Premna L.

First published in Mant. Pl. 2: 154 (1771)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Tropical & Subtropical Old World to Pacific.

Distribution

Native to:

Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Djibouti, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Somalia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Florida, Line Is.

Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Accepted Species

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Kew Bulletin

  • (Linnaeus 1771: 154)
  • Bailey, F. M. (1891). Botany Bulletin no. IV. Contributions to the Queensland Flora. Queensland Dept. Agric. Bull. 13: 7 – 39.
  • Barker, R. M. & Telford, I. R. H. (1993). Verbenaceae. Flora of Australia 50: 360 – 367. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Beer, E. & Lam, H. J. (1936). The Verbenaceae collected in Papua by L. J. Brass for the Archbold Expedition. Blumea 2: 221 – 228.
  • Bentham, G. (1870). Flora Australiensis. Vol. 5. L. Reeve & Co., London.
  • Blanco, M. (1837). Flora de Filipinas. Inprenta de Sto. Thomas por D. Candido Lopez, Manila.
  • Blanco, M. (1845). Flora de Filipinas., ed. 2. Impr. de M. Sanchez, Manila.
  • Blume, C. L. (1823). Catalogus van eenige der merkwaardigste zoo in-als uit-heemsche gewassen, te vinden in ’s lands plantentuin te Buitenzorg. Batavia.
  • Blume, C. L. (1826). Bijdragen tot de Flora van Nederlandsch Indië 14: 751 – 850. Ter Lands drukkerij, Batavia.
  • Bramley, G. L. C. & Kok, R. P. J. de (2013). Lamiaceae. In: R. Kiew, R. C. K. Chung, L. G. Saw, E. Soepadmo & P. C. Boyce (eds), Flora of Peninsular Malaysia. FRIM, Kuala Lumpur.
  • Bramley, G. L. C. (2009). The genus Callicarpa (Lamiaceae) in Borneo. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 159: 416 – 455.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • Bramley, G. L. C., Go, R. & Kok, R. P. J. de (2011). Lamiaceae. In: E. Soepadmo et al. (eds), Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak. Vol 7: 42 – 49, FRIM, Kuala Lumpur.
  • Briquet, J. (1897). Verbenaceae. In: A. Engler & K. Prantl (eds), Die Naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien, Teil 4, Abt. 3a: 132 – 182. Engelmann, Leipzig.
  • Brown, R. (1810). Prodromus florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van-Diemen. Taylor et socii, Londonii.
  • Burkill, I. H. (1935). A Dictionary of the Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula. Crown Agents, London.
  • Burman, N. L. (1768). Flora Indica. C. Haek, Lugduni Batavorum.
  • Clarke, C. B. (1885). Verbenaceae. In: J. D. Hooker, Flora of British India 4: 560 – 604. L. Reeve & Co., London.
  • Claussen, J. (2005). Native Plants of Christmas Island. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series 22. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra.
  • Cowan, J. M. (1932). The genus Wendlandia. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 16: 233 – 314.
  • Decaisne, M. J. (1834). Description d’un Herbier de l’ile de Timor. Nouv. Ann. Mus. Paris 3: 332 – 501.
  • Domin, K. (1913). Seventh Contribution to the Flora of Australia. Repert. Spec. Nov. Regnii Veg. 12: 130 – 133.
  • Du Puy, D. J. (1993). Christmas Island. In: Australian Biological Resources Study, Flora of Australia 50: 1 – 16. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Ellis, J. L. (1980, publ. 1982). Nomenclatural notes on three plants from South India. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 22: 193.
