Anthriscus Pers.

First published in Syn. Pl. 1: 320 (1805)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Temp. Eurasia to Tropical African Mountains.

Descriptions

Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Annual, biennial or perennial herbs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 2–4-pinnate, with numerous toothed leaflets
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels few–numerous, compound, usually pedunculate; involucre absent or of 1–2 bracts; involucel conspicuous, of several frequently reflexed bracteoles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers usually polygamous, with some inner flowers of each partial umbel ♂, more rarely some partial umbels entirely ♂
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-teeth minute or obsolete
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white or pinkish, sometimes radiant, the non-radiant ± emarginate above, without or with a minute incurved lobule
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit glabrous or hispid with antrorse, tuberculate-based bristles, elliptic-oblong to ovate, narrowed upwards, with a short and obscure or longer beak, laterally compressed, mericarps rounded into the narrow commisure; primary ribs very slender, the mericarps almost rounded to slightly 3-angled dorsally; vittae very slender and inconspicuous in the valleculae and sometimes apparently absent, commissure with a single vitta on each side of the central groove; stylopodia conical, styles short; carpophore entire or shortly bifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Endosperm horseshoe-shaped, deeply sulcate on the commissural face.
[FTEA]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Annual, biennial or more rarely perennial herbs, hirsute or more rarely glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 2- or 3(–4)-pinnate, the segments often rather broad
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels compound
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Involucre of 1 or 2 bracts or absent; involucel of several bracteoles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, usually polygamous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx teeth obsolete or very small
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals oblong or cuneate with an inflexed lobule, emarginate or almost entire above, outer sometimes ± radiant and obcordate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ovate or oblong or linear, shortly attenuate above, beaked, laterally compressed and constricted at the commissure Ribs 5, somewhat apparent above, obscure below
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits Vittae
Vittae solitary in the valleculae, very slender and often inconspicuous, commissural vittae 2
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stylopodium
Stylopodia small, conical or depressed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Carpophore
Carpophore entire or bifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Endosperm
Endosperm subterete or dorsally compressed, commissural face deeply sulcate.
Distribution
Some 20 species in Europe, temperate Asia and N Africa; two species in Iraq.
Note
Anthriscus (from the Gr. ανϕρυσκον, anfriskon, the name of an umbelliferous plant in Theophrastus): Chervil, Beakchervil (Am.).
[FIQ]

Sources

  • Flora of Iraq

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0