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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Medit. to W. Himalaya.
Moraea sisyrinchium

[FTEA]

Iridaceae, Peter Goldblatt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

Morphology General Habit
Seasonal perennials with tunicate corms
Morphology Leaves
Leaves few-several, the lower 2-3 entirely sheathing and membranous (cataphylls); foliage leaves usually bifacial and channelled, sometimes terete, 1-several, inserted on the lower part of the stem, cauline leaves shorter or entirely sheathing and bract-like
Morphology Stem
Stem simple or branched (entirely subterranean in some South African SPECIES)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences rhipidia (umbellate flower-clusters), single per branch or sometimes crowded terminally, each enclosed in a pair of opposed leafy bracts (spathes) concealing the buds
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers Iris -like, radially symmetric, usually pedicellate, borne serially, usually blue or yellow with contrasting nectar guides on the outer tepals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals free (rarely united), the outer larger and strongly clawed, the limbs spreading to reflexed, the inner often erect, or spreading
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments partly to completely united around the style; anthers appressed to the style-branches
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style filiform below, dividing into 3 flat, usually petaloid branches, these diverging and usually forked apically into 2 crests (crests occasionally lacking); stigma transverse and abaxial below the crests
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules globose to cylindric
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, rounded, angular or discoid.

[FZ]

Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs with tunicate corms, aerial parts dying back annually.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves several to few, the lower 2–3 entirely sheathing and membranous (cataphylls); foliage leaves 1-several, inserted on the lower part of the stem, usually bifacial and channelled, sometimes terete; cauline leaves shorter or entirely sheathing and bract-like.
Morphology Stem
Stem simple or branched (entirely subterranean in some South African species).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence(s) composed of rhipidia (umbellate flower clusters); rhipidia single per branch or occasionally crowded terminally, each enclosed in a pair of opposed leafy bracts (spathes) concealing the buds.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers Iris-like, usually blue or yellow with contrasting nectar guides on the outer tepals, radially symmetrical, usually pedicellate, borne serially.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals free (rarely united); the outer larger and strongly clawed with limbs spreading to reflexed; the inner often erect, or spreading.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments partly to completely united around the style (free in some South African species), anthers appressed to the style branches.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style filiform below, dividing into 3 flat usually petaloid branches, these diverging and usually forked apically into 2 crests (crests occasionally lacking), stigma transverse and abaxial below the crests.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules globose to cylindric.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, rounded, angular or discoid.

[FZ]

Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pedicellate, actinomorphic, more or less stellate, mostly yellow or salmon-pink, tepal markings when present usually on all tepals; tepals free, unguiculate, the limbs spreading.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments united in a column around the style, sometimes free near their apices; anthers linear, appressed to the style branches.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary cylindric to ovoid and trigonous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style slender, dividing at the apex of the filament column into 3 narrow, compressed branches; the branches stigmatic at the apices, sometimes bilobed or with paired short subterminal appendages.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules coriaceous, often included in the spathes until maturity.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds irregularly angled.
Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs with tunicate corms, aerial pans dying back annually; corm tunics of blackish coarse wiry fibres.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves several to many, the lower 2-3 entirely sheathing and membranous (cataphylls); foliage leaves solitary (2-several in species outside the Flora Zambesiaca area), linear, without a midrib, channelled, bifacial.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowering stems of several internodes, usually branched, with entirely sheathing bract-like leaves at the nodes, the sheaths closed. Inflorescences consisting of single terminal rhipidia; spathes green, coriaceous, the inner longer than the outer.

[FZ]

Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs with tunicate corms, aerial parts dying back annually.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves several to many, the lower 2–3 entirely sheathing and membranous (cataphylls); foliage leaves 1 or 2, linear, bifacial and channelled; sheathing leaves on the upper stem few.
Morphology Stem
Stem simple or branched, the nodes bearing sessile lateral inflorescences.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in umbellate clusters (rhipidia); rhipidia 1-several per branch, sessile except the terminal one, enclosed in a pair of opposed leafy bracts (spathes) concealing the buds; spathes lightly ribbed with alternating bands of green and transparent tissue. Flowers more or less sessile, Iris-like, radially symmetrical, usually blue to violet or purple or white, often with yellow nectar guides on the outer tepals.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals free, the outer larger and clawed, the limbs spreading, the inner erect or spreading.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments united below around the style; anthers oblong to linear, appressed to the style branches.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary elongate-cylindric, nearly sessile, included in the spathes, fertile only in the lower part, forming a sterile tube above; style filiform below, dividing into 3 flat, more or less diverging petaloid branches, forked apically into 2 crests, stigma transverse and abaxial below the crests (or terminal).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules cylindric, the walls more or less translucent.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Baleares, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Ethiopia, Free State, Greece, Gulf States, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kenya, Kriti, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Malawi, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Spain, Sudan, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Great Britain, Madeira, New South Wales, Norfolk Is., South Australia, St.Helena, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia

Moraea Mill. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Fig. Pl. Gard. Dict. 2: 159 (1758)

Accepted by

  • Cooke, D.A. (1986). Flora of Australia 46: i-xii, 1-247. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 7: 338. Nom. cons.
  • Fig. Pl. 159, t. 238 (1758)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Fig. Pl. Gard. Diet. 2: 159, Pl. CCXXIX (1758) (as “Morea” ) nom. conserv.
  • Goldblatt in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 64: 243 (1977)
  • in Ann. Kirstenbosch Bot. Gard. 14 (1986),

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • (as “ Morea ” ), Fig. Pl. 2: 159, t. 279 (1758), nom. conserv.
  • Goldblatt in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 64: 243-295 (1977)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0