Arceuthobium M.Bieb.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is N. & Central America, Caribbean, Medit. to E. Tropical Africa, Himalaya to Peninsula Malaysia.

[FTEA]

Viscaceae, R. M. Polhill and D. Wiens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1999

Morphology General Habit
Herbs or shrubs from 0.5 cm. to ± 70 cm. high, parasitic on coniferous trees of the Pinaceae or Cupressaceae; plants glabrous, variously coloured from greenish yellow to orange, reddish or black, dioecious; stems with a central xylem cylinder; internodes angled, at least when young
Morphology Leaves Scale leaves
Leaves reduced to minute, opposite, connate scales
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers generally decussate or rarely whorled on young shoots, 2–4 mm. in diameter Pistillate flowers manifestly epigynous; tepals 2, persistent, adnate to ovary Staminate flowers with a central nectary; tepals (2–)3–4(–7), bearing a sessile, uniloculate circular anther on each tepal
sex Male
Staminate flowers with a central nectary; tepals (2–)3–4(–7), bearing a sessile, uniloculate circular anther on each tepal
sex Female
Pistillate flowers manifestly epigynous; tepals 2, persistent, adnate to ovary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit an elongate berry, 1- seeded, mucilaginous, bicoloured (separated by the equatorial line), explosive at maturity
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds usually 1–5 mm. long, ovate-lanceolate, containing a single cylindrical embryo, or sometimes polyembryonic, and with copious endosperm.

Native to:

Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Algeria, Arizona, Azores, Belize, British Columbia, Bulgaria, California, China South-Central, Colorado, Connecticut, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Idaho, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Maine, Manitoba, Massachusetts, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Morocco, Nepal, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, North Caucasus, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Pennsylvania, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, Spain, Tadzhikistan, Texas, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vermont, Washington, West Himalaya, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yugoslavia

Arceuthobium M.Bieb. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Fl. Taur.-Caucas., Suppl.: 629 (1819)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Hawksw. & Wiens, Dwarf Mistletoes, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 709: 1–410 (1996)
  • Polh. & Wiens, Mistletoes Afr.: 276 (1998), nom. conserv.
  • in Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 3: 629 (1819)

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0