Bacopa Aubl.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

[FTEA]

Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, entire or dentate, variously dissected or multisect in submerged species, sometimes punctate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary, solitary or in racemes; pedicels with or without bracteoles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx unequally 5-lobed, outer lobes broadest, inner narrow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla almost regular, with all lobes equal or the upper 2 connate; corolla tube short
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, didynamous, included
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma terminal, usually shortly 2-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule globose or ovoid, 2 or 4-celled, loculicidal or septicidal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous.
Note
It is surprising that the widespread Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell has not been recorded from the Flora area, but is to be expected there
Morphology General Habit
This is a creeping herb of moist and wet places with solitary, axillary white or pale blue flowers. Perennial or annual herbs, erect, diffuse or submerged aquatics, usually glabrous

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs, usually glabrous, rarely glandular pubescent or villous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, sessile to subsessile, palmately veined and with entire to dentate or crenate margin
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, racemose, leafy, bracteoles present below calyx or absent; flowers sessile to pedicellate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 5-lobed almost to the base, upper lobe largest, 2 lateral lobes usually smallest
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla subrotate, 2-lipped, tubular or campanulate, subequally 5-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, 2 long and 2 short, included, the lower pair usually larger than the upper; anthers with parallel contiguous thecae
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary glabrous, with straight filiform style; stigma usually 2-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule with loculicidal or rarely septicidal dehiscence
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, coarsely reticulate, with longitudinal ridges.
Distribution
About 50-60 species, pantropical.

[FZ]

Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

Morphology General Habit
Annual herbs, erect, prostrate or decumbent, or floating, mostly glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, entire or variously dentate to crenate, or capillary-divided in aquatic species.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary, solitary, pedicellate or sessile, bracteate or ebracteate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 5-partite; sepals imbricate, posterior broadest, lateral usually very narrow.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla bilabiate, upper lip bilobed or emarginate, lower trilobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens four, didynamous, perfect, included.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style apically dilated, entire or bilobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary Ovules
Ovules many.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid to globose, 2 or 4 loculicidal or septicidal.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds small, numerous.

Doubtfully present in:

Galápagos

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Alberta, Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, Chile Central, Chile North, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Colorado, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Iran, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Marianas, Maryland, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nebraska, Nepal, Nevada, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Oklahoma, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South Carolina, South China Sea, South Dakota, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virginia, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Greece, Lesser Sunda Is., Marquesas, Portugal, Spain

Bacopa Aubl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Spruce, R. [s.n.] K000202439 Yes
Andrade, K. [241], Brazil K001139023 Yes
Campelo, M.J. [19], Brazil K001139024 Yes
Schessl, M. [s.n.], Brazil K001139026 Yes
Gwynne-Vaughan, D.T. [15], Brazil K001139025 Yes
Glaziou, A. [21827], Brazil K001139029 Yes
Burchell, W.J. [4773], Brazil K001139027 Yes
Burchell [4419], Brazil K001139028 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], India K001132492 No
Burchell [5868], Brazil K001139030 Yes

First published in Hist. Pl. Guiane 1: 128 (1775)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • de las Mercedes Sosa, M., Moroni, P. & O'Leary, N. (2018). A taxonomic revision of the genus Bacopa (Gratioleae, Plantaginaceae) in Argentina Phytotaxa 336: 1-27.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Pl. Guian. 1: 128, t. 49 (1775), nom. cons.
  • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 319.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Pl. Guian.1: 128, t. 49 (1775) nom. cons.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by E. Fischer [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Pl. Guian. 1: 128, t. 49 (1775), nom. conserv.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0