Bacopa Aubl.

First published in Hist. Pl. Guiane 1: 128 (1775), nom. cons.
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Tropics & Subtropics.


Doubtfully present in:


Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Alberta, Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cayman Is., Central African Republic, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, Chile Central, Chile North, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Colorado, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Iran, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Marianas, Maryland, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nebraska, Nepal, Nevada, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Oklahoma, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South Carolina, South China Sea, South Dakota, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virginia, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Greece, Lesser Sunda Is., Marquesas, Portugal, Spain


Heterotypic Synonyms

Accepted Species


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POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • de las Mercedes Sosa, M., Moroni, P. & O'Leary, N. (2018). A taxonomic revision of the genus Bacopa (Gratioleae, Plantaginaceae) in Argentina. Phytotaxa 336: 1-27.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Pl. Guian. 1: 128, t. 49 (1775), nom. cons.
  • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 319.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Pl. Guian.1: 128, t. 49 (1775) nom. cons.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by E. Fischer [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Pl. Guian. 1: 128, t. 49 (1775), nom. conserv.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jul 2, 2009 Mendoza, M., et al. [1285] Bolivia K000634270 No
Jul 2, 2009 Wood, J.R.I., et al. [21337] Bolivia K000634269 No
Jun 4, 2009 Wood, J.R.I.; Mendoza, M.; Antezana, C. [21453] Bolivia K000542790 No
Jan 1, 1992 Fischer, S. [110] Saudi Arabia K001139068 Yes
Jan 1, 1992 Hartweg, K.T. [153] Mexico K001139069 Yes
Jan 1, 1992 Glaziou, A.F.M. [8893] Brazil K001139063 Yes
Jan 1, 1992 Cook, C.D.K. [224] Guyana K001048358 Yes
Jan 1, 1992 Schomburgk [1033] Guyana K001048407 Yes
Jan 1, 1992 Pohl [96] Brazil K000533419 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1992 Harley, R.M. [19407] Brazil K001048413 Yes
Apr 28, 1963 Gillett, J.B. [15789] Jordan K000283209 No
Jan 1, 1930 Pursh, F.T. [186] United States K000979487 Unknown Type Material Yes
Harley, R.M.; Giulietti, A.M. [28215] Brazil K001139059 Yes
Weir, J. [461] Brazil K001139057 Yes
Silva, M.N. [178] Brazil K001048356 Yes
Félix, L.P. [2307] Brazil K001048388 Yes
Mooney, H.F. [4617] Jordan K000283210 No
Harley, R.M. [15791] Brazil K001048397 Yes
Gardner [2692] Brazil K001048411 Yes
Burchell, W.J. [4773] Brazil K001139027 Yes
Burchell [5868] Brazil K001139030 Yes
Maguire, B. [35906] Venezuela K001048396 Yes
Silva, S.B. [304] Brazil K001048391 Yes
Hunt, D.R. [6088] Brazil K001048357 Yes
Ule, E. [8308] Brazil K001048412 Yes
Duarte, A.P. [10338] Brazil K001048393 Yes
Burchell [4419] Brazil K001139028 Yes
Furlan, A. [1] Brazil K001139062 Yes
Gardner [101] Brazil K000533466 Unknown Type Material Yes
Miers, J. [3206] Brazil K001139066 Yes
Gardner [2692] Brazil K001048414 Yes
Claussen [s.n.] Brazil K001048400 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Brazil K001139061 Yes
Lewis, G.P. [7482] Brazil K001048404 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] India K001132492 Unknown Type Material No
Mooney, H.F. [4617] Jordan K000283211 No
Lindeman, J.C. [111] Brazil K001139064 Yes
Fotius [4043] Brazil K001048403 Yes
Tweedie [s.n.] Uruguay K000533446 Unknown Type Material Yes
Schessl, M. [s.n.] Brazil K001139026 Yes
Gardner [2693] Brazil K001048409 Yes
Gardner [1799] Brazil K001048408 Yes
Spruce, R. [s.n.] K000202439 Yes
Harley, R.M. [21417] Brazil K001048410 Yes
Gardner [1799] Brazil K001048394 Yes
França, F. [1221] Brazil K001048390 Yes
Sellow [605] Brazil K001139055 Yes
Gwynne-Vaughan, D.T. [15] Brazil K001139025 Yes
Pereira, E. [9747] Brazil K001048395 Yes
Sellow [3623] Brazil K000533447 Unknown Type Material Yes
Burchell, W.J. [3222] Brazil K001139070 Yes
Souza, V.C. [5384] Brazil K001048387 Yes
Glaziou [11409] Brazil K001048402 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Brazil K001048398 Yes
Souza, V.C. [5384] Brazil K001048386 Yes
Drummond, R.B.; Hemsley, J.H. [4009] Kenya K:SPC-02542.000 No
Weir, J. [461] Brazil K001139058 Yes
Riedel [s.n.] Brazil K001139056 Yes
Ule, E. [7229] Brazil K001048405 Yes
Pohl [96] Brazil K000533420 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Brazil K001048406 Yes
Sellow [s.n.] Brazil K001139067 Yes
Polhill, R.; Paulo, S. [2261] Tanzania K:SPC-23392.000 No
Glaziou, A. [21827] Brazil K001139029 Yes
Pursh, F.T. [186] United States K000979486 Unknown Type Material Yes
Blanchet [2592] Brazil K001048415 Yes
Drovet, F. [2478] Brazil K001048392 Yes
Gardner [101] Brazil K000533465 Unknown Type Material Yes
Harley, R.M. [28215] Brazil K001139060 Yes
Moricand [2592] Brazil K001048401 Yes
Souza, V.C. [5401] Brazil K001048389 Yes
Drummond, R.B.; Hemsley, J.H. [3036] Tanzania K:SPC-17722.000 No
Sanchez, M.D.; Hamilton, M.A.; Manco, B.N.; . [13] Turks and Caicos Islands K:SPC-76596.000 No
Mattos, L.A. [301] Brazil K001139065 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] Brazil K001048399 Yes
Smith, D. [231] Brazil K001048359 Yes
Pennel, F.W. [1623] Colombia K000533451 Type Yes
Jan 1, 1922 anon. [s.n.] India Moniera K000662328 No
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3897] Singapore Herpestis K001117548 Unknown Type Material Yes


  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
  • Flora of the Cayman Islands

    • Flora of the Cayman Islands
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.