Maclura Nutt.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa, Madagascar, China to Tropical Asia and SW. Pacific, Central U.S.A. to Tropical America.

[FZ]

Moraceae, C. C. Berg. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs, small trees or climbers, dioecious, armed with spines.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves spirally (to subdistichously) arranged, pinnately veined; stipules lateral, free or connate on spine-forming branchlets.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences in the leaf axils, globose-capitate, bracteate, with yellow dye-containing glands embedded in tepals and bracts; tepals 4, partly connate; stamens 4, inflexed in bud; pistillode present in staminate flower; ovary free; stigmas 1 (or 2 but then unequal in length), filiform, fruiting perianth enlarged, fleshy, yellow to orange-coloured; fruit free, somewhat drupaceous; seed rather small, without endosperm, cotyledons thin, equal, plicate.

[FTEA]

Moraceae, C.C. Berg (University of Bergen). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs, treelets or climbers, dioecious, armed with spines
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in spirals or sometimes subdistichous, pinnately veined; stipules lateral, free or connate spine-forming branchlets
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences in the axils of the leaves, globose-capitate, bracteate, with embedded yellow dye-containing glands in tepals and bracts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals 4, partly connate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, inflexed in bud; pistillode present in staminate flower
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary free; stigmas 1 or 2 (but then unequal in length), filiform
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruiting perianth enlarged, fleshy, yellow to orange; fruit free, somewhat drupaceous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed rather small; cotyledons thin, equal, plicate.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arkansas, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cambodia, Cayman Is., China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Northern Provinces, Oklahoma, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Zambia, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Bulgaria, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Italy, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Krym, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode I., Romania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tadzhikistan, Tennessee, Uzbekistan, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin

Maclura Nutt. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Walker, J.S. [DB028], Sulawesi 73976.000
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Indian Subcontinent Cudrania K001132559

First published in Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 233 (1818)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • C.C. Berg in Proc. Konink. Ned. Akad. Weten., ser. C, 89: 241–247 (1986)
  • Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 233 (1818) nom. conserv.
  • in F.T.E.A., Moraceae: 6 (1989).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • C.C. Berg in Konink. Nederl. Akad. Weten., Ser. C, 89: 241–247 (1986), nom. conserv.
  • Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 233 (1818)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
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  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
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  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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