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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics to Central & S. U.S.A.
Dicliptera sp.


M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008]

Morphology General Habit
Herbs, subshrubs or shrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in axillary cymes, usually paired between a pair of appressed bracts, generally resupinate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Calyx 5-lobed; lobes subequal. Corolla 2-lipped; upper lip entire or emarginate, lower lip 3-lobed (but turned upside down)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2, exserted, anthers 2-celled with one cell above the other
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary with 2 ovules in each cell; style exserted with 2-lobed stigma
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid, usually 4-seeded, placentas elastic in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds flattened, finely tuberculate.
Over 200 species in tropical and subtropical regions of both the Old and the New World.


Flora Zambesiaca Acanthaceae (part 2) by Iain Darbyshire, Kaj Vollesen and Ensermu Kelbessa

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs, sometimes suffruticose and pyrophytic; cystoliths linear, numerous.
Morphology Stem
Stems 6-angular, often ridged.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves evergreen or deciduous, petiolate or subsessile, pairs equal or unequal; blade margins entire or uneven.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary and/or terminal, comprising a series of monochasial cymules, usually umbellately arranged, more rarely solitary, umbels solitary to several in each axil, sometimes compounded and paniculate or contracted into dense terminal heads, rarely arranged in a spike; main axis bracts paired, pairs equal to somewhat unequal, free, often much-reduced, rarely foliaceous; cymule bracts paired, pairs subequal to highly unequal, free but ± adpressed, usually conspicuous, sometimes with pale 'windows' of sclerids between principal veins in basal portion (Fig. 8.6.69,3); bracteoles narrower than cymule bracts and often much-reduced.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx shortly tubular, 5-lobed, lobes subequal or one lobe longer, linear-lanceolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla bilabiate, tube usually white, limb variously white to pink or purple, lip held in upper position usually with darker guidelines on a paler palate; corolla resupinate, tube twisted through 180°, cylindrical, somewhat widened towards mouth, rarely strongly so; lip held in upper position ± recurved distally, apex shortly 3-lobed; lip held in lower position unlobed, apex obtuse or shallowly emarginate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2; filaments arising from mouth of corolla tube, rarely from within tube; anthers exserted, bithecous, thecae elliptic, offset, superposed or slightly overlapping.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary (oblong-)ovoid, bilocular, 2 ovules per locule; style filiform; stigma bifid, exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule short- to long-stipitate, placental base elastic, placental base and membranous capsule walls then tearing from thickened flanks at dehiscence, or inelastic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 4 per capsule, rarely 2 by abortion, held on retinacula, lenticular, discoid or compressed-ellipsoid, with a hilar excavation, smooth or tuberculate.
A genus of c.175 species with a pantropical and subtropical distribution.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Chile North, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, India, Indiana, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oklahoma, Oman, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Socotra, Somalia, South Carolina, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virginia, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Hawaii, Italy

Dicliptera Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1986 Bilimek [329], Mexico K000080040
King, E.L. [103b], Sierra Leone 2815.000
Hornby, E.M. [2982A], Tanzania 4226.000
Dawkins, H.C. [621], Uganda 4227.000
Daniel, T.F. [6234], Costa Rica K000080041
Martínez S., E. [3745], Mexico K000080042
Langlassé, E. [914], Mexico K000080035

First published in Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 9: 267 (1807)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.


Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 5: 256.
  • in Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 9: 267 (1807), nom. cons.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 9: 267 (1807), conserved name.
  • —Darbyshire & Vollesen in Kew Bull. 62: 119–128 (2007).
  • —Darbyshire in Kew Bull. 63: 361–383 (2009).
  • —K. Balkwill, Getliffe Norris & M.-J. Balkwill in Kew Bull. 51: 1–61 (1996).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Science Photographs
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