Aphananthe Planch.

First published in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 10: 265 (1848)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Mexico to Central America, Madagascar, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to E. Australia.

Descriptions

Timothy M. A. Utteridge and Laura V. S. Jennings (2022). Trees of New Guinea. Kew Publishing. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Distribution
A genus of five species, from Madagascar, Mexico, Asia and Australia. One species in New Guinea and the Solomon Islands, Aphananthe philippinensis Planch.; the description below applies only to this species.
Morphology General Habit
Trees and shrubs to 30 m tall, often buttressed
Morphology General Indumentum
Indumentum of simple hairs on the young growth giving a rufous pubescence, leaves glabrous
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules extrapetiolar, subulate, caducous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves elliptic to ovate, base more or less equal, margin serrate to dentate, leaf apex and teeth often mucronate, 3-nerved from the base, tertiary venation finely reticulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, usually unisexual, male and mixed inflorescences racemose, female flowers solitary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers unisexual and plants monoecious, 4–5-merous; perianth lobes imbricate in bud, membranous in male flowers, persistent in female flowers; stamens as many as perianth lobes, inflexed in bud, staminodes absent; ovary sessile, pistillode absent, in male flowers replaced by a tuft of pale, simple hairs, stigmatic branches terete. Fruit drupaceous, ovoid-globose, 3–4-angled, crowned by a beak-like style remnant, endocarp hard, rounded-triangular in cross-section.
Ecology
In New Guinea, Aphananthe is found in seasonally dry primary and secondary forest between sea level and 750 m.
Recognition
It is often associated with Eucalyptus in semi-deciduous forests and may form monospecific stands on steep slopes. The genus can be recognised by the leaves with mucronate teeth, reticulate tertiary veins and which often dry greyish-green, strictly unisexual flowers without staminodes and solitary female flowers.
[TONG]

Sources

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Trees of New Guinea

    • Trees of New Guinea
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0