Curcuma L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 2 (1753), nom. cons.
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to N. Australia.


Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Northern Territory, Queensland, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, West Himalaya

Introduced into:

Belize, Borneo, Caroline Is., Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Fiji, Florida, Gilbert Is., Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Ivory Coast, Leeward Is., Madagascar, Marquesas, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Réunion, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Society Is., Solomon Is., Taiwan, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Vanuatu, Windward Is., Zaïre


Heterotypic Synonyms

Accepted Species


Kew's Tree of Life Explorer

Discover the flowering plant tree of life and the genomic data used to build it.

View the Tree of Life

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Leong-Skornicková, J., Sída, O., Wijesundara, S. & Marhold, K. (2008). On the identity of tumeric: the typification of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 157: 37-46.
  • Raju, V.S., Reddy, C.S. & Ragan, A. (2006). Curcuma L. (Zingiberaceae) in Andhra Pradesh: a preliminary study. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 30: 773-775.
  • Sirirugsa, P., Larsen, K. & Maknoi, C. (2007). The genus Curcuma L. (Zingiberaceae): distribution and classification with reference to species diversity in Thailand. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 59: 203-220.
  • Škornicková, J.L., Sída, O. & Marhold, K. (2010). Back to types! Towards stability of names in Indian Curcuma L. (Zingiberaceae). Taxon 59: 269-282.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Nov 29, 2017 Simaga, J.M.; et al. [09645 (9494)] Papua New Guinea K001327011 No
May 3, 2017 Herb. Griffith [196 (Herbarium number 5755)] Burma K000720928 Yes
May 3, 2017 Lace, J.H. [5239] Burma K000720925 Yes
May 3, 2017 Lace, J.H. [5238] Burma K000720924 Yes
May 3, 2017 Collet, H. [582] Burma K000720926 Yes
May 3, 2017 Unwin, R. [13524] Burma K000720923 Yes
May 3, 2017 Kurz, S. [3301] Burma K000720927 Yes
May 2, 2017 Sedgwick, L.J.; Bell, T.R.D. [7545] India K000720941 No
May 2, 2017 King, G. [s.n.] India K000720938 Type Yes
May 2, 2017 Sedgewick, L.J.; Bell, T.R.D. [7545] India K000720946 No
May 2, 2017 Law [s.n.] India K000720943 No
May 2, 2017 van Beusekom, C.F.; Phengkhlai, C. [468] Thailand K000720934 Yes
May 2, 2017 Dalzell, N.A. [s.n.] India K000720944 Yes
May 2, 2017 Stocks [s.n.] India K000720939 No
May 2, 2017 Woodrow, G.M. [s.n.] India K000720940 No
May 2, 2017 McKee, H.S.M. [6166] Burma K000720922 Yes
May 2, 2017 Squires, R.W. [868] Vietnam K000720931 Yes
May 2, 2017 Jacquemont, V. [639 (608)] India K000720945 No
May 2, 2017 Phengklai [3148] Thailand K000720935 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6612] India K001124298 Unknown Type Material Yes
India K:SPC-66324.000 No
Škorničková, J. [71423] India K002593783 No
Škorničková, J. [71477] India K002593789 No
Motley, J. [1207] Indonesia K002594027 Yes
Škorničková, J. [71440] India K002593785 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6612] K001124297 Unknown Type Material Yes
Forrest, G. [8322] China K002593481 Yes
Škorničková, J. [73415] India K002593793 No
Forrest, G. [24455] China K002593479 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K002593716 Yes
Skornickova, Jana; Prasanthkumar [84145] India K000307934 Isotype Yes
Škorničková, J. [71483] India K002593790 No
Skornickova, J.; Prasanthkumar [86241] India K000307932 Isotype Yes
Škorničková, J. [73416] India K002593795 No
s.coll. [18740] China K002593488 Yes
s.coll. [1087] K002593772 No
Robertson, W.A. [330] Burma K002593781 No
s.coll. [3547] China K002593487 Yes
Reilly, J. [128] Malaysia K:SPC-49869.000 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6612] K001124296 Unknown Type Material Yes
Heyne, A. [s.n.] Indonesia K002594028 Yes
Hooker, J.D.; Thomson, T. [1064] K002593773 No
Belcher, R.O. [765] Burma K002593778 No
Noerkas [11] Indonesia K002594024 Yes
Soonthornkalump, S. [Sutt-216] Thailand K001516705 Isotype Yes
s.coll. [5711] K002593769 No
[illegible] [12261] China K002593482 Yes
Hooker, J.D.; Thomson, T. [s.n.] K002593775 No
[Churna] [1087] K002593776 No
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6602] Burma K001124276 Unknown Type Material Yes
Barnes, E. [1529] India K002593779 No
Škorničková, J. [73417] India K002593796 No
Duthie, J.F. [s.n.] India K002593763 No
Smith, E. [008] Indonesia K002594022 Yes
Lace, J.H. [5363] Burma K002593771 No
{Ottens} [688] Indonesia K002594029 Yes
Škorničková, J. [71423] India K002593782 No
s.coll. [5710] K002593768 No
Harini [086] Indonesia K002594025 Yes
Škorničková, J. [73414] India K002593792 No
Mamit, J. [S32705] Malaysia K002594030 Yes
s.coll. [71456] India K002593786 No
Barclay, C. (Sir); Synge, P.M. [2434] Nepal K002593777 No
{Duthie} [s.n.] India K002593762 No
Treutler [24] India K002593780 No
Buwalda, P. [4176] K002594023 Yes
Wood, J.J. [91] Bangladesh K002593766 No
Ansari, R. [64999] India K000640538 Type Yes
Škorničková, J. [71440] India K002593784 No
Jenkins [s.n.] India K002593764 No
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6599] Burma K001124267 Unknown Type Material Yes
Griffith, W. [5714] K002593770 No
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6611] Burma K001124294 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [5722] K002593765 No
s.coll. [s.n.] K002593774 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6608] K001124289 Unknown Type Material Yes
Škorničková, J. [71474] India K002593788 No
Škorničková, J. [73457] India K002593797 No
de Silva, F.W. [6605] Bangladesh K002593767 No
Škorničková, J. [71471] India K002593787 No
Škorničková, J. [73460] India K002593798 No
Wallich [6600] K002594033 Yes
Bartlett, H.H. [8055] Indonesia K002594032 Yes
Cavalerie, J. [7539] China K002593480 Yes
Henry, A. [12261] China K002593484 Yes
Tsui, T.M. [98] China K002593486 Yes
{Ambriansyah; Adriansyah; Jasad, P.; Kessler; et al.} [PK1755] Indonesia K002594026 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6611] K001124295 Unknown Type Material Yes
Buwalda, P. [5198] Indonesia K002594031 Yes
s.coll. [73416] India K002593794 No
Skornickova, Jana; Prasanthkumar [73319] India K000307933 Type Yes
Anderson, D.J. [s.n.] China K002593485 Yes
Henry, A. [12261A] China K002593483 Yes
Škorničková, J. [71485] India K002593791 No
Nguyen Van Du; Vu Xuan Phuong; Boumanivong, S.; Vongsoukhun [L-V 449] Laos Laosanthus K001577922 Yes


  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China

    • The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.