Mesembryanthemum L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 480 (1753), nom. cons.
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Medit. to Iran, Sahara to Arabian Peninsula, Angola to S. Africa.


Native to:

Algeria, Angola, Baleares, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, France, Free State, Greece, Gulf States, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kriti, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Mauritania, Morocco, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Oman, Palestine, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, Spain, St.Helena, Tunisia, Turkey, Western Sahara, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Ascension, Azores, Bolivia, California, Chile Central, Chile North, Colombia, Congo, Ecuador, El Salvador, Great Britain, Juan Fernández Is., Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Northwest, Mozambique, New Jersey, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Oregon, Pakistan, Pennsylvania, Peru, Portugal, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Victoria, Western Australia


Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Accepted Species


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POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Klak, C., Bruyns, P.V. & Hedderson, T.A.J. (2007). A phylogeny and new classification for Mesembryanthemoideae (Aizoaceae). Taxon 56: 737-756.
  • Klak, C., Hanácek, P. & Bruyns, P.V. (2014). Phylogeny and taxonomy of Mesembryanthemum subg. Volkeranthus (Aizoaceae-Mesembryanthemoideae). South African Journal of Botany 95: 112-122.

Flora of Iraq

  • L. Sp. Pl.: 480 (1753)

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Frith [66] K000267664 Type Yes
Frith, F. [66] South Africa K000267569 Type Yes
Ross-Frames [19052] K000267556 Isotype Yes
K:SPC-41153.000 No
K:SPC-10628.000 No
Frith, F. [66] K000267568 Type Yes
Muir, J. [3892] South Africa K:SPC-10633.000 No
Muir, J. [4010] South Africa K:SPC-10627.000 No
Marais, W. Reunion K:SPC-34646.000 No
Townsend, C.C. [65/434] Jordan Opophytum K:SPC-29441.000 No
Muir, J.; Brown, N.E. [3991] South Africa Sceletium K:SPC-12286.000 No
Muir, J. [3990] South Africa Sceletium K:SPC-12285.000 No
Muir, J. [3990] South Africa Sceletium K:SPC-10642.000 No
Brown, N.E. South Africa Platythyra K:SPC-12283.000 No
Jan 1, 1997 Stapff [1a] Psilocaulon K000267599 Holotype Yes
Jan 1, 1997 Dinter [1104] Namibia Psilocaulon K000267626 Syntype Yes
Jan 1, 1997 Gurich [149] Psilocaulon K000267604 Holotype Yes
May 30, 1996 Dinter [1195] Namibia Psilocaulon K000267629 Isotype Yes
Trotha [48a] Psilocaulon K000267600 Unknown Type Material Yes
Range [195] Psilocaulon K000267643 Unknown Type Material Yes
Dinter [1331] Namibia Psilocaulon K000267634 Type Yes
Range, P [1735] Psilocaulon K000267635 Unknown Type Material Yes
Dinter [954] Namibia Psilocaulon K000267642 Type Yes
Coetzee [17171] Psilocaulon K000267628 Isotype Yes
Dec 1, 1995 Godman, D. [19110] South Africa Phyllobolus K000267598 Type Yes
Leipoldt, C.L. [19372] Phyllobolus K000267595 Isotype Yes
May 20, 1996 Dinter, K. [4755] Namibia Prenia K000267658 Isotype Yes
Apr 1, 1995 Pearson, H.H.W. [6132] Prenia K000267659 Isosyntype Yes
Pearson, H.H.W. [6019] Prenia K000267662 Isosyntype Yes


  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
  • Flora of Iraq

    • Ghazanfar, S. A., Edmondson, J. R. (Eds). (2013-2019). Flora of Iraq, Volumes 5.1, 5.2 and 6.0. Kew Publishing
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.