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This genus is accepted, and its native range is NE. Tropical to S. Africa, Australia.
Bulbine alooides

[FTEA]

Asphodelaceae, Christopher Whitehouse. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Succulent glabrous perennials, rhizomatous and caespitose, much-branched suffrutices or solitary geophytes
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in a basal rosette or distichous or cauline and alternate, fleshy and often terete or angled, with a tubular basal sheath, the outer leaves reduced, membranous and sheathing
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a many-flowered raceme on a naked peduncle usually longer than the leaves; bracts membranous; pedicels usually long, not articulated; flowers yellow or rarely white, orange or pink
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth of 6 free tepals, spreading or reflexed, all 1-nerved, oblong
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6; filaments densely hairy in upper half
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary globose, with 2–4 ovules per locule
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule globose, occasionally inflated
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds angled, smooth or tuberculate, ovate, flattened and winged, black.

[FZ]

Asphodelaceae, S. Kativu. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Succulent geophytic herbs (rarely annual), caespitose (tufted) from a small woody rhizome or solitary from a tuberous or cormose rootstock, acaulescent or sometimes caulescent, glabrous or sparsely puberulent.
Morphology Roots
Roots numerous, fibrous or ± stoutly fleshy.
Morphology Stem
Stems branching or basal or 0.Leaves basal and rosulate or distichous, or spaced along the woody stems, erect spreading or prostrate, sheathing at the base and sometimes persisting as a sheath of fibres; lamina ± fleshy, subterete or angular or lanceolate, entire, glabrous or the margins occasionally ciliolate, often reduced or absent in outer leaves (squamae).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence simple, overtopping the leaves, with flowers racemosely arranged on a peduncle (scape); peduncle terete, naked; racemes densely to laxly cylindrical or corymbiform; floral bracts membranous, ± auriculate or not, persistent; pedicels ascending, patent or ± recurved, persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments (tepals) free, usually yellow or greenish-yellow, brown or sometimes white (rarely pink or mauve), with a single dark central vein, the outer narrower than the inner, sometimes cucullate, spreading or ± reflexed for a short time then closing about the developing fruit, circumscissile below with a small annulus persisting below the ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6, erect, free, slightly shorter than the perianth segments; filaments densely bearded; anthers dorsifixed, versatile, introrse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary sessile, 3-locular, globose with 2–many ovules in each locule, axile; style terete; stigma capitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule loculicidally 3-valved, globose or oblong-ovoid, sometimes inflated.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds black or dark brown, angular or pyramidal with a convex outer face and 2–3 flat inner faces tapering to the point of attachment, sometimes narrowly winged on the angles, sometimes with a reticulate pattern of ridges on the faces inmature seeds.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology Leaves
Leaves fleshy, mostly linear and subterete
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a many-flowered raceme; bracts scarious; pedicels not articulated
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals subequal, yellow, free or almost so, spreading or recurved, 1-nerved, cohering apically when withered, soon falling and leaving a small rim below the ovary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens shorter than the tepals; filaments densely hairy in upper half
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule few- to many-seeded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds angled.
Distribution
Some 80 species, the great majority in South Africa, a few also in Australia.

[FZ]

Asphodelaceae, S. Kativu. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001

Morphology General Habit
Geophytic herbs, solitary, acaulescent, glabrous, perennating from an abbreviated woody rhizome with numerous radiating roots; roots fusiform fleshy, with slender rootlets.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves basal, erect, the outer sheathing and tubular to funnel-shaped at the base; lamina subterete, pithy or hollow, glabrous, usually reduced or absent in outer leaves (squamae).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 1–3, simple, usually shorter than the leaves, with flowers racemosely arranged; peduncle (scape) terete, naked; racemes dense; floral bracts white membranous, exauriculate, persistent; pedicels ascending before anthesis, recurved in fruit, persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments (tepals) free, white, ± cucullate, the outer broader than the inner, 3(5)-nerved in the outer, 1-nerved in the inner, spreading for a short time then closing about the developing fruit, circumscissile below.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6, erect, free; filaments densely bearded in the upper part; anthers versatile, introrse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary sessile, 3-locular, globose; ovules 2(4) per locule, axile; style slender with a ± papillose stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule loculicidally 3-valved, globose, inflated or not.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds black, angular or pyramidal with a convex outer face and 2–3 flat inner faces tapering to the point of attachment, smooth.

[FTEA]

Asphodelaceae, Christopher Whitehouse. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs without a stem; rhizome short
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in a basal rosette, terete or flattened, the outer leaves reduced and scale-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a compact many-flowered raceme on a naked peduncle, shorter than the leaves; bracts membranous; pedicels shorter or longer than the bracts, not articulated; flowers white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth of 6 free spreading tepals, the inner 1-nerved, the outer 3–5-nerved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6, shorter than the tepals; filaments densely hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary obovoid, with 2–4 ovules per locule
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule obovoid to ellipsoid, inflated or not
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds black.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cape Provinces, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, New South Wales, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Queensland, Rwanda, Somalia, South Australia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tasmania, Uganda, Victoria, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Italy, Romania

Bulbine Wolf appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Glover, P. [2662], Kenya 31004.000
Whellan, J.A. [685], Zimbabwe 4418.000

First published in Gen. Pl.: 84 (1776)

Accepted by

  • Geerinck, D.J.L. (2015). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi), n.s., Asphodelaceae: 1-43. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Pope, G.V. (ed.) (2001). Flora Zambesiaca 12(3): 1-106. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Baijnath, Taxonomic studies in the genus Bulbine Wolf, Ph.D. thesis, Univ. of Reading (unpubl.) (1977).
  • Gen. Pl.: 84 (1776), nom. conserv.
  • J.G. Baker in F.C. 6: 359 (1896)
  • in F.T.A. 7: 475 (1898).

Flora of Somalia

  • Baijnath, H. (1977). Taxonomic studies in the genus Bulbine Wolf, sensu lat. (PhD thesis, University of Reading).
  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Gen. Pl.: 84 (1776)
  • R. Ross in Acta Bot. Neerl. 15: 155 (1966)
  • R.A. Dyer, Gen. S. Afr. Fl. Pl.: 924 (1976)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0