  • Fletcher, H. R. (1936). On the identity of Premna corymbosa Rottl. et Willd. and Premna integrifolia Linn. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 19: 177 – 178.
  • Fletcher, H. R. (1938a). Contributions to the Flora of Siam, additamentum XLIX. Bull. Misc. Inform., Kew 1938: 199 – 209.
  • Fletcher, H. R. (1938b). The Siamese Verbenaceae. Bull. Misc. Inform., Kew 1938: 401 – 445.
  • Hansford, C. G. (1961). The Meliolineae, a monograph. Sydowia Beiheft 2: 1 – 806.
  • Harley et al. (2004: 194)
  • Harley, R. M., Atkins, S., Budantsev, A. L., Cantino, P. D., Conn, B. J., Grayer, R., Harley, M. M., de Kok, R. P. J., Krestovskaja, T., Morales, R., Paton, A. J., Ryding, O. & Upson, T. (2004). Labiatae. In: K. Kubitzki & J. W. Kadereit (eds), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants vol. VII:167 – 275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
  • Hasskarl, J. K. (1842). Plantarum genera et species novae aut reformatae javenses. Flora, Beiblätter 2: 1 – 56.
  • Hasskarl, J. K. (1844). Catalogus plantarum in Horto botanico Bogoriensi cultarum alter. Typis Officinae Publicae, Bataviae.
  • Heyne, K. (1950). De Nuttige Planten van Indonesië, 3 e druk. Van Hoeve, The Hague.
  • Hochstetter, C. F. (1841). Nova genera plantarum Africae. Flora 24: 369 – 384.
  • IUCN (2001). IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1. IUCN Species Survival Commission, Gland & Cambridge.
  • Jarvis, C. (2007). Order Out of Chaos. Natural History Museum & Linnean Society, London.
  • Junell, S. (1934). Zur Gynäceummorphologie und Systematik der Verbenaceen und Labiaten. Symb. Bot. Upsal. 1: 1 – 219.
  • King, G. & Gamble, J. S. (1908). XLVII – XLVIII — Decades Kewenses. Bull. Misc. Inform., Kew 1908: 105 – 116.
  • Kochummen, K. M. (1995). Verbenaceae. In: F. S. P. Ng (ed.), Tree Flora of Malaya, vol. 3 (reprint): 297 – 313. Longman, London.
  • Koorders, S. H. & Valeton, T. (1900). Bijdrage no 7 tot de kennis der boomsoorten van Java. Meded. Lands Plantentuin 42: 1 – 231.
  • Kuntze, C. E. O. (1891). Revisio Generum Plantarum 2. Felix, Leipzig.
  • Lam (1919: 100)
  • Lam, H. J. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R. C. (1921). Revision of the Verbenaceae of the Dutch East-Indies and surrounding countries. Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. III, 3: 1 – 116 & I – III.
  • Lam, H. J. (1919). The Verbenaceae of the Malayan Archipelago. De Waal, Groningen.
  • Lam, H. J. (1954). A new Premna (Verbenaceae) from New Guinea. Blumea 7: 553 – 556.
  • Leeratiwong, C. (2008). Systematics and Conservation of the Genera Premna L. and Callicarpa L. (Lamiaceae) in Thailand and Indo-China. Unpubl. PhD thesis, Khon Kaen University.
  • Leeratiwong, C., Chantaranothai, P. & Paton, A (2008). Three new records of Premna L. (Lamiaceae) for Thailand. Nat. Hist. J. Chulalongkorn Univ. 8: 7 – 18.
  • Linnaeus, C. (1771). Mantissa Plantarum 2. Impensis Direct. L. Salvii, Holmiae.
  • Mabberley & de Kok 2004: 47
  • Mabberley, D. J. & de Kok, R. P. J. (2004). Labiatae. In: P. Morat & H. S. Mackee (eds), Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances, vol. 25. Muséum National D’Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Mabberley, D. J. (1992). Architecture of Verbenaceae of Madang Province, Papua New Guinea, with preliminary notes on their reproductive biology. Sci. New Guinea 19: 37 – 45.
