7346.000 No
Shiu Ying Hu [8780], Hong Kong K001152519 Yes
Lei, C.I. [415], China K001152523 Yes
s.coll [95], China K001152526 Yes
Clarke, C.B. [3982], India K001153149 Yes
Clark, C.B. [1265], Singapore K001153255 Yes
Niyomdham, C. [1411], Thailand K001153305 Yes
Lugas, L. [752], Malaysia K001153397 Yes
Simpson, N.D. [6115], Egypt K001168571 Yes
Harris, S.A. [TP 336], Guyana K001161420 Yes
Lugas, L. [1482], Malaysia K001153403 Yes
Longman, H.A. [s.n.], Australia K001154158 Yes
Hepper, F.N. [4403], Sri Lanka K001153151 Yes
s.coll [20155], New Caledonia K001155375 Yes
Lugas, L. [1731], Malaysia K001153404 Yes
s.coll [29505], New Caledonia K001155373 Yes
Henry, A. [8380], China K001152359 Yes
s.coll [26632], New Caledonia K001155374 Yes
Jenman [5374], Guyana K001161422 Yes
Everist, S.L. [s.n.], Australia K001154160 Yes
Lau, S.Y. [20343], China K001152527 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [4707], Thailand K001153306 Yes
Chase [17997] K001168567 Yes
s.coll [15568], Venezuela K001163339 Yes
Furuse, M. [39792], Japan K001152530 Yes
Hepper, F.N. [4403], Sri Lanka K001153154 Yes
Hoare, A. [231], Malaysia K001153400 Yes
Jenman [5374], Guyana K001161419 Yes
Lanteh, M. [108975], Malaysia K001153406 Yes
Lugas, L. [2482], Malaysia K001153402 Yes
Ridley, H.N. [14257], Malaysia K001153258 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001168570 Yes
Plant, R. [158-67], United Kingdom K001168566 Yes
Chow, K.S. [78465], China K001152528 Yes
Matthew, K.M. [55202], India K001153148 Yes
Xiam Exp. [56], China K001152521 Yes
Tsang, W.-.T. [69], China K001152522 Yes
Fernandes, D. [432], Brazil K001161423 Yes
Lugas, L. [366], Malaysia K001153405 Yes
Lugas, L. [2095], Malaysia K001153398 Yes
Hepper, F.N. [4703], Sri Lanka K001153152 Yes
Lugas, L. [1015], Malaysia K001153401 Yes
Duaneh, J. [311], Malaysia K001163341 Yes
Furuse, M. [39058], Japan K001152529 Yes
Pittier, H.F. [13435], Venezuela K001163340 Yes
Everist, S.L. [s.n.], Australia K001154159 Yes
Tsang, W.T. [412], China K001152520 Yes
Gamble, J.S. [30959], United Kingdom K001168564 Yes
Jenamn [5789], Guyana K001161421 Yes
DeWolf, G.P. [108], Costa Rica K001160114 Yes
Tsang, W.T. [21254], China K001152524 Yes
Shiu Ying Hu [7300], Hong Kong K001152516 Yes
s.coll [8], Singapore K001153257 Yes
Chung, H.H. [1363], China K001152525 Yes
Shiu Ying Hu [5709], Hong Kong K001152518 Yes
Agra, M.F. [1329], Brazil K000983221 Yes
s.coll [H/892/33], South Africa K001168569 Yes
Biegel, H.M. [3486], Zimbabwe K001168572 Yes
Krishnappa, D.G. [48], India K001153150 Yes
Hoare, A. [133], Malaysia K001153399 Yes
Ridley, H.N. [s.n.] K001153256 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [4707], Thailand K001153304 Yes
Hu, H.H. [52], China K001152517 Yes
Mabatha, F.W. [2364], South Africa K001159162 Yes
Hepper, F.N. [4414], Sri Lanka K001153153 Yes
Wood, M. [5718], South Africa K001168568 Yes
Solanum ciliatum 17710.000 No
s.coll [s.n.] Solanum ciliatum K001169389 Yes
Nash, G.V. [116], USA Solanum ciliatum K001159747 Yes
Blom, C.H. [s.n.], Sweden Solanum ciliatum K001151558 Yes
Wallut [s.n.], Brazil Solanum ciliatum K001169386 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], Iraq Solanum ciliatum K001169387 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] Solanum ciliatum K001169390 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] Solanum ciliatum K001151556 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] Solanum ciliatum K001169388 Yes
Curtiss, A.H. [2202], USA Solanum ciliatum K001159749 Yes
s.coll [H2630/67], United Kingdom Solanum ciliatum K001169391 Yes
Melville, R. [s.n.], United Kingdom Solanum ciliatum K001151557 Yes
Curtiss, A.H. [5048], USA Solanum ciliatum K001159748 Yes

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0