Skip to main content
This genus is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Medit., Tropical & S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula to India.
Citrullus lanatus

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Trailing or scandent annual or perennial herbs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, usually deeply lobed
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils simple or 2–4-fid or absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Monoecious
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, yellow, shortly united
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3, 2 two-thecous, 1 one-thecous, inserted on the lower part of the hypanthium, free; connective broad; thecae flexuous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers solitary Male flowers solitary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary smooth, hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary Ovules
Ovules many, horizontal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium very shortly cylindrical Hypanthium shortly obconic. Sepals 5, small, remote
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth like that of male flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigmas 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit subglobose to ellipsoid, firm-walled, fleshy, indehiscent, green or yellowish, often mottled, many-seeded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds compressed.
Distribution
Seven species in the tropics and subtropics of the Old World.

[FTEA]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

Morphology General Habit
Annual or tuberous-rooted perennial trailing or climbing herbs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, usually deeply ± pinnately lobed
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils simple, proximally 2–4-fid, or absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Probracts present
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellow, of medium size, monoecious Male flowers solitary; receptacle-tube short, campanulate; lobes moderately large; petals 5, united below the middle; stamens inserted on the tube, 3 (2 double 2-thecous, 1 single 1-thecous), free; connectives broad; thecae flexuous Female flowers solitary; ovary hairy, subglobose; ovules many, horizontal; receptacle-tube short; staminodes present; stigma 3-lobed
sex Male
Male flowers solitary; receptacle-tube short, campanulate; lobes moderately large; petals 5, united below the middle; stamens inserted on the tube, 3 (2 double 2-thecous, 1 single 1-thecous), free; connectives broad; thecae flexuous
sex Female
Female flowers solitary; ovary hairy, subglobose; ovules many, horizontal; receptacle-tube short; staminodes present; stigma 3-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit large, subspherical, greenish, firm-walled, fleshy, indehiscent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds many, usually ovate in outline, compressed, smooth or slightly rough
Figures
Fig. 5, p. 45.

[FZ]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Prostrate or scandent annual or perennial herbs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, petiolate, usually ± deeply lobed.
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils simple, proximally 2–4-fid, or absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Probracts present.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers solitary; receptacle-tube very short, cylindrical, perianth otherwise similar to that of male flower; staminodes 3; ovary ellipsoid or subglobose, hairy, smooth; ovules many, horizontal; stigma 3-lobed. Male flowers solitary. Receptacle-tube short, campanulate; lobes lanceolate, remote. Petals 5, shortly united, entire. Stamens 3, 2 double two-thecous, 1 single one-thecous; filaments inserted on receptacle-tube; connectives broad; thecae flexuous. Flowers yellow, monoecious.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit subspherical or ellipsoid, greenish or yellow, often mottled, terete, firm-walled, fleshy, indehiscent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovate in outline, compressed, smooth or slightly rough.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Chad, Cyprus, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Albania, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Ascension, Austria, Bahamas, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil West-Central, Bulgaria, Burundi, California, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Connecticut, Cook Is., Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., Ecuador, El Salvador, Finland, Florida, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Hungary, Illinois, Indiana, Italy, Jawa, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Korea, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Louisiana, Maine, Malawi, Marianas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritius, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Nauru, Nepal, Nevada, New Caledonia, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niue, North Carolina, Northern Territory, Norway, Ohio, Oklahoma, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Sierra Leone, Society Is., South Australia, South Carolina, Sweden, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Togo, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Turkey-in-Europe, Uganda, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Zaïre

Citrullus Schrad. ex Eckl. & Zeyh. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral.: 279 (1836)

Accepted by

  • De Wilde, W.J.J.O. & Duyfjes, B.E.E. (2008). The edible Cucurbitaceae of Thailand and Malesia and the wild forms of the cultivated ones Sandakania 17: 43-91.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Enum. Pl. Afr. Austr. Extratrop.: 279 (1836) nom. conserv.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by C. Jeffrey & M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Enum.: 279 (1836), nom. conserv.

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/