  • Mabberley, D. J. (2008). Mabberley’s Plant-Book: a Portable Dictionary of Plants, 3rd ed. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Mathew, L. & Shaw, G. L. (1988). Pollen morphology and their taxonomic significance in some Verbenaceae. Geophytology 18: 89 – 101.
  • Meeuse, A. D. J. (1942). Notes on Javanese Verbenaceae. Blumea 5: 66 – 80.
  • Merrill, E. D. & Metcalf, F. P. (1939). Records of Indo-Chinese plants. J. Arnold Arbor. 20: 346 – 355.
  • Merrill, E. D. (1905a). New or noteworthy Philippine Plants III. Philipp. Gov. Lab. Bur. Bull. 29: 1 – 50.
  • Merrill, E. D. (1905b). New or noteworthy Philippine Plants IV. Philipp. Gov. Lab. Bur. Bull. 35: 1 – 65.
  • Merrill, E. D. (1905c). Notes on Cuming’s Philippine plants in the Herbarium of the bureau of Government Laboratories. Govt. Lab. Philip. 35: 69 – 77.
  • Merrill, E. D. (1906). New or Noteworthy Philippine Plants V. Philipp. J. Sci. Suppl., 1: 169 – 246.
  • Merrill, E. D. (1910). New or noteworthy Philippine Plants VIII. Philipp. J. Sci. C. 5: 167 – 257.
  • Merrill, E. D. (1913). Plantae Wenzelianae. Philipp. J. Sci. C. 8: 363 – 390.
  • Merrill, E. D. (1915). New or noteworthy Philippine Plants, XI. Philipp. J. Sci. C. 10: 1 – 84.
  • Merrill, E. D. (1916). New plants from Samar. Philipp. J. Sci. C. 11: 175 – 206.
  • Merrill, E. D. (1917a). New Philippine shrubs and trees. Philipp. J. Sci. C. 12: 263 – 303.
  • Merrill, E. D. (1917b). An Interpretation of Rumphius’s Herbarium Amboinense. Bureau of Science, Manila.
  • Merrill, E. D. (1918). Species Blancoanae. Bureau of Science, Manila.
  • Merrill, E. D. (1922). Additions to our knowledge of the Bornean Flora. Philipp. J. Sci. 21: 515 – 534.
  • Merrill, E. D. (1923). Enumeration of Philippine Flowering Plants, vol. 3. Bureau of Science, Manila.
  • Merrill, E. D. (1928a). A supplementary list of Hainan Plants. Lingnan Sci. J. 6: 271 – 289.
  • Merrill, E. D. (1928b). A second supplementary list of Hainan Plants. Lingnan Sci. J. 6: 323 – 332.
  • Merrill, E. D. (1929). Plantae Elmerianae Borneenses. Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 15: 1 – 316.
  • Merrill, E. D. (1941). A new species of Premna from the Philippines. Phytologia 2: 5 – 6.
  • Merrill, E. D. (1951). Tatea F. Mueller (Pygmaeopremna Merrill) and Premna Linnaeus. J. Arnold Arbor. 32: 73 – 78.
  • Miquel, F. A. W. (1859). Flora van Nederlandsch Indie 2, part 6. C. G. Van der Post, Amsterdam.
  • Miquel, F. A. W. (1860). Flora van Nederlandsch Indie, Supplementum vol. 1. C. G. Van der Post, Amsterdam.
  • Moldenke & Moldenke (1983: 308)
  • Moldenke, H. M. & Moldenke, A. L. (1983). Verbenaceae. In: M. D. Dassanayake (ed.), A Revised Handbook to the Flora Ceylon 4: 196 − 487. Balkema, Rotterdam.
  • Moldenke, H. M. & Moldenke, H. N. (1974). Notes on new and noteworthy plants LXIX. Phytologia 28: 401 – 404.
  • Moldenke, H. M. & Moldenke, H. N. (1977). Notes on new and noteworthy plants CII. Phytologia 36: 437 – 438.
  • Moldenke, H. M. (1941). Plant novelties. Phytologia 2: 50 – 57.
  • Moldenke, H. M. (1942). The Known Geographic Distribution of the Members of the Verbenaceae and Avicenniaceae. Edwards brothers, inc., Ann Arbor, Mich., New York.
  • Moldenke, H. M. (1954a). Notes on new and noteworthy plants XVII. Phytologia 5: 7 – 22.
  • Moldenke, H. M. (1954b). Notes on new and noteworthy plants XVIII. Phytologia 5: 83 – 92.
  • Moldenke, H. M. (1959). Notes on new and noteworthy plants XXIII. Phytologia 6: 446 – 448.
  • Moldenke, H. M. (1962a). Notes on new and noteworthy plants XXX. Phytologia 8. 159 – 164.
  • Moldenke, H. M. (1962b). Notes on new and noteworthy plants XXXI. Phytologia 8. 273 – 274.
