Liparis Rich.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.

[FZ]

Orchidaceae, I. la Croix & P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

Morphology General Habit
Epiphytic, lithophytic or terrestrial herb; stems usually ± swollen at the base to form pseudobulbs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 1 to several, broad, plicate, thin-textured and unjointed, or narrow, rigid and articulated at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal or subumbellate, usually erect, racemose, few- to many-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers usually yellow, yellow-green or purplish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals spreading or reflexed, petals often linear.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip simple, usually much larger than the sepals and petals, 2-lobed or 3-lobed, with entire, dentate or crenate margins, usually with 2 calli at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column fairly long, arched, terete or somewhat winged, with or without a column-foot; pollinia 4, in 2 pairs.

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Terrestrial and epiphytic herbs; stems usually ± swollen at the base to form pseudobulbs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves basal or sometimes cauline, either broad, plicate, thin in texture and unjointed at the base, or else small, narrow, firm-textured and jointed at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences few–many-flowered, terminal, mostly erect; rhachis terete or sometimes flattened or angular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers rather small, usually yellowish green or purplish
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals spreading or reflexed, narrow, mostly with entire margins; petals often linear
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip usually more fleshy than the tepals, simple or bilobed, with entire, dentate or crenulate margins, often bent in the middle, with 2 simple calli at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column relatively elongated, usually curved over, terete or slightly winged, with or without a small foot; pollinia 4, pyriform, in 2 pairs.

Native to:

Alabama, Alberta, Altay, Amur, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Florida, France, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Hungary, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Manchuria, Manitoba, Marianas, Marquesas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, North Carolina, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Sakhalin, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Saskatchewan, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Ukraine, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Wallis-Futuna Is., Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Extinct in:

Bulgaria, Ogasawara-shoto

Liparis Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jul 17, 2018 Cable, S. [349], Cameroon 61626.000 No
Jul 17, 2018 Cable, S. [2755], Cameroon 61682.000 No
Jun 1, 2011 Marr, J.R. [WAPM.83], India 32871.000 No
Feb 1, 2011 Julia, S. et al. [S 98096], Sarawak K000718150 No
Sep 1, 2010 Du, N.V. et al. [HNK 3231], Vietnam K000396214 No
Sep 1, 2010 Du, N.V. et al. [HNK 3346], Vietnam K000396220 No
Jan 1, 2008 Jansen-Jacobs, M.J. et al. [6330], Suriname K000718146 No
Sep 1, 2002 Johns, R.J. [10679], New Guinea 62522.000 No
Aug 1, 2002 Johns, R.J. [9056E], New Guinea 64268.000 No
Mar 1, 2002 Ghogue, J.-P. [48], Cameroon K000027295 No
Mar 1, 2001 Pollard, B.J. [187], Cameroon K000106900 No
Williamson, G. [669], Zambia 1800.043 No
Williamson, G. [217], Zambia 1800.044 No
Williamson, G. [837], Zambia 1800.065 No
Guyana 20583.000 No
20585.000 No
20590.000 No
21036.000 No
Cheang Kok-Choy, Malaysia 28537.000 No
Nigeria 30217.000 No
Mason, L.M. [2662], New Guinea 32938.000 No
Williamson, G. [774], Zambia 33119.000 No
Williamson, G. [240], Zambia 33130.000 No
Williamson, G. [719], Zambia 33140.000 No
Williamson, G. [250], Zambia 33184.000 No
Zambia 33897.000 No
Williamson, G. [762], Zambia 34000.000 No
Williamson, G. [683], Zambia 34095.000 No
Giles, C. [788], Malaysia 35830.000 No
Papua New Guinea 40144.000 No
Reilly, J. [170], Malaysia 40873.000 No
Collenette, S. [2258], Malaysia 42396.000 No
Collenette, S. [2260], Malaysia 42402.000 No
Cribb, P.J. [S 175], Papua New Guinea 44069.000 No
Cribb, P.J. [S 151], Papua New Guinea 44072.000 No
Lamb, A., Malaysia 49330.000 No
Comber, J.B. [1738], Indonesia 52851.000 No
Comber, J.B. [1743], Indonesia 52865.000 No
Malaysia 555.000 No
Du Puy, B. [MB154], Madagascar 56130.000 No
Boyce, P.C. [308], Brunei 56262.000 No
Dickson, M. [MD185], Indonesia 58961.000 No
Williamson, G. [86], Zambia 6049.421 No
India 6087.000 No
Mursidawati, S. [564], Borneo 61365.000 No
Madagascar 61431.000 No
Madagascar 63490.000 No
Cable, S. [418], Cameroon 63765.000 No
Du Puy, D.J. [M883], Madagascar 72269.000 No
Du Puy, D.J. [M869], Madagascar 72333.000 No
Chase, M.W.C. [84722], Venezuela 75659.000 No
Chase, M.W.C. [83434], Philippines 75815.000 No
Meyer, H. [11], Uganda 74884.000 No
Chase, M.W.C. [84543] 75602.000 No
Pereira, B.A.S. [1505], Brazil K000847498 Yes
Antilahimena, P. et al. [4604], Madagascar K000970028 No

First published in De Orchid. Eur.: 30 (1817)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2006). Epidendroideae (Part One) Genera Orchidacearum 4: 1-672. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 7: 19. Nom. cons.
  • in Mém. Mus. Paris 4: 43, 52 (1818)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 4: 43, 52, 60 (1818), nom. conserv.
  • in Orch. Eur. Annot.: 21, 30, 38 (1817)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • in Mém. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris 4: 43, 52, 60 (1818), nom. conserv.
  • in Orch. Eur. Annot.: 21, 30, 38 (1817)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images