Cocculus DC.

First published in Syst. Nat. 1: 515 (1817)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Eritrea to S. Africa, Madagascar, Arabian Peninsula to W. Indo-China.

Descriptions

Menispermaceae, G. Troupin. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Prostrate or erect climbers or suffrutices; branchlets rambling, or reduced to cladodes.3 Leaves simple, various in form, entire or lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Female inflorescences similar to the male or more simple or reduced to solitary or clustered flowers. Male inflorescences of cymules which are either axillary and clustered 1–3-together, or solitary and arising from leafless branches, or grouped in ± condensed clusters on the cladodes;3 pedicels present or absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers with sepals similar to those of the male; base of petals much less inflexed; staminodes 6, linear-filiform or absent; carpels 3–6, subovoid and compressed, with cylindric style and recurved-spathulate stigma. Male flowers with 6 sepals, the 3 outer ones reduced, the 3 inner concave; petals 6, furnished at base with more or less fleshy inflexed auricles surrounding the stamen-filaments, often bifid or deeply emarginate at the apex; stamens 6–9, free; anther-thecae with transverse dehiscence.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupes obovoid or flattened and rounded; the remains of the style visible near the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds with scanty endosperm.
[FZ]

Menispermaceae, G. Troupin. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

Morphology General Habit
Prostrate or erect lianes or suffrutices; branchlets rambling, or reduced to cladodes
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, various in form, entire or lobed
sex Male
Male inflorescences of cymules which are either axillary and clustered 1–3 together or solitary and arising from leafless branches, or grouped in ± condensed clusters on the cladodes; pedicels present or absent Male flowers with 6 sepals, the 3 outer ones reduced, the 3 inner concave; petals 6, furnished at base with ± fleshy inflexed auricles surrounding the stamen-filaments, often bifid or deeply emarginate at apex; stamens 6–9, free; anther-thecae with transverse dehiscence
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Female inflorescences similar to the ♂ or more simple or reduced to solitary or clustered flowers Male inflorescences of cymules which are either axillary and clustered 1–3 together or solitary and arising from leafless branches, or grouped in ± condensed clusters on the cladodes; pedicels present or absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers with sepals similar to those of the ♂; base of petals much less inflexed; staminodes 6, linear-filiform or absent; carpels 3–6, subovoid and compressed, with cylindrical style and recurved-spathulate stigma Male flowers with 6 sepals, the 3 outer ones reduced, the 3 inner concave; petals 6, furnished at base with ± fleshy inflexed auricles surrounding the stamen-filaments, often bifid or deeply emarginate at apex; stamens 6–9, free; anther-thecae with transverse dehiscence
sex Female
Female flowers with sepals similar to those of the ♂; base of petals much less inflexed; staminodes 6, linear-filiform or absent; carpels 3–6, subovoid and compressed, with cylindrical style and recurved-spathulate stigma Female inflorescences similar to the ♂ or more simple or reduced to solitary or clustered flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupes obovoid or flattened and rounded; the remains of the style visible near the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds with sparse endosperm.
[FTEA]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Subshrubs or woody climbers
Morphology Leaves
Leaves entire or lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Male flowers clustered in axillary cymes; sepals 6, the 3 outer reduced; petals 6, often bifid at the apex, at base with inflexed auricles surrounding the stamen-filaments; stamens 6–9, free; anthers with transverse dehiscence
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers solitary or clustered in axillary cymules; sepals and petals as in male flowers, but base of petals much less inflexed; staminodes often present; carpels 3–6
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Drupes with remains of stigma visible near base.
Distribution
Around 10 species in tropical and subtropical regions but not in South America and Australia.
[FSOM]

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0