Protea L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

Morphology General Habit
Trees up to 10 m high, or shrubs, or erect or prostrate suffrutices
Morphology Leaves
Leaves linear to suborbicular, sessile to petiolate, entire, usually rather coriaceous, glabrous to tomentose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in dense heads 3–15 cm diameter, surrounded by a conspicuous involucre of bracts; bracts spirally arranged and forming several overlapping series, grading from very small in the outer series to elongate and almost equalling to exceeding the flowers in the inner series, sometimes brightly coloured, glabrous to tomentose; involucral receptacle flat to conical
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth abaxial segment separating completely from the 3 adaxial segments which remain fused for ± their entire length
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary scarcely differentiated from the base of the style, clothed with long stiff brown hairs exceeding itself in length, with a single ovule; style not flattened, glabrous or rarely hairy at the base, terminated by a linear pollen-presenter
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit an obconic achene, with the long straight brown hairs persistent.
Distribution
A genus of c. 100 species, of which some 82 are in South Africa and c. 23 in tropical Africa.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Protea L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Mant. Pl. 2: 187 (1771)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Beard, Proteas Trop. Africa: 1–112 (1993).
  • Kew Bull. 42: 815–853 (1987).
  • Kirkia 3: 138–206 (1963).
  • Mant. Pl. Alt.: 187, 328 (1771).
  • Rourke, Proteas S. Africa (1980).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images