Skip to main content
This genus is accepted, and its native range is Medit. to Central Asia and NE. Tropical to S. Africa.
Cephalaria gigantea

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Annual, biennial or perennial herbs with glabrous or hairy stems
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, simple or imparipinnate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence ovoid or subglobose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracteoles chaffy Involucel 4-angled with 8 ridges and usually with 4 or more long or short bristles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx cup-shaped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 4-fid, lobes rounded, densely hairy outside
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, filaments exceeding corolla
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes small, fusiform, glabrous or ciliate.
Note
Cephalaria (from Gr. κεφάλι, kephali, head and the possessive Lat. suffix -aria).

[FZ]

Dipsacaceae, Margaret J. & J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs or sub–shrubs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves very variable, most species heterophyllous, entire or toothed or pinnatifid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts scarious or pubescent, usually obtuse, oblanceolate, ovate or lanceolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Receptacular bracts obtuse, acuminate, often cuspidate or pungent with a hard tip, scarious, pubescent or hairy. Inflorescence of terminal, globose or ± cylindrical capitula with (1)2 or more rows of bracts.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 4–partite, with a 4 angled, furrowed involucel, crowned with 4 angular hairy teeth, or with a membranous ± glabrous corona, entire, crenate or with 4 ± obtuse teeth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx small, cupiliform ± lobed, glabrous or pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, cream or yellowish, or mauve, of 4 lobes, those of the outer flowers often longer and more irregular than the inner.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, style entire, filiform.

[FTEA]

Dipsacaceae, D. M. Napper. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Perennial or annual herbs or subshrubs (not in Africa)
Morphology Leaves
Leaves very variable, most species heterophyllous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Receptacle bracts present, scarious, longer than those of the involucre, obtuse, acute or acuminate and frequently with a pungent tip
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Involucel usually smooth when immature becoming 8-furrowed in fruit, glabrous or pilose, with a small 4–8-toothed or -lobed limb, more rarely the limb entire or crenate Inflorescence terminal Heads involucrate with short obtuse oblanceolate to ovate scarious bracts in one or two rows
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx small, spreading, 4-many-lobed, pilose or villous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla campanulate, 4-fid, unequally lobed, larger in the marginal than in the inner flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style filiform with an entire oblique stigma.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Austria, Baleares, Bulgaria, Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, France, Free State, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Malawi, Morocco, Mozambique, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, Sinai, South European Russi, Spain, Swaziland, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Czechoslovakia, Delaware, New York, Ontario, Québec, Wisconsin

Cephalaria Schrad. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 3: 1 (1818)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Göktürk, R.S. & Sümbül, H. (2014). A taxonomic revision of the genus Cephalaria (Caprifoliaceae) in Turkey Turkish Journal of Botany 38: 927-968.

Literature

Flora of Iraq

  • Roem. & Schultes, Syst. 3: 1 (1818)
  • Schrad Cat. Sem. Hort. Gotting. (1814)
  • Z. Szabo, “A Cephalaria-Genusz monografiaja” in Mat. Term. Kozl. 38 (4) (1940): 1–352 (1940)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Syst. Veg. 3: 1,43 (1818).
  • Szabo in Mat. Term. Kozlem. 38, 4 1–248 (1940) mm. conserv.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Mant.: 2 (1827)
  • Syst. Veg. 3: 1 (1818)
  • Szabó in Mat. Term. Kozlem. 38, 4: 1–248 (1940), nom. conserv.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Iraq
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0