  • Moldenke, H. M. (1971). More new pipeworts from Brazil, a chastetree from Ceylon, and new names in Premna. Phytologia 21: 417 – 419.
  • Moldenke, H. M. (1979a). Some Novelties from Sabah. Phytologia 43: 252.
  • Moldenke, H. M. (1979b). Notes on new and noteworthy plants CXX. Phytologia 41: 346.
  • Moldenke, H. M. (1980a). Notes on new and noteworthy plants CXXXVIII. Phytologia 46: 58 – 60.
  • Moldenke, H. M. (1980b). A sixth summary of the Verbenaceae, Avicenniaceae, Stilbaceae, Chloanthaceae, Symphoremaceae, Nyctanthaceae, and Eriocaulaceae of the world as to valid taxa, geographic distribution and synonymy. Phytologia Mem. 2: 3 – 629.
  • Munir (1984)
  • Munir, A. A. (1984). A taxonomic revision of the genus Premna L. (Verbenaceae) in Australia. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 7: 1 – 44.
  • Munir, A. A. (1985). A taxonomic revision of the genus Viticipremna H. J. Lam (Verbenaceae). J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 7: 181 – 200.
  • P’ei, C. (1932). The Verbenaceae of China. Mem. Sci. Soc. China 1: 1 – 193.
  • Raj, B. (1983). A contribution to the pollen morphology of Verbenaceae. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 39: 343 – 422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • Rajendran, A. & Daniel, P. (1992). The occurrence of Premna lucidula Miq. (Verbenaceae) in India. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 32: 191 – 194.
  • Rajendran, A. & Daniel, P. (2002). The Indian Verbenaceae. Shiva Press, Dehra Dun.
  • Ridley, H. N. (1916). Report on the botany of the Wollaston expedition to Dutch New Guinea, 1912 – 1913. Trans. Linn. Soc. 2, 9: 1 – 269 & pl. 1 – 6.
  • Ridley, H. N. (1923). The Flora of the Malay Peninsula, vol. 2. Reeve & Co., London.
  • Ridley, H. N. (1926). The flora of the Mentawi Islands. In: C. Boden Kloss, Spolia Mentawiensia. Bull. Misc. Inform., Kew. 1926: 56 – 94.
  • Ridley, H. N. (1929). New species from the Malay Peninsula and Borneo XLV. Bull. Misc. Inform., Kew. 1929: 254 – 262.
  • Robinson, C. B. (1908). Alabasta Philippinensia, II. Philipp. J. Sci. C. 3: 175 – 218.
  • Roxburgh, W. (1814). Hortus Bengalensis. Mission Press, Serampore.
  • Roxburgh, W. (1832). Flora Indica, vol. 3. W. Thacker & Co., Serampore.
  • Rumphius, G. E. (1750). Herbarium amboinense. Apud Meinardum Uytwerf, Amsterdam.
  • Schauer, J. C. (1847). Verbenaceae. In: A. De Candolle, Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis, vol. 11: 522 – 700. Treuttel & Wüurtz, Parisiis.
  • Schumann, K. M. & Hollrung M. (1889). Die Flora von Kaiser Wilhelms Lands. Asher & Co., Berlin.
  • Schumann, K. M. & Lauterbach, C. A. G. (1905). Nachträge zur Flora der deutschen Schutzgebiete in der Südsee. Borntraeger, Leipzig.
  • Shou-liang, C. & Gilbert, M.G. (1994). Verbenaceae. In: Z. Y. Wu & P. H. Raven (eds), Flora of China 17 (Verbenaceae through Solanaceae): 1 – 49. Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden, St Louis.
  • Spanoghe, J. B. (1841). Prodromus Florae Timorensis. Linnaea 15: 314 – 350.
  • Stapf, O. (1894). On the flora of Mount Kinabalu, in North Borneo. Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 4: 69 – 263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • Steenis-Kruseman, M. J. van (1950). Malaysian Plant Collectors and Collections. Flora Malesiana vol. 1. Djarkarta.
  • Thwaites, G. H. K. (1858 – 1864). Enumeratio Plantarum Zeylaniae. Dulau, London.
