Solanum sisymbriifolium Lam.

First published in Tabl. Encycl. 2: 25 (1794)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is S. Tropical America. It is an annual or subshrub and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is has environmental uses, as a medicine and for food.

Descriptions

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Morphology General Habit
Herb, subshrub or shrub.
Conservation
Least concern.
Ecology
Alt. 270 - 2900 m.
Distribution
Native from Colombia.
[UPB]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 270–2900 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Nariño, Santander, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Herb, Shrub, Subshrub.
Conservation
National Red List of Colombia (2021): Potential LC.
Vernacular
Guinda
[UPFC]

Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2012

Note
A specimen from Kenya, Mombasa, Ostrich Farm, Ngutatu Baobab Sanctuary; 26 Aug. 2002, Luke & Luke 9041! has been tentatively identified by MSV as this taxon.
Morphology General Habit
It is a heavily armed herb or small shrub to 1.5 m tall
Morphology Leaves
Leaves deeply pinnatifid to shallowly bipinnatifid, twice as long as wide, 5–15 × 2–7 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers purple or white, in leaf-opposed or lateral inflorescences; corolla 2–3 cm in diameter
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a (depressed-)globose bright red berry 12–16 mm across; fruiting calyx tightly investing the berry until ripe, then strongly reflexed, the lobes 15 × 5 mm.
[FTEA]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 270 - 2900 m.; Andes, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, subarbusto, arbusto
Conservation
Preocupación Menor
[CPLC]

Uses

Use Gene Sources
Crop wild relatives which may possess beneficial traits of value in breeding programmes (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Food
Food (Romero Castañeda 1961).
[UPB]

Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
[UPFC]

Common Names

Spanish
Guinda.

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/