Freesia Eckl. ex Klatt

First published in Linnaea 34: 672 (1866), nom. cons.
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Kenya to S. Africa.

Descriptions

Iridaceae, Peter Goldblatt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

Morphology General Habit
Perennials with corms with fibrous tunics
Morphology Leaves
Leaves several, the lower 1-2 entirely sheathing (cataphylls); foliage leaves plane, firm or soft-textured
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a spike, usually flexed at the base; bracts herbaceous to coriaceous, the inner shorter than the outer, often brown at apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers zygomorphic, shades of pink to red, or whitish usually with contrasting darker markings on the lower 3 tepals; perianth-tube well developed, either slender and cylindric throughout or narrowly campanulate; tepals subequal or the upper larger and erect and the 3 lower inclined to horizontal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens unilateral and arcuate, filaments usually mostly included; anthers parallel and contiguous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose-oblong; style exserted, the branches filiform, each deeply divided and recurved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules globose, coriaceous, usually papillate to rugose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds few-many per locule, oblong to globose, glossy, smooth or ruminate.
[FTEA]

Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs with corms, aerial parts dying back annually; corms with fibrous tunics.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves several, the lower 1–2, entirely sheathing (cataphylls); foliage leaves plane, firm or soft-textured.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a spike, usually flexed at the base (flowers solitary on inflorescence branches in 2 South African spp.), floral bracts herbaceous to coriaceous, the inner shorter than the outer, often brown at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers zygomorphic, in shades of pink to red or whitish usually with contrasting darker markings on the lower 3 tepals; perianth tube well developed, either slender and cylindric throughout or narrowly campanulate; tepals subequal or the upper larger and erect and the 3 lower inclined to the horizontal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens unilateral and arcuate, filaments usually mostly included; anthers parallel and contiguous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose-oblong, style exserted; style branches filiform, each deeply divided and recurved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules globose, coriaceous, usually papillate to rugose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds few to many per locule, angular to oblong-globose.
[FZ]

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0