  • Turczaninow, N. (1863). Verbenaceae et Myoporaceae nonnullae Hucusque inde Scriptae. Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 36, part II: 193 – 227.
  • Verdcourt (1992: 68)
  • Verdcourt, B. (1992). Verbenaceae. In: R. M. Polhill (ed.), Flora of Tropical East Africa. Balkema, Rotterdam.
  • Wallich, N. (1828). A Numerical List of Dried Plants in the East India Company’s Museum Collected under the Superintendence of Dr Wallich of the Company’ Botanic Garden at Calcutta. Unpublished, copy at Kew.
  • White, F. (1977). The underground forest of Africa: a preliminary review. Gard. Bull. Singapore 29: 57 – 71.
  • Willdenow, C. L. (1800). Species Plantarum 3, ed. 4. Impensis G. C. Nauk, Berlin.
  • de Kok, R. P. J., Grayer, R. J. & Kite, G. C. (2000). Relationships of the endemic Australian genus Huxleya Ewart & Rees (Labiatae) based on fruit and flavonoid characters. Austral. Syst. Bot. 13: 425 – 428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  • von Mueller, F. (1862). Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae, vol. 3. Auctoritate Gubern. Coloniae Victoriae, Ex Officina Joannis Ferres, Melbourne.
  • von Mueller, F. (1883a). Diagnosis of a New Genus of Verbenaceae from Arnhem Land. Prepublication print distributed in April 1883.
  • von Mueller, F. (1883b). Diagnosis of a new genus of Verbenaceae from Arnhem Land. Trans. Proc. & Rep. Roy. Soc. South Australia 6: 33 – 34.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 5: 287.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 63 : 297 (1990).
  • Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 63 : 301 (1990).
  • F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 68 (1992).
  • Harley et al. in Kadereit (ed.), Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. (Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VII: 194 (2004).
  • Kadereit (ed.), Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. (Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VII : 194 (2004).
  • Mant. Pl. Alt.: 154, 252 (1771) nom. conserv.
  • R. Fernandes in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 63: 297 (1990).
  • Verdcourt in F.T.E.A., Verbenaceae: 68 (1992).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Mant. Pl. Alt.: 154, 252 (1771), nom. conserv.

Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

  • Baldingera Dennst., Schlüssel Hortus Malab.: 31 (1818).
  • Gumira Rumph. ex Hassk., Flora 25(2 Beibl.): 26 (1842).
  • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
  • Holochiloma Hochst., Flora 24: 371 (1841).
  • Munir, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 7(1), reg. rev.
  • Premna L., Mant. ii, 154, 252 (1771)
  • Pygmaeopremna Merr., Philipp. J. Sci., C 5: 225 (1910).
  • Scobia Noronha, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 5(4): 3 (1790).
  • Scrophularioides G.Forst., Fl. Ins. Austr.: 91 (1786), nom. nud.
  • Solia Noronha, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 5(4): 3 (1790).
  • Surfacea Moldenke, Phytologia 46: 59 (1980).
  • Tatea F.Muell., Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. South Australia 6: 33 (1883).

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Aug 11, 2017 Utteridge, T.M.A. [305], Irian Jaya K000172021 No
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 9077], Singapore K001132184 Yes

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Bulletin

    • Kew Bulletin
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

    • Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0