Family:
Vitaceae Juss.

Cayratia Juss.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subrop. Asia to W. Pacific.

[FTEA]

Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

Morphology General Habit
Climbing perennial herbs or ± woody climbers with leaf-opposed tendrils, sometimes dioecious
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate or pedately 5–9-foliolate, stipulate; leaflets toothed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes usually axillary, divaricately branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers unisexual or hermaphrodite, 4-merous; buds ovoid or depressed-globose, not constricted at the middle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx entire or lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals cucullate at the apex, soon deciduous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments short; short staminodes present in ♀ flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk annular, thin, undulate or 4-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary immersed in the disk; style simple, subulate; stigma capitate; ovary very reduced in ♂ flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 2–4-seeded, rather thinly fleshy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds triangular in outline, ± cordate, with basal projection and ventrally with 2 depressed areas, dorsally convex with a raised median chalazal rib, smooth.

[FZ]

Vitaceae, H. Wild & R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Climbing perennial herbs; tendrils leaf-opposed.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 3-foliolate or pedate, margins toothed; stipules present.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a divaricately-branched cyme, usually axillary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 4-merous; bud depressed-globose, not constricted at the middle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals cucullate at the apex, caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers on short filaments.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk annular, thin, undulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style simple, subulate; stigma capitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 2–4 seeded.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., East Himalaya, Fiji, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Samoa, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Tibet, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Western Australia

Cayratia Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in G.-F.Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat., ed. 2. 10: 103 (1818)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Dict. Class. Hist. Nat. 4: 346 (1823) nom. conserv.
  • Dict. Sci. Nat. 10: 103 (1818) in obs.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Descoings in Fl. Gabon 14: 74 (1968)
  • in Dict. Class. Hist Nat. 4: 346 (1823)
  • in Dict. Sci. Nat. 10: 103 (1818), in obs.
  • in Fl Cameroun 13: 18 (1972), nom conserv.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0